ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis




ռеڽ̣Իڽ̵ս

ǰ
ڽɺͶԪӦôɫأһԵο⡣ѧ壬ʷ˼ϣͻڽ̵Ĺϵ쳣ӡڹвͽˡJohn Locke׶١John MiltonȻ20ͣ˼ķչԵȻάɣΪ˽˵飬ڽDzӦڹеҪɫġһЩ߸Ϊ̷ܷԭζŻ̵ԶӦڹУѧУֵͥȣȫʧȻٻͽĿرܶۺϻŻڽ̵Ĺɫȫ׻ͶԪڽӦսʵ̤21Ͳӱܵ⡣һ᳢Ծ⸴ӵһdz

Ȼľ˲ӶģԳǵԲǺܴȻЩӴһЩҪ̵⣺Ӧ壿ºڽĹϵӦ겻ƽϵҪ˼⣬ҲǷ壬ĵĿһֿ˵ۣᳫһֿšݵ塣


һô壿
ҳ˼ָҲй֪ʶӵ׷ʱ˵ʷǸᳫɣɣȡɣʵƹɵĴ˶[1] ӵʹƶȡ̷Եرǿ˵Ȩܹ˵ĻȨľ衣[2] 󺣹ǿ뼫ȨĶ岢һֽһܶģActiveһַȨ̬ȣ׷չ򡣡[3]
ȻͬȨ߲һȫͬĿǿԽһ֡ŵߺִߡ1819ڵĹŵƣҵΩһDZϹijЩȨرȨ˽˲ƲȨ19ͺڳִֵΪҲӦùƶסȱӵĽ״⣬ʹֹԶȨͲƲȨһ̶ȵΪ۵ġ[4] Ӵͳڽ̺͵µı⣬һЩҪ뱣صǹŵ壬ŵˣRobert Nozick㷴ʹȨȥ·ԴΪǶԸȨֱַԲǼȨ壬ɳΪ壨libertarianism򵥱ΪߵָͨƽȺᳫҵִߣ޶˹John Rawls [5]

һЩһµģƵᲢһijЩͬĿ֧ᡣ෴ƵһȨɻɵĿܣڣǿԸ˵ķʽԸĺʽ׷ǸԵĿꡣƵɷ֧ᣬΪǷᣬӦԭԭ֧䡣ЩԭǿԷҿԼԱԭ򡣶ңҲijʽԤΪĻõʽ[6] һشĺ壺ۣneutralism͡ȡthe priority of the right over the goodӣWill Kymlicka˵۵һصǶԡԡǿ[7]ⲻָںneutrality of consequence [8] ָֹ֧ߵҪneutrality of justification˵ҲܼٶijƵĸһЩá[9]෴ѧ߽壨perfectionism˵ҵӦѭһʵʵƵĸָ

ΪҪأֽRonald DworkinΪǽƽֵΪһĹвͬƵġ˱ˣ㲻ƽȵؿǡ[10] ݵԣӦòǿƷﵽͳһȨͲܸƵIJͬ費ͬļֵֻҪͬĺгһ²ܴﵽҪڲͬĵĿ֮нһƫеĿܣ׶ΣͲܰĻṹijһֵƺµĸ֮ϡҲˡʡ¡[11] ƫеĿܡʱΪĹ͹procedural republic ڽĹ͹Ӧôɫأ


Ի̵ս
ڽĽɫʷкܴı仯׻ִָڽ̵˥DzɱġһؼԭܹķֻdifferentiationһЩܹǼ˶عܵģרijܵļܹȡڽ̷Բڽ̺һ޿ײϵͳ͸ڽ̵֯͸ÿһڣΪṩ¢˸Ṧܣΰȵȡִֻܷÿֹרȥеѭķ򣬶ڽ̵Ĺ羭õоöȥΣʥֹϢĹɲóġһֻܹ񸪵׳нڽ̵ṦһԿգڽ̵˥Ȼˡ׻ûбȻϵߴ׻ۣرǽڵʱ䡣Ȼ̤ʮ׻ܵɣصʾڽۣȻܵҵijгյơ[12]

Щʽ󡱣Kuhnian anomaly׻ۼҵ͵ĻشǣЩֻǺܸ˻ԲӰ׻۵㡣ڽڹӰҪˣ˴˽˵ϲúѡڽ˽˻privatization of religionĹ̲׻Ԥ𣿡˵ڽ˽˻Ѳֻ졢ưԣⷽ׻ij̶ȷģ⵱Ȼʾڽ̲Ӱ칫ʵϽʮܶ෢չڽ˽˻Ԥⱳۣؽ̵ĻҪɵĸ˾֪ӡ[13] ѧҿ³Jose Casanovaһ̽֡ڽ̡Ŀ⣬½ִڽ̷˽˻deprivatization of religionƣ

ִۺ׻۶ֻΪڽ±Ե˽˻Ľɫڽ̴ͳֽܾɫ˶ӿ֣ڽԵıʣڽ̵սЩҪ򩤩гéԺԡͬڽ̻ܾ֯ԼڸǼ˽˵빫µĹϵʣġϵͳرǹҺгǿڵĹ淶ԿǵʱҲսЩơЩһ˽˵ĵºڽλ͹κ;¹淶[14]

