ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

᣺ط壺ƶηϡȱԴҪ

Jon Elster, Local Justice: How Institutions Allocate Scarece Goods and Necessary Burdens, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1992


оƶʷʱһ顣ϵĽJames Tong ЪѧʦоҽCharles Tilly) ƼڹĹԼ۵˵ⱾȷʵпҰáһھ飬㲢ijļ裬ǸƶȺͻԴʵʹ˱øΪǡڴʵʹ˵ⱾҲΪİۻ㴦ճ֧С

ⱾϿԿһо򣬽Ϲ淶뾭оʺ϶Ե¸ֻķҿչʷо

1

ѧϡȱԴķ䣻ΪεĶ壺who gets what, when, and how". ˣ鴦ھѧҲѧ

2 ط

ν븺

a. ֻǸΪߡ
b. ν棬ν
c. ֮ϡȱԣɷԣͬԣ ֿܵϣ һƷϡȱɷ֣ͬʣѧѧ᣻ڶ ƷϡȱʣὫԱ䵽ίԱᣬѧѧ䵽᣻֮ϡȱɷ֣ʣֲģƷϡȱɷֺͬʣˮԴƷ壬Ʒϡȱ޿ɷ֣ʣء

d.ֳ һѡȽ߲ǴӸߵȻӸ߿ʼ䣬ֱƷڶ׼룺趨һԵżֻƷЩԽżˣϡȱ벻ɷֵƷ䣻ã֤ÿ󶼵õƷһ֣ڷϡȱʵƷ ʱ׼ҲΪѡͨڴƷгֵռʱʱ׼Ͳô⡣

e.طֻ漰ϡȱԵʱų֡

ĵطӣ

սʱı
ӸԱ
ֲ
¸
Уѧ
˹ھ
ĸѡ
ͯ໤Ȩĸ
׶԰ѧ

ռ

սʱ


3 طԭ

a. ƽԭ򣺾Եƽȣǩijһߵͬƫ룻
b. ʱصԭŶӣ
c. صԭ䣻Աȡ壻״̬Ȩ壻գݣͥ״ס״д
4. ԭ ˵ĸ̶ȣҪ˸Чʣ
5. Ȩԭ򣺹Ӱ
6.ԭ򣺵ƶȣƶȣʵԭ򣻴һȺϸѡֱĺȨǩ

4 طĺ

һǽƷȺXijԱΪȺXԱִȺWYZ... У˾XԵĵһȺڶ谭ǼȺX

5 ͵ط


a.һЧʣڶڹƽ͵طЧʣжߣֻģʽӰԼּۻۣ

b.Ӱƫõأ


ְҵ淶
Ļ
ƶȻ
֯Ⱥ


Ϣ

c.ƫü

֯
ּۻЭ


6 طȫ

a.۵ľ
b.۰ӣ壨Ⱥ޹ء壨ȥ޹أ
c.Ϊߵƽȡ
d.֪֮Ļ
e.븣
f.
g.޶˹
h.ŵ˵
i.ijʶ

7 ۣijЩδ

ҪνԸΪķһõȺΪķȥ