˹ʵ淶֮䡷İߺ

 

       ¹ѧҡ˸ѧɵڵҪȸ˹[Jrgen Habermas, 1929-]ġʵ淶֮䡷һ1992Faktizität und Geltung: Beiträge zur Diskustheorie des Rechts und des demokratischen Rechtstaats, Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1992Ժӡٰ档뱾19975ͬʱοWilliam RehgӢ뱾Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.1996

       Ժѧ߶ӣ˴⣬мιѧר۴顣ۡһͬѰij˵ǹ˹õ[1] ߵķϷΪá˹ĽϣԴλȻִձַָġ˹ʾ[2]˵ⱾߡȻʵ۵Ųʵڵеķӽǣ[3]˵ⱾС˼ƽģʽɵIJԡ顰ɿԱǶ۵շ[4] Ȼ᲻һⱾҪԣȴͬѧ۵ķչ˵˹ⲿΪǡһʽ[5] ߱˼뷢չԣԭʵԺЧԡҲȫһǡ[6]

       бҪķһЩ˵ԭFaktizität und Geltung˼ΪʵЧԡ֮԰Ϊʵ淶֮䡱ǸӢ뱾ҲǡBetween Facts and NormsӢ뱾֮Բһ뱾֮ҪӢ뱾һЩɣ

ȣܵĵGeltungЧԣ漰norm, valueֵ, ߷dzӹ淶ֵ֮GeltungNormƺ׵ǣϾɴ˵һ淶ϵͳ֮ǿ淶ֵ֮ҲΪǿһ淶ϵͳһֵϵͳ

ΣĵGeltungӢĶӦvalidityĶӦǡЧԡʶӢߺĶ˵嶼̫ӢУ˵һɾvalidityָʵЧҲָɣDZҪġУЧԡһʼȿԶӦӢĵġvalidityԼGeltungGltigkeitҲԶӦӢefficiencyeffectiveness ԼEffizienzEffektivität֡Чԡĺ֮ҲʮҪһ߱ʾ淶ԵĶһ߱ʾԵĶ֮ĹϵҲڱҪġʵõGeltungڵڱҲһ˼Ĵʡʱ߰ʵGltigkeitͬʣӶΪ淶Чԡ롰ʵԡȷ˵һɵGeltung˵ɵġֵýԡǣҲ̸۷ɵġsozial GeltungЧԣ˵ɵsozial Geltung˵ɱԱһʵອ帴ӵͨȽϳֵ˵庭壬˵︴ӵڱеҪĿľҪ˵ɵЧģ̬ĸʣdzѵõı֮ȴ⣬Ӧñ⡣

˹ڴ۵Ҫnormative questions淶⣬ӵ˵normative淶ģnorms淶Ҳ漰valuesֵϾnorm򡰹淶ʱȽȷرnormative questions淶˼

ģҲ漰Fakzititätһʵķ룬ɡfacticityʵԡЩŤΪӢͺʶֱΪ˱ʹǾðFakzititätfactsʵȻFakzititätͨfactsӦƺҲӦðGeltungһͨʣǾnorms

壬Ӣķij̶ֳ߱Բ½еġӢдôһλӦ⣬˹˶Ա鷭Ҳ˲٣ʱרΪӢ߶ддıˣӢ뱾ԭżͬȷ˵һЩ˵Դ飬ɾһЩ׸ͶIJɴһֱʽ[7] ζϿӢ뱾һߴ߱Ҳõ϶Ҳ뱾Ҫɡ

ǣҲµ⣬бҪһ塣ʵ淶֮䡱ΪΪʵġʵΪ淶ġɹ淶ϵͳ֮ġϵǽ漰˱۵ġʵԡ롰Чԡϵһ档߰ʵͷɹ淶ϵͳ֮ĹϵΪʵԺЧ֮ϵ[8] ǿһԵۣ䲻ܾڴӹ۲߽ǶȳԹ淶ʵ֮ϵ[9] ˵Σʵͷɹ淶ϵͳ֮ĹϵһΡ