ĴӪΪ1979ġµĴ˶Moral Majorityڽ̽εĺӣ˶Jerry FalwellͱΪڽɵĴи1980׹٣Ҳ͵õ˶ֲ֧޹ϵ[15] ΪЩֻڽִĴӦ꼻һ֡µĴ1989ʱǶֳ죬˵Ԥ֮СȻھʮˣChristian CoalitionǴ۾ [16]͵ضᣬС̫ƽʢ֮ʴѡ˸ȻʤúգһҪؾǣڻĻԱ߾죬ִֺͳУڽ̵ȫ˽˻Ҳƺܡʵһ£ǷЩչһ£ʵϵߵıܷӦǶڽ̽빫ġһ˼ҳԴ۽Ƕȷ񶨻ڽ̵ĹɫһЩϣʵжڽ ѧ޶˹һĿģ߰ʮðڽɣڹͺν̷롱ӶָǺܶʱΥĻԭ[17] ޶˹1971ġۡΪһȨɵĿܣɵ׷ǸԵĿͼֵӦijʽֵԤΪõʽܱȻǶԳֲֵͬ۵ĹءȻ޶˹Ҳᳫۺ͡ȡ˵һ㶼Ϊڽֵ̼ܱ޶˹Ҳ⣺ڽĽͨɷϹɷ֤֤ձϵġ[18] ԣ߽ڽ˼ֵۣûĹأΥԭ ʵʱ޶˹ڽ̲øУôܡ۽һڽսͱƺΪڽ̲ݡreligious intoleranceDzĵ䷶ [19]ἰྺĽɵı[20]ڽ̵̬º˺ܶ࣬ǿȺļǻ̵ľ޴[21] ⣬۵St. Ignatius Loyolaѷ֧ԵĿʱۣϸ˵ĿĶһĿIJûΥѡԭȻˣԸеǷԵģܸеǷġΪijϵͳԵʣұŤΪһĿķ񡣡[22] ˵Ȧɵ㣬ʵ޶˹ܲףIgnatius LoyolaĽǶļֵ޵ģֵ޵ģǰѺ߶ǰʵԲ˵ڽ̵Ťģֻʾû濼ڽ̶ҵտġʾ޶˹ͬ顢Ҳƺڽƫ֮

ɼڽ޶˹һģ޶˹ڹߺִѧ޵٣Richard Rorty¶šܰһλܷ֮ѷJefferson˵ҵ˵жʮ񣬻˵һҲûУΪҴ˺ΪζšռǿԷֿģûйͬ޹ҪġǿԡҲӦáڽ˽˻[23] Ϊ޶˹ϣѹⱣ˽᲻÷ɹЩôҲЩߵ۷ֿȻ˵ĻΣʱʹԸġ[24] ˻ῴһ仰Ŷڽ̿ȷӵ档 ޵ٲΪڽҪ˽˻ѧҲҪµĿͽСѧȡϣһʶ̬ᣬôҡԵѧ۶ʹDzȫǵϻҲҪ϶Dzߡ[25] Ϊأ޵Ϊ𰸾ǣǩǾڽ̿ݺĴͳִijмˣǰ֮ϡ[26] ޵٣Richard RortyյûиԽ֤ȻŰѧڽ̱ԵʵһɣȣdisenchantmentʹľʵʡݡɾͶԹԵš[27]ΪΣյģ谭޶˹ԵġڶŵŽᡱķչΪħijİ汾ʱͬʱ˶ݡ[28] ٴҪڽ˽˻Ϊڽ̴ߵۣʵǻƷζΪڽ̻Իֹconversation-stopperڽͽͬڽ̵˽˻Իȡڽɵı֤DzάȺ[29]

ڵ޶˹ڹķЩı [30] 1993ġ塷[31] ϵͳزµĿιȫۣǰߡΪ͸ڵĻ֪ΪθǡйɶƽȵģкγijƸٽһķЩйʶθԭ


סÿһ˶һƽȵĻȨͻ֮ȫֵͼʽһƽȵҪһ˵ͬͼʽݵͼʽͼʽУƽȵֻЩɣʹ乫ƽļֵõ֤

ҡĺ;õIJƽҪһҪָλְλڻṫƽ¶˿ţڶҪЩԱ[32]


νȫԵָһļֵô˵ĵԸԼƵĶЩӦòȡΪȫ۸Ӧţ[33] ִжֺȫѧ˵ԴûйʶεĹֻԭ򣬶Ƕ걸ѧ˵Ȼ޶˹ٶȻǡһֶĹ۵㡱ɫɫĺ걸ѧ˵ܵõǵ֧֡[34] ܾθɽʶoverlapping consensusһȶϵ

ڶڽ̵ĹɫнĿԼֹ߻ϲܵڽ̡Ҳ깫ԣpublic reasonҪԣԹǹƶȻߵĿ˵ԹָĿ֧ʹڸ⣨fundamental political questionsǿȨķ£໥֤ԼԵijɡ[35] סЩ˿ӦΪõġԼȫwhole truthĹڽ̵Ļ׵ȫ˵comprehensive doctrineóɣreasonsȥͨЩƽȹɣreasonsжϡ[36] Ȼִᣬȫ˵ĶԪDzɸıʵijЩ߻ɵǽһȫ˵dzزͬȫ˵Ƕ϶ϲóϷġᳫʱضҪÿһԵͬɩǹԣ䱾ݵĹɹpublic reasoningֳͨһйĺԸreasonable conceptionsǵ˼ȥ㻥ݱ׼[37] ⣬Ҳǿֻʹáɳʶ뼰ĿѧͽṩĹ֪ʶ[38].

ʹùǶ񹧾Σduty of civility [39]Ȼ޶˹ǿֻǡһڵĵΡ[40]ǷΡҲζǡԶͨıܷԽԼڽ̰Ȩϣǿб֤ڽ̻ڽ˵֮Ӱɾ͵ϣϣĿģǽƽȹƽȵĻȨġ[41] ִһˣʵ̫ȫ롰ԹǸġ[42]

޶˹ĽǿԵƣǿԹиֻۣЩҳ֮Ϊpublic political forum⡣һԷΪݣʱʹõĻdiscourseԱĻǹصĺѡ˼侺ѡߵĻ[43] ֻ֮ӦҪּconstitutional essentials⣨matters of basic justiceϡ⣬޶˹ͬ⡰ٶȫ˵Ƿṩ֧֣ʵɣproper political reasonsʱǵȫ˵ṩɣreasonsʾӦøЧ֧֣ڽԻڽȫ˵κʱ򶼿빫ۡ[44] ȷϣ͸ٳڽĺͽ⣺ڽ֮ûжҲҪжϽбڡ壨Enlightenment Liberalism[45]

ȻDzòָԼܹ֡ṩƵĹԡ֧֣ǡǰԼڽԻڽԵȫ˵ۡġҪ޶the proviso[46]˵һ֡ڽۡ˹۵Ļ߰µϣRobert Audi顰رᳫֻ֧ɵķɻ򹫹ʱ֪ĹӦٳһɣṩ֤ݺ㹻Ķġ[47]Audi and Wolterstorff, 123νָһɣ淶Եϵ۵Ĵڻѧ壬ҲڽȨ˻Ϊ̷ҪԭֿɷΪ棺һԭӦڽʵɣƽԭӦڽһͬʣ[48] ԭӦڽڽ֮䱣ƫһߡ[49] µϱڽ̣Ҫעν壬Ϊβ붩ĵ±׼ſȷڽͽͷڽܳΪϺĹݺ޶˹ĴͬС죬ΪζŻص̬ȣҪѡǿԴʩޡҪвα۵IJͬӪܽܵġ[50] кԵij˶ͬġ֮κɵǿԴʩֻΪάֹʱģ˵ľDz㹻ġ[51]

