ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

¸ִ

¡(Richard Wolin˹ѧ˼ʷ)

һ

ҪҪʶڱŷйغ¸ɴʷĻʵһйʷ֮Եӱ˵ѳΪһʱִ˵ں¸˼սķԼѧԴȪһ𣩺ܻӭһ˾У¸˺ִ˼ϵĽ̸ӱϿ¸ǰִִڡĶִУΪº⼸λһָĺִߡĥġһ˼תĶع£˵һʽתĹ£20ĵ¹ִУΪִɵľ䡣ڱϸĶ

¹ļɶʲ׼У1968˶֮ķֳ֮䣬һ˼ϵԨԴϵֹϵѾԽԽΪע磬¬ġĬLutz NiethammerʷһƪСУζؽʾǵ¹˼еĹʷ˼ʽھݳƳĺִб¾廯ġݰ˹߶¡˹գOswaldSpengler˹ءٸEmst JungerͰŵ¡ףAmold Gehlen˼ĻеķʽѾִˡʷյ㡱ʱƶѾ̡ij̶ȣԡothemessһкۼǿԸŵո߹󡢼顢ʡӢԹ涨ѱȥˡĬΪںִʷҰУʷս˼Ϊһɳʶˡ

׼ζѧġԪ¡شʷ仯Ļѱ˹㷺ʷսʷһֲ²⣬µɢϵһ𣬱һַĽʽֵؼءȻһµԪȡɵԪ¶ѣһ෴˥ĿȡܵɵĽĿۡ ֹ۵㶼ijְʷѧѧԣɱغ˵ֶĸԡԺͿԡִ״ۼǣ轻ӣ߶ءΪǵʶ̬֮һ

ѧ׵¡ˣManfred Frank ͬĬֿǿָʶ̬ͳںִУΪѧϵĽ⹹ߵijΡȻֶӰֻı⣬˼Ƿḻʷ֧˱غˡֵɵĽ⹹˼Աʶ۵ĿڣʶۿܵڵʱеĻۺ壬ΪһЩӭνġߡӿ˹Ludwig Klages ݵ˹պͰ׵¡ķգAlfred BaeumlerݣԼ˵ɣõգGentileݵɭRosenbergݣǽġɡ

һָԵķʽͼ־Եѧϵϵһḻ˼봫ͳ͡ݡϵˣڽʮ״ĵ¹ʽС

׷ṹķѧ˵Ǽһǰܵľʽķ壬ǰɺ˹һ·ͳͳһսᣬҰͲпش˵ǡԵijɾͣѿʽ˼ijɾͣЩ˵ڿ˹зֵЩijƪ֮С

˼Կ϶Щ˼ҡеĴ˲ȿ˹з˹򣻵Ⲣֹܷǡȣ¹ɵΪ˹ȲʵǡǡҪɡ

70һ˾ĿԽ˼Ǩƣֵ¹۵ϵһַǻѧҲѽӪկԤʾšеġԿġ͡ġŵ١Щйص巽桢ƶ棨׼ȷ˵ѧת棩ܿҪ˵øࡣǡһλ90۵12͵ѾӹʱϵȴһֱڽӹӢϵĿγ̴١

80ڣйغ¸ЧɴȺ͹µ¶¸¼Ѿ֡ףⳡսϸؼ˺ṹۺ֮һǾǽijѧϵķ˵壬༴һֻԴں¸Ųѧϵķ˵屻Ϊŷۡ塢۵еһʱԡˡСƺһмֵĹءȻܿͷ˱仯ΪѾԽһеı溣¸һȻɴӣ⣬ɴ岢һżȻĴϵIJһЩʵķѧء¸ķһԵǼѵĹǾDzṹ׽ܵĺ¸ķ˵壬Լɴ岢ûϵǻһѡΥʶսǾǽʾ¸ķ˵Ϊɴ춨ġΪչһDzòɴӽͳΪһ˵ߣѧϵķ˵ˡнͳΪһЧĽⶾǣա⡪أPhilippe LacouLabarthe䡶¸Ρǵɴԣhumanitasľöԣһ˵壬Ϊ־ɴ⿴DZκض༴Чġ

˵ίʵвٻ˵ӸϿ˵صŷ޷˼Ĺ˼ӵ¡˹أde Maistreɴ壬һּᶨķɾ񣬼1789˵Ų򵥵˵ŷ޵塣ʵϣɴ˶˵壨ʵϸ˵޹ϵɴ弰ŲͳΪ˵ģҪôһҪôһҰʶ̬ȷһЩɴ弰ضʷԵıۺͷʷΣա

¸¼ع̬һֺĽɫΪ͹һЩ漰ԡСһֶ1968귨ѧϵļܿϸ涨ʵ¸ͨظɶִԵģ񺣵¸뿨ʩأCarl Schmitt׽ֵһһйȻǷ˹ģķ汾Эͬͬ

¸ִԵǺģȴһ¡ֹ۵㣬ִSeinsverlassenheitˡΪˡһ˲GottesverlasenheitΪһѡ¸׷ɶ֣Ϊһȫƶʱһȥδ֮ıʱڡڡ˷ζѧ1946һУʱΪıصĻߡִһﻯ֮ܶһʱǣǡƤ϶ʾ¸Ϊһ֣DZ׼ĵ¹ɶԴͶʲ׼ѧϵʢװ汾ѡЩ˶ԡԡ塱͡