ȫIJλмεǡڷɱ֮ڵʵЧ֮[10] ־3-6۵¹ϵڷЧ֮еʵ֤ԻϷԻڵĻϵΪȨϵ֮ʵ֤ķϵͳ֮е˽͹ĻϵǿԵִкϷԵִȨ֮Ļϵ˾ڵķȷԭ뷨֮Ϸԭ֮ĹϵܷԺ˾ְзɹͬĶشͳܷΪȨϵڹͻеijԽ֮Ĺϵȵȡ

ΪڷɵĹ淶обҪѧлûĸߡˣڵ1º͵2Ϊ֮Ľжۻ̺֮ŵʵЧ֮Ժʹ֮еһϵữ֮еٵִзΪȫ᷶Χϵͳ֮佻ѭ֮תֵ

Ϊ淶ķۺбҪͬѧоϵһӺߵол֤һΪߵоṩաˣ˷ɱ֮ڵʵЧ֮֮תڵ7º͵8νʵԺЧ֮ڹϵɴһνʵ塱ֻͨת淶۲ͻھޣһֻν塱Ĺ淶۲ܳɹʵѧת룻һָȨԡȨΪһǿȨҪΪϷȨĻĻҲҪĻͷɽʵ

۵Ļϣڵ9°ƫءЧԡķ˼ƫءʵԡ˼ġ巨ɷʽԽŵġʲ׼ʽ͵ġʵʷɷʽ˷ɵġιΣ

뱾Ĺأٲʤ٣ֻһ㡣˹۹һdzԡҲǰ᲻һص㣬עضԲͬ򷶳𡢳嶨ķķѧصսΪǡǡΪҪЩ֣ķ벻ױǰᵽGeltungGltigkeitEffizienzEffektivitätЧ֮˹ȫ鶼ǿLegitimität LegalitätҲɡϷԡַϵѣϺô׶һЩҪȨ͡ȨΡ͡ơι͡ԷιȵȣҲ˵߱롰һЩʲɷЩЩڶ̶ǽĻ֮IJ죬ͬʱҲйִĻչIJ㣬DZйרҷĻ͡ճĻ֮شΪ˾׼ȷرﱾԭ⣬׻ĸʱڽעм˵ܶҪķǰ󱣳һ¡Ϊ˱߱˵עͻע;Ϊעÿҳ棬ߵעΪβעÿº档

߽עУԼһЩ˵֮⣬Ӣ߶һЩҪ˵ԼڱȽӢ뱾ԭʱֵһЩ˵֮Ҫ˵Щ죬ΪӢ뱾ڵİ4֮󣬶߲˽ⲢϿ϶ӢߵĹһһ̶ϲĹЩУ߲ܸõ˽ԭ˼ҳ˽ߺԱ۵һЩ΢仯

Ӣ뱾ԱߵҪԣΪӢ뱾еЩ΢䶯˵ҪΪڱĹṩ˲ɻȱϵİ1994 William RehgͰӢṩʱĶ̫Ķ˹ɲʿĵߡ뱾ɵʱֿ߲ע͡뱾עӢı졣ڴˣ߱ʾл

ķ1998ϰ꿪ʼΪֹѽ3꣬ҪǴ20008ΪطѧߡڼɵġΪˣҲҪлṩ˴ηػᡣ

 

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[1] David M. Rasmussen: How is valid law possible? A review of Between Facts and Norms by Jrgen Habermas, Mathieu DeflemHabermas, Modernity and Law, London 1996, 42

[2] Richard Bernstein: The Retrieval of the Democratic Ethos, ڣMichel Rosenfeld, Andrew Arato ()Habermas on Law and Democracy: Critical Changes, Berkeley/Los Angeles/London, 1998, 295

[3] Andrew Arato: Procedural Law and Civil Society: Interpreting the Radical Democratic Paradigm, ͬ飬26

[4] Michael Power: Habermas and the Counterfactual Imagination, ͬ飬211225

[5] Michel Rosenfeld, Andrew Arato: Introduction: Habermass Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy, ͬ飬1

[6] Richard Bernstein, ͬ飬288

[7] William Rehg: Translators Introduction, Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy, trans. William Rehg, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1996, xxxvi

[8] 7¡

[9] 3¡

[10] 7¡