϶ڽ̵ĹɫֻǼѧߵĸ𿴷ͲҵķӦʵϣ̸ֻֽ߲⼸ʮŬиȥʵ̷֡롱룬ⷽĵĿ˵ˣAmerican Civil Liberties UnionACLUΪ¶Υ̷ԭģӦýֹ [52]


ڹڳѧУʥ裬ƽҹ
̻˰Լû⡣
ڹѧУİ෿˶ҵ
Ӻͼʦ
ڹڵطչʾʥʮּܺκλ̵ķš
ڹѧУѧԷضʥʹʱࡣ
ӡϡſϵۡ־䡣
̴ѧĿѧϵϡ
ڰ෿ʮ롣
ѧʽѧУ
ղʱʼ֡


Ϊ˴ﵽĿ꣬ϧϡһСѧ㱻ֹȥѡԼɪĹĶ£ԭҲ̷롣ܶʱԺоҲӳƵ˼루ֲ޶˹϶ǹԵĵ䷶2000619߷Ժ63ͨѧǰԷĹҲΥܵģӦֹ˾˹٣Justice John Paul Stevens˵ǰĹǿڳ˲ڽ̾ݵжӰ졣ϯJustice William H. Rehnquistͬ⣬Ϊþڹڽ⡣ΪⲢΥ̷ԭָʢͳӦͨȨҪ󣬶һΪжաⲻʱҲˣ˵ſϵۡⰸԴڵϲѧУݳβ⣨ǺͳԴ˲þеʧ˵֧ѧɵرǵͲԷѧܷϵȨ[53]

ķͥƶ̷ʵʮʷʮʼ߷ԺֹڹѧУڽ̻һսơEngle v. Vatale, 1962; Abington v. Schempp, 1963; Stone v. Gramm, 1980; Graham v. Central, 1985; Jager v. Douglas, 1989 [54] 1973߷Ժö̥ǸŮĻȨRoe v. WadeݼȫͶƱķʽܷͨ׼͸ӷͬⱣĵλ [55] 199612£߷ԺΥܵģΪ䶯dzڵ⣬ԡɷԺǷ壬ǿı׼񣬲ԾȨ[56] ߷ԺIJþʹܶۻθһȺѧŭ𣺡[57] BorkҲʣȻˣǻݽֹһ[58] һӣ1991껪ʢݼȫͶƱķʽȷֹķ199636գھѭͥƷCompassion in Dying v. WashingtonһٿCaseyдɵľ壬ÿһȨȥԼ桢塢İصĸ[59] Ȼˣκǣֵķַˡ[60] һƹأStephen ReinhardtҲΪijЩ˵ĵºڽ⣬ֹķȫݣDzġ˵Ϸ٣KennedyΪšϴڳԽķ¡Ѿһڽ[61] Щдʶӳͥڽ̺͵ųԡ

Щ鼤ڽ̽ǿҵķӦڽɵϵķչйأڽ˻ͶΣһԴԳ̬˵ǸеԼļֵܵӣԲһս[62] Żִ˼Ҳڹռڽ̵Ҳ̨ĸʴѧΪѧǺӣܹĴѧ˽򣬱ܹڵļ죬˸ܱһڽ̹۵㡣ʴѧһۺԶĿѧĴѧҲûӲԹ涨ѧ̨̧ۣͷһαܷӦڽ̾ȥѧʶ̬ĸƳΩжԪ棬ӱ˼άֵùעǣȺֵ۵ͬձԣ߻ΪԪ壬ᡣ[63] ۣڽѧԡ[64]Ȼڽ̵ųǷĺأ


ڽֻƺͷֻ
ᳫڽ̵˽˻ʷгֵڽսڽ̱ƺĪϵ޵پ˵ڽ̵˽˻ǻȡһݺڽɵĴۣʹ۾ݣмܻᵽ㣬µϱ˵ڽijȨ[65] Ҳ˵ȫߵƫ֧ǵʷʵȷв٣ȻͱʾڽȫƹڽǺҪ㡣

һһӰΣԣDzܳʷġܶһ۵ڽ̲Σ˵ôֵһ㣬ʵ20ĩεᣬЩֲ¼ȫʷԡ[66] ڻᣬȨ;ȵԶԶڽ̣ԽڽҪܱƺȨ΢΢߶ڽ̵ֽģرǵĴɲóġ

ڶܴѵIJڽ̣˹зNicholas Wolterstorffָ͵ɱĥ͹㷺IJпᣬҪһֻһֵеģ塢塢˹塢ͬİ;ðȨеĹͬؾǣΪйػ˴ɱͲпԴ17͵ŷޣйػڽ̣ͣйػһֻһֵĿꡣֻڽսǰѾʱˡ[67] ʵϣ߳ìͷָڽˣΪִֻĻˣִģιһDzƽġͣRobert Wuthnow˵Ͷ߱ߣ˵ȡֹ̥ǰѸ˵򣬵DZڱֺ֧ܶ෨ͥIJþЩþʵȥ綨ôǻǸ˵µŬ[68] Զ̥Ϊ۷ͥIJþ˵ģ֤㡣ãJean Bethke ElshtainֱһԪۣliberal monism֮ǣЩų⹫ڽ̵ŬԡɾͣʵǼһԪ۩һʽΪ״ijЩмֵӼ档[69]

ڽ빫⾿ǻǸأʵһЩʷǿʹı׼ڽ̵ĺһǻģΪڽҲǴٽɾľ޴ƶ޶˹ڽ̵̬ȵĸı䣬Щӵʶкܴϵ籴Robert Bellahԣӷū˶ḣ˶ڵᵳ˶·£쵼Ȩ˶ͲȣC. Chavez쵼ũ˶ÿһּʹֵʵ乫ļֵ۵˶ijʽĹѧ[70] ҲɼһЩӣɴ¹ԣ͹ŷĵֿ˶ [71]ڷɱ˶ [72] ȵȡϸһӡ