أڿ˹ٸ˹աʩء˹Hans FreyerԼ಻ôĵ¹κεĵ˵п

¸ķͽһֲеķʽֶܲԡԡʲ׼ᡱȽССͬһ۵㡣ӱ˵ĻеĺĸȴΪνɵĿͬǣһַʽĿ궼ȫǴڲı䵱ijϵߡȨ־ڣͳȨӵȡԽԵļнʲôֿݡ

еȫкµʵرľʧ⡣෴һǰĿ׼ij档ƫɵȨһ׹淶ֵ塢ƽȵȣһIJӪ1920صĸԵdzεķ˹干ͬ塣֮෴ṹΡҮGeorges BatailleѰҸݣһޡ᣻ǶҪԼܹϵġ͡޷ġὨڡķѡla depenseԺͲ֮ϡϣʩصУĨǵһвڵġԼĶǡԽ಩۷롱ַһֱΪֹ

ǣɵڣ⹹עһѺֶ߸˹߸˹۵Уʵ1920¹ı״ġ߸˹塱

logocentrismʣʵ·άϣ˹䡶Ϊ״ġǣо֮ijЩӽ֮е˲˼飬Ҫһ֣̽Ӷ

лɺԻԾûд񿨶նKarlPopperŷؽʾͺԽԱɻִḶ́Ϊһ̲ɻȱһ֣̣Ҳ˵ԵĽ෴򵥻ԵĺϷԱֻҪ֤һϷжΨһݣƫȱݳ̶ΣǶһԱ׷еѱԣȴϣãЩͨΪ1970긣ǿõֱࣺһֹ־Ȩ־ڱΣЧԻҪ󲻹Ȩ־Ҫ֮УһҪȨִһУǽڵһС۵޷⣬綨ϷȨ벻ϷȨ֮IJ죬һͳǧλ⡣17ͣ˹ġȻҡ˼ܵʩغɵĸ߶һֲͬڸµľȨǺϷԵĸݡʱһֶȨϵµķ淶ִ⡣ɻκϷʱȨ֢ڡ

ʷؿԵǺͷЯֹġγһЩͼ˶סڽ̡religion of humanity¿϶ԺͲ޷ġһְһ㡢ձԺ徫֮е뵱֮жؼԾܾ˹ɺͷʶ̬˫ϱ棬ȻҲǣJGնһġ족ۼǸijҵУѼˣˣ˵ȵȡϵ˹𣚣֪ij˿Dz˹ˡǣһ˶ԣҸҶҴδڵĻҲ֪⣬18ͺԵķɡ׶SorelԼӢۼкĬ˹MoscaһͺĻ۷֮䣬Ҳǿϵ׺ڵķ˹ĶƽȵıڻصRangordungȼɭϺɾӢͳεơѹԵġ

¸ȫڶԵIJͲԵĻɡ˶вִ˼ҺĻЩѾ๤ⱻ֤ǶĻչƫͼԵʶǾԱҪġһֽ˵һֽķá¸ѧϵʧѡͬʱ¹ŮһѡһеǾļٶԵҵܴڲõȣ෴ҵϲνһˡһִûпĹ淶֧ŵ㣬˼ѰһЩʵŷļ˵Ľͼ˵ķ

ҲȽһ·˸ѧɺУּչ纣¸ṩļУǸ׼ȷеĻҪʲôֻйصҪ֮һ޷ڸ֣֮ЩͶԶԣǶͬȾˣͬǴ֮Ƿںڵĺ¸򸣿£һη̸еó˽ۣ̼ԡ﷢ջѸڹԵ֮£Ƿǵ¸ܣdas GestellУ߸˹۵УǸ¶Ȩ֪ʶУյĽͬģһԸҵȣֻ֮⡣ǣһۡ͡ѧģ¡ʵģġ͵ͬк߸˹۵ĸȥˡ ǣеһխ۾۽ųĶίʵ̫ˡ׷溣¸ִһΪΪǡԵġ߸˹۵ġȨʫ˺˼ҿ⣩ǽǴġڹغĻУԵļȷʵӦܵУΡճеִֵҲ뱻ӡ⣬DzɱػʧȥΌ˶ǾԵջЩ˶½綨ǵθѾߵúԶˣȨ˶Ů˶Լս˶Щ˶DZԸģԸǿµ壨ҪԣһַʽжԼϻκϣжֶΣͬʱҲĿġ ʵģҲǽŵġҪһҰǵάģܹǵжḻʵԣжЩпǽԵģҲпѹԵġ۵ѧϵҪ֮һںʷʶָ̬Ľۣ༴һֹһԪ¶ĺִʱڣаĸҲ뱻˵һصʹаʽģҲDzȡġ Щ棬60۵ļ̳˾ҫʱֵġĩĻۣ60аDZҪġ

ԴϾѧѧѧġư桷