ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ

 

עӣҽ[i]

֪ʶ۵ĽǶֹ̽ҵ⣬ James Scott ǵһ֮ǰѾйϵͳйᴩľһ֪ʶ۵ӽǣڸʱ򣬹Ү֪ͬʶ۽Ƕ˼ƻúʧܡб֪ʶĶҲоSeeing Like A State һȱԭƺһҮ˵ĶԻIJҪȥشǣΪʲôҸ˵״Ŭ⵽ʧܣȻоⱾ൱ԣۺȻȫµģdzϸ£ͼĸԣǼ򵥵ػԼ⣬ǹ۲йĹdzа

ؼScottⱾ˼룺һǡעӡڶǡĬ֪ʶһؼԸ£ǿһֱݵͼڡеĶѨ[ii]ڶؼԹҮ˵֪ʶۡScott ͼִֵ̽ҵ⡣Scott һϵйʵɭֹйз֣ҵЧԶԿռʱعΪǰġعһעӵԱԵؼ㣬ʵֹȨ֧䡣ռϣԳйΪһɹijڲϴǷdz淶ļͼΣһȻĴѲһֹ淶IJͼΡֶԣֻһеIJ㹻淶ܹȫйϢʵʩЧĹͬʹ߿ԺܿеϢھûĿչʱϣһͳһļʱλʹùγͳһʱŬطصļλ˵һ̡ٷļʱλ϶ǹͼŬȡġ

˵Knowledge is power ʱҲѾԤķչڽ죬ǿᵽڹȨ֪ʶĹҰԼĿƽڶ֪ʶ֮ϡһִ֧⺭֪ʶ롰עӡеϵ¸Ѿڶ԰ͼУļ˼άڰͼĴ۵ĸԴڰͼޱΡϵתˡϡϵͨעõġҪøȨҪǸϰעӡһȨҪתעϰҪҾһֶʵʩʽıܣʹ뻮һƵۣǿΤĿƲоҵ

ǿȲעӵΣԡԸԵĶɱɵİᡣʵеǣעϰŬ⵽ʧܡΪʲôScottִ֢עӱõ֪ʶһ֪ʶͣȡе֪ʶͣȴΪԼΨһһձԵ֪ʶƲơעӡʶʵֻܻ÷dz޵֪ʶаΪһʺעӵ۹֮ǰŬܻóɹӽʶ޶ȵʱȨҲһ֡ھľءˣScott ͨעӻõ֪ʶǷձԣߵط֪ʶǷȱݡʵϣط֪ʶܱЩƾԵ֪ʶиϢһ˵һжԶش˵ٷ׼Ļشijijڵط龳£һطԵĻشΪ٣Ϊ·߾룬ҸҪʱ䣬߶·߿ܸΪҪЧ֪ʶȱڲֱͨ۵עӶãҪĬᡣĬ֪ʶǵճй㷺ڣǿƲ֯޷յġҲȱΪijı뷨ڶ֪ʶĮӣӣߵԸķ档Үڡͨū֮·Ѿƻʧ֪ܵʶ۸ԴScottһеHigh Modernist ϡһеġִŬжܰһֹڼ򵥻עӡ֪עӵӸϾͲʺעȥӽעУõֻһʵ޽עӲĽһΪʱҺʵϽһȨֲᵽʲô̶أScott һ飬ũĵ徭ѧǵķѺ桷[iii]ͽʾִũĸĤ徭áȻ֮ӣȷʵʾһִҺгödzİ߼

ҿעӱľԿΪעӵжµʧܸһͣȫһĽͣScottûȷ˵DZעӵĶǷעӡDzˣչʷͬʱҲǹҽʷǹҺ໥Ӱ첢ıԷĿʷҽ衱һҪĺʹΪһעӵĶ󣬳ΪĿ塣ͨͳһķϵ˰ƵĽͨݵĽһǹȡ˶Ծ˿ڵļ໤ȨһҲԹسһйָĵطȨΪעӵϰգ͹Ҵһ໥ע֮УעӳΪһձ֪͡ϵרһļһֹϵ

ӽйṹǻ֣ᷢʽĹ̻ûз˵Ǹոտʼǰ;δ۹֮йִʷһҵʧʷȻһִǣʵϿںܶʱȻ۹ʱں޶£ӵһòǿȨԸȴԼԭ᳹ȥԴˣһ֪ʶ۵ĽǷdzġҿͬʱ⣺һעӱľޣڶעӶδΪעӵʡһγ˸ӵľ档ΪЧעӣƣϣһִԸ죨۹ʱûԸָĹУֲܲԼעӡעӷdzҾǿҵĸáڵǰũ⡱ĴУʱܸоԱעӵ۹Уей̨ġũڹҵнһ־ϵĵλעй䳲״Ȩṹء޷Խ۸ӵĵطϵֱעũʵϢ޷áκͼмṹŬʵʩϲòڵطȨӶΡйĹҽ˵ؼʼνĿ̸ͨǷΣעĶһͨ[iv]ڹȨ롰ھص£ͨһָͽ˼·Ѿ˸ѡҲŷʷܹѧϰϣ͸ƶȵǽڶһͨĿԡ

һЩ˼ƺѾScottıScottǿǶijעӱ־ʱȴ֮ﻮʵһָΪͨעӡ٣ScottıΪṩ˼Ŀԡ޷Żճע֮һ֪ʽֻڴһֱȽϺõעӡϣScottΪҴһЩµ˼

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[i] ۵ıμJames C. Scott: Seeing Like A State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed, Yale University Press, 1998

[ii] μ¸ͼѧ˵ غ¸·꡷ӡݣ2000꣬ҳ234

[iii] James C. Scott: ũĵ徭ѧǵķ棬Ե룬ֳ磬2001ꡣ

[iv] ߶Щ·ľƫáʩصһּԵ˼άε˼άӶε˥ܡ