?·?Martin Luther King19291968Ǿ֪Ȩ˶䣬֪ݵɸǣMontgomery, AlabamaĽŻʦʱдڽ̶һֱʵҵϢϢءʵϣ߸ֲ˵ڽ̾[73] Ϸ쵼飨Southern Christian Leadership Conference1958꿪ʼΪȡƽȹȨҲֲں˽̻ȡĴͳƶΪķɾһ˶ϵɷķɡ[74] ڹڼʱҲڳ𡱵ʥʫ196844ܶ˶ǿΪȡӸ˵ǽ̻ѳʿ

һ˹Wiliam Wilberforceʱռдȫܵϵ۰ΰĿǰϳū͸ĸǵòʱڽ̸˼Τ˹WesleyҲ֮ͿkĴܣŬֱūƶȣʷаҲȫʧ˹1788꿪ʼӢȡֹūءӣʮŬ1807ɹ18ȡкūĽţ1833726գϳūthe Bill for the Abolition of Slaveryͨǡ[75] ȤǣʱĹԣ˹ȡDzʵʣDzԵģܶ˸ϳūƶȣӢľǻġΪ˹ǻڽ̿ȣֻҹīLord Melbourne˹˵ڽ빫ʱݱ൱֡˹Ȱ棬ǽôأǹȻɲڽ̶εDZΣһֹڽ̵ĽֻӤϴˮһ


ġۡж
ڽ̵̬ۺ͡ȡĹ۵㣬бҪԵؼЩ۵ǷվסţʵսȺɣ¶Michael Sandel޶˹ [76]ϸ [77]ϼ̸㡣Ҫ۶ߵԶ壬ԴѧĻΪ۵Ӧأ޶˹ָԭ򲢲ѧԺϷԺֻΪЩڼֵ[78] ΪҪۣ᳹ƫ׷ʹڼֵƵĸ޳ɵģȻûֱӱǿôǿڴǿɵ˰ЩĿϡҲ϶ķԴѧͲݵȵֲŤǵıʡ

ȵ˵ʵ˵ֻһۣΪ̸ҪָԸȨأҪָơȻɲҲһƵĸԵ˵Ϊijֵ¸Dzʱ ɵļֵֵ¼ֵߡɴ˿ɼܶƵĸֻǰɿɣǣߵƶѡ̩Ronald Thiemannָ֮϶вɰȨʱǽҪش͵k˵ȨΣڽԵƸ[79] ֤ȨʱܲೣϡĸҲƵĸȨƵĸȻ֡Ǵġʵڵ޶˹ҲȨǽһμֵȡ˼˵μֵÿ񶼿ΪƽȵˡΪƽĺϵͳǼߵļֵھ󲿷ڷμֵΪҪ޶˹ֶԼֵȴĿأΪΪμֵйʶĻģкȫ˵Ľݹʶ֧֡޶˹˵ᳫһۣμֵȷμֵȣ϶ȫ˵Ƿеͨأ

ʵ̥ͿԳЩԵ޷¡ϵϵ޳뷴Զ̥УĽ̥㲻ˣȨ⡣޳Ϊ̥ˣˣ̥ıɱ෴ĿߵIJͬǵѧ϶˵IJͬġǿԿЩΪͬѧģҲ޷ѧȫֿ[80] Щ˻˵ֹ̥˲޳ɶ̥pro-abortionֻʶ̥ȨǺԵĿ⣬ȻˣӦάŮ˽ȨԼѡֻӵѡpro-choiceѣûΥۡ޶˹ǿ̾Ϳܷ׼̥ȨľǣԼʹ̥ȨǡǿоܿDzģζ⽫Լȫ˵ǿˡ[81]

˵⣬̥ȨġǿԱȽչ˶ͯķҶзɳͷϺͯĸĸôѡȨΪûɶͯijߵ¼ֵҲֵͬڸĸѡȨǸɴ˵¸ĸûôȨѡǷӦú϶ͯͬЩ̥ȨˣǺѽܸŮȨ̥ġҲ˵˭˭ǣҵ۵ֻǣö̥ȨʵǷӵġ仰˵Ů̥˵Ƿ˽ȨͬԣкԵ˶ͬģǰȨдҲǽһֵּǿڷ̥ˣ ޶˹۵̥ʱ˵Ӧشμֵ˵ءάijʽļͥǸŮΪƽȵĹ񡱣˵κκƽֵּķḳ踾Ůڻ£ijЩ˵ƵģȨѡǷֹС⻳еijڣŮƽȵμֵһСκηȨȫ˵͡Dzġ [82] ˵Dzò޶˹һ£һֱǿ岻϶Ҳκκȫ˵һֱһӡĴڽҲ Ǻȫ˵˵ʹijڽ̵ļֵڶ̥Ĵ𰸱ʱͿԳDzˣⲻеõIJѭ֤[83] ޶˹ҲDzɹģʯԪԣ塭ijɾҲĿõġǰһֳԽʶ̬κѧѧ۵˼ϵȻһֻþ[84] ˣ޶˹ĹԵҪأ


塢ڽ֤
ڽ۵ĵһڽɵڽͽҲȨʵ𣿲޶˹ӵάPaul WeithmanȷָڽƵģͬͽжԹڹcivilityΣڽ۵Ҫ֤ҪôûдٽƵΣҪôβζŶڽݵơ[85] ȻڽͽǿڽɵĻ壬ǵָǿ˽ڼŷڽָ̣ܹʹӰᣬҪʵǣ㹻[86] ȻⱾԲڽָۣо֤Ρһ£߶Ѿ֤ηҪɵϣά۵ڽʱȴƺηάڽɵϣǷе㲻ƽأʵ͹ڽ̽Ƕȵ˲һϣıᣬǿֻͼ֤ԼҲ˵ [87]޶˹Ҳ [88]ȻҲɴӿʼųּ֤һûйЧΪ׵пκʱѡڽ̣Ҳǵڽɡ֤߲һص̬ȣΪDzԹ˵ǵĿһѡ

⣬νܷΪṩֵʵںܳʡ˹зWolterstorffӦµʱʵô׵֧ÿ˶Ȩأ˹зָǻʥ˽ġʹ׵֤֤Ȩͽ֪֤հµϵԭҲڹᳫʵҪǻϿأ˵ף˵Ļô֤أ[89]

ڽڽֲ֤ǾԵģ߳Ӱ͸ԡʥsanctity of lifeΪ1984žδвϵijӤµָҪҽԺвϺ޲ϵӤͬȵάʩֹҽԺӤġءquality of lifeΪԴµıǺ䶯һʱĶŶӤ¼Baby DoeCaseһۺ֢ӤϵͳܵҳҽԺͬⲻΪȥָλѧPeter SingerͿHelga KuhseΪڡ˵ͬȼֵԭ򣬵ΪԭԴԻ̣˶ͬģָDzԽܵġ֤Ϊǿɱһھͻ̥ΪһӤˣǾһҪþάǻìܵġȻȥܡӵĹ۵㣨pro-life view˵̥Ҳˣĵµλ졣෴ȥ˵ͬȼֵ뷨[90]

ʵͿ˵޵ҵȻ޳ǵĽܶˣرѡ˵ͬȼֵ֤ĵԭڽ̽ţ༰ɱӤǶҧгݣֵԴ?ʷԨԴġ۹ʱΪʥ̥ձ飬ͲȱӤҲƽ£ЩӤܶ඼һЩԹūŮһЩŪ˲УؤΪǵ׬Ǯ[91] ˡūսȵǻ̰ʥĸĻɱӤΪУᱻΪĵУĻֲͽ֯͡ҽԺ財İ˵ıͽΪ¶Ѹ˲ṩԮQˡ[92] ʷ棨Lecky˵״ʷǧƵŮŮ٣ϵ棬ڼȲʺΣյĴ£ʸ־һȥĿѡ[93]

ֵҲҪг֤ݵ˵ƺٶijֻ֪ʶۣfoundationalist epistemology֪ʶձ [94]ιģ1997ڵ֪ʶ۷ǵĵ֪ʶڹۣcoherentismĻµϵҪԵòܺװ͹David HollenbachΪǹӦ̲һӵĸ桭ԵбijЩʱܲпݵĸûǰĵһԭ򡣡 [95] ԡʶܽȻֳɲͬᾭתڽºڽתΡֶĿ԰ڽιŬDzܳɹġ[96] Ҳȫ֪ʶǷȫȷָֻֿǼѡ֮һǼ˵ĵ֪ʶ۲ûԣѹԵҪ󽨻ֲûйʶۣе[97]

DzӦԭԵڽ֤߸ŷı׼һʼڽǷԵģdz۵㣨begging the questionͨҪжϣʵҪϸĻ׼Щ׼£ܶձĵҲ⣬ƵĽֻĶԪͳƺҪ϶ԪԣҪԸʽ֤ڽ֤ţø˲빫ڹֵͬۡ[98]

Ҫָڽ壨繤ᡢ־ԸţҲĵºڽ̵Ľ Ψۡ˼壩Ҳᵼƫֻ߼ڽɵҲе󵼣ҪķֱӦǣЩк񶼽ܵģЩɲк񶼽ܵġ[99] ڽƺƽҲǰٽ塣ڵ޶˹Ϳ⣬Ĺų׻ڽ̵ȫ˵ԵƵĸΪۡǰ֧֤ǰ֧ڽ̵֤[100] ޶˹θܷϹͬԵҪ󣬵ָѡ[101] Ƶ̫̫࣬ն԰µϵҪΪΪκǿԴʩֻΪάֹʱģ˵ľDz㹻ġ˹зָûжٷܻкԵĹͬ⡣Ҳûڽʵ֣ǵںܶ˴ķ磬ȻҪ˵ͬſôҲɡ µҲΪͽʹڽ֤ȥ֧ijЩߣͽԽܵģǻеΣһƻ˹֮ĻŻأȶԡǿûɽܵĴʩΥ˹зӦʱָʵǶΪģѭ˵ľЩеõйĽɣ˵ⲻأ[102] ˹зΪ㹻ˣ˶ܵƽȵı񶼱ɸƽȵɣҶиڽ̻ȫ˼뱣йƽͶƱƽȵر[103] Ϊ

ﲹ䣬ȻѼٶ˴˵ľܼ̤ɱϵĻȨȻΪ˳ܲһЩòȫʶߣһЩڽޱȻϵĿ⣬еǿͲ޳ɵģѵֵ֧˾DzطԵ𣿹ؼڷĶǷ֧Ϊ˹ԭӦףڲΥǻȨ£ʱҪһЩǿкɽܵķɻߵģǵȻҲúϷ;ȡı䣩Ϸ򣬲˭⡣ˣڽͽúϺķȡԼĿΪôأ ܽһ䣬DzӦΪ趨ƣⲻDzܴٽϵ[104] [105] ּڿİȨάͽʹڽɵȨ̵ľҲǿЩʱҪΪ˰ֵԭʣԼȨͬڽͽڿе£ӦߵĹ룬Դٽ˽⡢ƽͼٺͻҲӦĶԪԣŬĹʶڽҲӦᳫݾԷʱºԵ˵ǶϡȻŬӦ˫ģΪߺۼڽҲӦڽ˿ɽܵɽйأѿȵ߲Ҫǿǵļֵڽϣ ҲṩĺԵı׼ÿ˾ɣҪһ¡ҪһµȡҪĿⲻǡһ֤Ƿڽ۾ݡǡ۾ǷڽԣǷǵĻֵݡ[106] ֻҪڽ֤ЩֵϿɵ⣩ԪĹ̳ûųġ


ڽ̡
Dzûųڽ̵Ĺɹڽ̲빫ռۣΪڽܴ̾ٽĻӶᷢӲӰ졣ȻˣһеطڽڹռIJ룬ʵеäĿˡ

˵˽֮ĵҲǹоӼ壬͸еIJ볢ӰߵˡĻϾֻܲεĹήλΪ١ӴٽεĽǶ̻ԹĹDzٵġָֹоʾڸ˵棬̻ἮͶƱѡǼǡξѡعϵڽ֯ΪȺҲ̨ݽɫ綯Ա֧ʾ͵Ƶж˵֧͹㷺ĵⷢ[107]

ᲢһݵضĹͬĿ꣬ɶԪȺijǺҪģΪѰʶĹṩһ̳Dz˵ҪôҲΪôǶȺõ¡⹫ռĽչҪDzɺԵġ[108]ռӦÿһ˿ţܲùȥ֤ļֵۣȨƵԶ󡣵ȻڽʿҲӦų⣬رΪڽԪжƵĿԵ⣬̼ǵĵЩǹԵijʶѧṩġ[109]

ӼһҪܣ;֮̽ͼֵֻDzŲȫִӴܹǣűߡڽⷽҪԣ繫Եرԡ[110] ڽҲǹʢҪ֮һ

пάTocquevilleڽ¹ܶҪԣ֮оҪĽܣУڽ̵Իܸƽȵȡ򡣡[111]̼ܵ޶ţʹ˵ﻯ򣬶ᡰ޷ѵѭȹҪ˰һDZΣǸ塣֮ϵϡͥҲ˥޶״̬[112]ԣڽȺĽƽָ塣[113] ֮Ҳͬ㣺ǵ˹µеҹһλͳʱְͷһ˵DzûһװսʤܵڽԼСǵֻܷΪһеºڽ̵ƶģκȫЧġ[114] ʢĸ˵дЩβļϰУڽ̺͵DZزٵ֧šͼ߸ҸЩΰ֧Ǽ֮εǿ֧õǽĻһӦúһλ򯾴֮ʿһغάЩ֧[115]

ǿ޵һϵĹɫҲԸڽ̣ϲǿӲ̬ƣڵ޶˹ֽϰݵ̬ȣݹҳ֮ΪĻbackground cultureIJݣĻԹڴǹʽıĻҲκĴýʱЩԹԹȷʵڱĻнпϲۡȫֿͬ[116] ˵Ǻϵġ

⣬ڽֹ̲ԹᣬʱҲսֿرִС³Ϊڽ̵ҪӦȥսִ˽빫ĽߣùԼȫκι淶Եơ[117] ڽ״׵УرȽƽߵı׼ֿΪūƶDzģȻܶ˲ͬƹִڵʱĹԣ㲻ܷܶոµڹͣӶƽȵĸšijɾǻڽɵġ[118] ޶˹ȻϽڽɣֻڽֹ֧ԣǾԡȻѼٶ򣬵ʵᲢˡθ飬ҲҪչڽ̵ijԽ׼ðɫ¡[119]

ȻʷҪܿ飬޶˹Ϊԭ͸ܶڹĻȫĿվסŵġڽ̽빫ᣬҲӦųڽӰԡԵݲǾ̬ģ͸ĻʵĻDzϱġ[120] ԵҪ͸ĶԻϸųڽڴҲɵҪɫأʵϣǽֹڽڹռᳫϳߵļֵۣ粩룩Ƿֻ塢Į̬ȸձأڿռ䲻ۺͷʡȻȻɵģǹԡ˵ĿЩĻ̵ִ̺ĸƶУDzҪĹռѴӰĽֻʹʷҪľԴ ڽ̴ͳĶԪ壬Ҫһؽ [121]ǶȿҺͬжϣֻ̨ԪѧĻһڽ˰ѧԼڽ̵ĴѧɹѡڱԪɵУҪܺ͹ͬڽȥѧĻĽ裬ǶɱⷽĿռ䣬вڽɵĶԪϣ˲ҪѧϰľǰȸȾijЩߵİ



ĴڽĶᳫһֲɵڽ̡ȻʹźǣijЩڽ̵ĵӣʹųڽ̵Ĺɫϣһְڽ̵壬ɵڽҲǿڽ̵Ĺɫڽ˽˻ȫǻ£ijЩҪͽ˵ڽҪǴ;꣬עʹΥҲһֶ顣ԶIJ꣬˶һĹޣҲһ֮١ǷһҪйӰҪأDzβĻУǺܶͬɣڽʼк˽˵ȣǼΪҪģϾܶ׷ѰģֻǿֶȻҲӦְ˽빫ָ

ҲҪ̺һִԶĶԪɣڽͳһеһȥˣĽǶҲûôġķֻܱɺڽɣСкܺõ֤[122]ڽ̽ԭֿԭڽΣյġ[123]ڽ̲Ӧľ˻죬ΪһڽпܱҪ󰮶ҪãӶξס[124] ЩDzġ

Ȼ֮൱Ի˵Ľṹ̷ֻ룬京Ͳֻǽ̻ҵķ룬ڽķ롣[125] ΪѧȲ˵κ⣬ҲʵĽ[126] ҶԴбҲͬӦԵ˽⡰̷롱˵úã̷롱ﲢûܷһĵһ˵᲻ƶȷڽ̵ķɡȻζšҲδζڽûȤУʹ˶ԣ˼ȻҲ˵ڽκɡ[127] ܡ̶Ǹõ˵ΪҲԽܽӰ졣ĹԷչΪһšµסڽ̡ʱڽDzܲģƺһʧȥ塣Щ£ڽ̵ijЩжܻǣΡοڽ̵ҪɫڹаݣҲǾԵġܶʱʵĽҪֵµĵЩڽ̶һûа [128]

ڽҵƽ⣬һ治ȫ˽˻һҲ׷ڽ̰ȨΪɵ޻̻˵ⲻǺܴ󣩣ʵǸѶȶDzñۣڽⷽѧϰŸոտʼ20ĩǿڽⷽһ󲽣21͵ҪĹɫ


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[1] ʣ̺鬡㡢࣬ô塷̨ɽ1999ҳ215
[2] ͬϣҳ217
[3] 󺣹⣬̺鬡㡢࣬ô塷ҳ227
[4] ǵ?⿨˹գţ޶˹1999ҳ83
[5] ڵֱ򹲺͵֧ͨͳѡ벼̶ܴ֮ȾֳӪĶݡ

[6] ⿨˹أ޶˹ҳ106
[7] Will Kymlicka,Liberal Individualismn and Liberal Neutrality,in Shlomo Avineri and Avner de-Shalit, eds., Communicationism and Iduividualism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), p.165.

[8] ӳDzܵģòͬƵĸоһЩһЩô
[9] Kymlicka,Liberal Individualism and Liberal Neutrality,p.169.
[10] Ronald Dworkin, A Matter of Principle (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard Universuty Press, 1985), p.191.

[11] ݵϣȺе塵ȱ࣬Ⱥ۴Ե41998ҳ55
[12] ģڽִȻ˥׻۵˼纺ѧѧ19987£ھڣҳ225268
[13] Gilles Kepel, The Revenge of God: The Resurgence of Islam, Christianity and Judaism in the Mordern World (Cambridge: Polity, 1994).
[14] Jose Casanova, Public Religions in The Modern World (Chicago: Unicersity of Chicago Press,1994), p.56.
[15] Kepel, The Revenge of God, p.119120. ʱѡ˿ҲǿԼĻͽڽ̵Ӱɼһߡ
[16] Ralph Reed, Active Faith: How Christians are Changing the Soul of American Politics (New York: Free, 1996).
[17] R.N.BellahڽṲ͹ԡһѧѧ1997ŵڣҳ934
[18] John Rawls,Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics.Philosophical Review 60 (1951) :195John Rwals, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard Universuty Press, 1971), p.215.
[19] Rawls, A theory of Justice, p.19.
[20] Rawls, A theory of Justice, p.247.
[21] Լ޶˹Թ̽عྩѧ硢ִ࣬ѧ2000꣩ҳ6566ע75
[22] Rawls, A theory of Justice, p.554غΪӡ
[23] Richard Rorty,The Priorty of Democracy to Philosophy,in The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom: Its Evolution and Consequences in History, ed. Merill D.Peterson, and Robert C. Vaughan (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard Universuty Press, 1988), p.257282.
[24] Ibid, p.263.
[25] Ibid, p.264.
[26] Ibid, p.265.
[27] Ibid, p.272.

[28] Ibid, p.273.
[29] Richard Rorty,Religion as Conversation-Stopper,Common Knowledge 3, no.1 (1994): 2. ڵĹ˹HabermasҲƵĿݲΪѧҾͳһصڽ̴ΪϵһֳľԴڣи߶ȨΥšƽ̸ȾҲ޷Իʽ롮򡯡ˣ̻ҲãѧҲãڽ̻ģ񡮹򡯡˹ڽ̹۵ݱ䡵磭ѧѧ1996ŵڣҳ209ңڽͬڹʱͼΪЩͳȨʽڽ˶ԹۺǷյģڽΪĵȻҲۺ۱롣ҳ213ȻڡִԵѧУ˹Դڽɳ׵ķתůУֱ޵ͬ⣬ˡѧ˼롷֮л֮ʣʱ򷢱һϵͱɻĿ϶ڽ֮ȷΪĻ顣ҳ216
[30] Rwals, John ,Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory,Journal of Philosophy 77 (1980): 515572John Rwals,Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical,Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1985): 223251
[31] John Rwals, Political Liberalism (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993).
[32] Լ޶˹塷ۼһ࣬͡Ļ빫ԡ1998ҳ242
[33] ʯԪ̨ۡ1995ҳ148
[34] ޶˹塷ۼһҳ248
[35] ޶˹Թ̽ҳ34
[36] ͬϣҳ78
[37] ͬϣҳ23
[38] Rawls, John ,The basic Liberties and Their Priority,in Stereling M. McMurrin, ed., Liberty, Equality, and Law: Selected Tanner Lectures on Moral Philosophy (Salt Lake City: Uinversity of Uath Press, 1987), p.8.
[39] Ibid, p.4
[40] ޶˹Թ̽ҳ5
[41] ͬϣҳ20
[42] ͬϣҳ2
[43] ͬϣҳ3
[44] ͬϣҳ21
[45] ͬϣҳ42
[46] ͬϣҳ13
[47] Robert Audi and Nicholas Wolterstorff, Religion in the public square: The Place of Religious Convicitions in Political Debate (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997),p 123.
[48] µΪ£ʷͳƺȨĻƣӵй̻ǿģⲻ硣Robert Audi, Religious Commitment and Secular Reason (Cambridge, CambridgeUniversuty Press, 2000), p37.Ҷ⿴Ӣнƽ̻ᣨƣûУʾӢûôûôҸ˸еȶƽ⡣µϵĽ·ַʷأǷֻһõأǽڲͬʷʱ£вͬı﷽ͬأ
[49] Audi, Religious Commitment and Secular Reason, p32-33.
[50] Audi and Wolterstorff, Religious in the Public Square, p138.
[51] Ibid,p16-17.ͽѧҸûأKent GreenawaltҲ˵ĿΪɵķӦһЩ׵ĿꡱGreenwalt 1988, 20-21֤ҲӦй㷺ʶģ57ЩڵƣǽһЩ⣬̥ȨȣЩ£͵ιְǵڽʵ޿ɺǵģҲûΥľ񡣲ͽԲӦڹڳϹĴǵڽ217
[52] George Grant, 1994."Trial and Error: The ACLU and Religious Expression."The Real Issue, vol.13, no.2 (March/April 1994).
[53] Linda. Greenhouse, "Student Prayers Must Be Private, Court Reaffirms."New York Times, June 20, 2000.
[54] Paul G.Kussrow and Loren Vannest, " Can Public Schools BE Religiously Neutral?' Leadship University, http;//www.leaderu.com/humanities/neutral.html,1998.
[55] ӷͬȥ˶ҪȡĿꡣϸ֤޳ⷨΥȨģǷǡֱȨͬ˼ۣ磬2000¡
[56] David. Neff, "Judging the Justices." Christianity Today, December 9, 1996, pp.14-15.
[57] Mitchell S. Muncy, ed , The End of Democracy? Dallas: Spence Publishing Co.1997.)
[58] Robert.Bork,Our Judicial Oligarchy. In Muncy (1997), The end of Democracy? pp.11.
[59] Russell.Hittinger, A Crisis of Legitimacy. In Muncy, ed. ,The end of Democracy? p.11.
[60] Ibid, p. 25.
[61] Hittinger, Russell,A Crisis of Legitimacy, In Muncy, ed., The End of Democracy? pp.1829.
[62] Taylor, Charles,Living with Difference, In Anita L. Allen and Milton C. Regan, eds., Debating Democracys Discontent: Essays on American politics, Law, and Public Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 212226.
[63] 飬ڽѧĿ꡵ʱ̳20001210գ693ڡ
[64] ģǷǡֱȨͬ˼¡

[65] Audi, Religious Commitment and Secular Reason, p. 34.
[66] Elshtain, Jean Bethke,The Bright Line: Liberalism and Religion, In Hilton Kramer and Roger Kimball, eds., The Betrayal of Liberalism: How the Disciples of Freedom and Equality Helped Foster the Illiberal Politics of Coercion and Control (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee), p. 139140. ޶˹ڽܷʱôΪ֤̺һĿ¡Rawls, John, Collected Papers. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press,1999), p621.
[67] Wolterstorff, Nicholas,Why We Should Reject What Liberalism Tells Us about Speaking and Acting in Public for Religious Reasons,In Weithman ed., Religion and Contemporary Liberalism (Notre Dame, I.N.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997), p. 167.
[68] Wuthnow, Robert, The Struggle for America's Soul: Evangelicals, Liberals, and Secularism (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1989), p. 44.
[69] Elshtain, The Bright Line: Liberalism and Religion,p. 149.
[70] Bellah, R. N. ڽṲ͹ԡҳ24

[71] Weigel, George, The Final Revolution: The Resistance Church and the Collapse of Communism (Oxford University Press, 1992).
[72] Colson, Charles, Kingdoms in Conflict (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1987), p. 47ff.
[73] Reed, Ralph, Active Faith: How Christians are Changing the Soul of American Politics (New York: Free, 1996), p. 57.
[74] Ibid, p. 61.
[75] ֵమɽӡ˹ˡ̨У԰1997Colson, Kingdoms in Conflict, ch. 8ϳūľ飬Sandeen, Ernest R., ed. The Bible and Social Reform ( Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Fortress, 1982), ch. 11.
[76] Sandel, Michael J., Democracy's Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy (Cambridge, Masachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996); Sandel, Michael J., Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, 2nd edn. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
[77] ģȺ֮ڶѧ2001һС
[78] Rawls, A Theory of Justice, p. 332.
[79] Thiemann, Ronald F., Religion in Public Life: A Dilemma for Democracy (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1996), p. 79.
[80] ʯԪۡҳ171172
[81] ޶˹Թ̽ҳ36
[82] Rawls, Political Liberalism, p. 243244, n. 32.
[83] Mulhall, Stephen, and Adam Swift, Liberals and Communitarians, 2nd edn. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996), p. 239.
[84] ͬϣҳ175
[85] Weithman, Paul J,Rawlsian Liberalism and the Privatization of Religion, Journal of Religious Ethics 22, no. 1 (1994): 15.
[86] Hollenbach, David,Public Reason/Private Religion?-A Response to Paul J. Weithman,Journal of Religious Ethics 22, no. 1 (1994): 42.
[87] Hollenbach, David,Religion and Political Life,Theological Studies 52: (1991): 101.
[88] ޶˹Թ̽ҳ63ע64
[89] Audi and Wolterstorff, Religion in the Public Square, p. 163.
[90] Thiemann, Religion in Public Life, p. 10.
[91] Lewy, Guenter, Why America Needs Religion: Secular Modernity and its Discontents (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1996), p. 89.
[92] ͬϣҳ910
[93] Lecky, History of European Morals from Augustus to Charlemagne, vol. 2 (New York: George Braziller, 1955), p. 85.
[94] ιģԵ˼ йѧоԺڪ19971ºţڶʮڣҳ5995
[95] Hollenbach, David,Religion and Political Life,Theological Studies 52 (1991): 103.
[96] Hollenbach,Religion and Political Life,p. 104.
[97] µϵȻDz֪Щ⣬һɵҪ󣬵Ϊĵ֪ʶ۲һ൱ɵֱ壬Զԣ֤жϲǺѣбһΪǴʱӵзһɣ㲢Ҫһɣһǰᣩ֧жϩڽ̻׵ġAudi and Wolterstorff, 173174׼ܶԴڽ̵ĵж϶ɰװɵֱǰµϲųģ۵ĹЧ΢΢ġ
[98] Thiemann, Ronald F., Religion in Public Life: A Dilemma for Democracy, (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1996). p. 126, 131
[99] Audi and Wolterstorff, Religion in the Public Square, p. 157.
[100] Rawls, John. Collected Papers (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press,1999), p. 619.
[101] ѧΪ޶˹ġΪƽĹ۵ǰģΪܶڽԵƸ٣硰˲ӦȡԼȨ͡ҪΪһСȹ۵㡣Fern, Richard L. 1987. Religious Belief in a Rawlsian Society.Journal of Religious Ethics 15, no. l [1987]: 3358.
[102] Audi and Wolterstorff, Religion in the Public Square, p. 154155.
[103] Ibid, p. 156.
[104] ޶˹Թ̽ҳ7
[105] Thiemann, Religion in Public Life, p. 135.
[106] Ibid, p. 156.
[107] Wuthnow, The Struggle for America's Soul, p. 107.
[108] Thiemann, Religion in Public Life, p. 113.
[109] Hollenbach, David,Religion and Political Life,Theological Studies 52 (1991): 105
[110] Thiemann, Religion in Public Life, p. 153.
[111] ֮ڽɽ硪ѧѧ1994ģŵһڣҳ289
[112] ͬϣҳ290
[113] ڽµά۵㣬ҲһЩֵ֧ѧоLewy, Why America Needs Religion, ch. 5.
[114] BellahڽṲ͹ԡҳ2627
[115] ͬϣҳ27
[116] ޶˹̽ҳ4
[117] Casanova, Public Religions in the Modern World, p. 43.
[118] Thiemann, Religion in Public Life, p. 87
[119] Ibid, p. 89.
[120] Hollenbach, David, Public Reason/Private Religion?-A Response to Paul J. Weithman , Journal of Regligious Ethics 22, no. 1 (1994): 45
[121] Elshtain, The Bright Line : Liberalism and Religion,p.150.
[122] С㣬 ڽɽִ۩ִִйۣţѧ磬1996ҳ409485
[123] ֮ڽɽҳ304
[124] ͬϣҳ301
[125] ͬϣҳ298
[126] ͬϣҳ304
[127] BellahڽṲ͹ԡҳ14
[128] Ҳ֮һͬ˵ģ仰ֻΪرǿһ棬΢Եÿ˶ѡҲܿ϶


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