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תѧй

̬漰ȻĹϵ漰˵Ĺϵ̬Ҳ⡣̬ѧIJ2070ȫ̬ǰͻԵĴ󱳾£ɫ̬˶һ˼ȫ̬񻯵Ľ죬̬ѧԽԽܵǵĹע̬ѧĺ֮㰲ҡ(Andre Gorz)̬ѧ̬Σ̬˶ʱԼҰ̬ϵһ𣬷̬˶¿Ƽ̺DZ̬ѧĽǶʱ壬Ŀԣγ̬ѧۡ

ȴȫӽǿ̬⣬̬ѧֻѧֶȥʵ̬ʵ壬̬ѧֻһųĴۿѧͬѧҲֻ̬ѧܸõطá̬ѧעضȻϵ֣̽ѧע˵Ĺϵķ̬ѧֻѧϲܶᡢȻ֮Ĺϵзʱе̬ΣָʱƶȺ̬֮߼ìܣʱ弼ԻƻãԼṹ룬ͼͨµƶȵĽʵȻij׽š

һʱľ̬໥ìܵ

ȷ˼ھúõ۶ϣ˼ѾΪᷢչĹ۵Ϊ˼߼Ϊ˼߼в塱ǿ˼ʱʽоǶԾԵУ˼徭ѧǶԾԵѧΪʱĺҪǾòϵĺԡڸȿ˼徭ѧھԵݲûйʱʱݽԽʾʵ塣ָ˼ھԵijʱĵͬʱ˵ȫȷģǰʱĴͳУǿɵؾ͹̶ʱԲáʱΪʹ乤һ޶ڣԷ󣬹ΪʱΪֹΪĶ㹻ˡ㹻Ͷ֮ƽ⡣㹻һ÷룬һĻ롣ಢǸá ˼ھԵԭ롰㡱ЧϡԽԽõԭϵһץסҪΪԵͻǼ㡣Էڼ㡭ΪԼѶΪгһ̿ʼԾͿʼˡĵǵλƷͶ˼Ͷ˵Ļĸܣ˵Ҹʹ࡭˼ȤͰá Ϊھ£ȻƷ֧䡱ͻˡ˾Сԭ򣬳СԽԽáԭ򡱡˼ھԵΣԵķԵоʾã˼ΪԵΣһʹ֮ĹϵɽǮϵʹȻ֮Ĺϵɹ߹ϵʹͶʧȥԡ˼ԾҪɨӾõĹ۵DzļֵĿֻ֮꣬ĽǮϵͽ׼ϵȻ֮Ĺ߹ϵΪʱ徭ԵĺͶǴԵġͶʧȥԡ Ȱ˼ƵĿ˷Եĵ·Ϊϡࡱ롰á֮ӣʹ١롰áһΪǷָδظã׬Խ࣬ѵԽδǸõֻбȹҪʱҲ˾ԵĽʶеļֵǿʶýǮ򵽵ĶǡǡҪ߿˵DZزٵĶʱгΪҲʹӸ϶ҡˡ Ϊ˼ѿ˷ʵͶϵһ˼·иɻԽԲζϾʱѹͶʱ䣬ҪʹͶΪһԵΪָҪ˷ʵĽţ˼ڿ˷Եлʾ

ΪΩһ͸嵱ʱ屾ʵľ˼徭ѧʱĿĵۡʱĿĽʹʱֵֻҪʱĿûб䣬Ϊ˽׼ȫĶԾͲ䡱߼˵Ҫ֮ìܡزʱ׷Ķ̬໥ͻģҵȻԴߺͶҪص壬Ϊ˻ȡ󣬡ʱ޶ȵؿȻԴͶʣʹԼΪǿߴгϡʱҵȹעIJʵȻ໥ƽ⡢˵໥ЭȷƷڹԼѡĿ꣬ʹͶø죻ǻСijɱ޶ȵĽֵݡʱ󶯻Ȼƻ̬ҲƻʱΣϾ̬Σʱ߼Dzϵ׷Ȼ۵ΣΣӾ磬ΣָԴȻԴѷ DzҪһЩʱҵҲӻԻ󣬳ҪDzѵ֮⣬ҪЩҵ֮ͼʱ巢չͼ̬ҵƷҵһͬӮ򣬡ʱҼʹ»Ҳ׬Ǯ ܵʱڲϽʱϵѰʱִ̬չӮ̬ҵȡͬʱܼͼѭĹҵƷӸ˵ֻչʱľԵķΧʹʱֵȴı䲻ʱƶȵĻ̬ķ˹壬Ӿ粻ƽȣ¸ƶƶȹʱת޺̬ΣлľǷdzԵġʱһ̶ϻ˱̬Σҵ̬ӶδֹͣǿʱгǰչйҲòĻԴʹ̬񻯡

ȿÿ˶һõĶûмֵɶ˲ܵ𾴡ҪȸٺãǮöҪǮٵ˺á ǵʱձļֵʱ徭ǵֵּµάƽȣ񡣡DZƽƶȴ̼ۺϹ̡ʱ徭DZƽģʱֹϡȱʱʹδҪҪʱھһͬʱµ󣬶ǰߵٶԶںߡȷҪ̬ҪıǵļֵһмֵĶ˶мֵġһûȨûһ˻ƶġԸ϶ֺͽٸԣҲҪ϶฻ԣͽٿֵ¹ΪʱһҪǵĴ󲿷ʱ䶼ͳԼǾҪĶϣ绯ױƷƷߡ˽С˽ӾصĺլȣЩҪѣԻĿռ䣬ЩʱײǣȰѿ븻ԣ񶨸ԣǿֵĻΪȨƶƬġ

ȴʱ徭Ե̬ԵĽǶʱ̬Σʱž̬ԵìܡΪʱ޷ìܣʱ߼޷̬ȫΣ̬޷ȡԣ̬˶Ҫչƾԣʱṹ޷ȫͷִԵDZܣԵΣʵѡԵġƬԣҵȷ׼ڽ̵ķԵݵΣ ̬ǻڶȻʶ̬ЧԱȣʶ˵ĻӦһ̬߽粢ԼӶ̬ΣͷչĿҪһøöͶٵᣬ̬׷̬󻯡ΪͶϵֵľ޷˸߲̬ƽ⣬ľùԴ̬Ȼб̬ԾٵͶʱԴͶ룬ȡܺõʽֶΣ޶ȵ߲ƷʹüֵǵҪ֮԰󻯽ЧʡѺ󻯵Ļϡֻͨ󻯵Ѻܻʱֵҵķչ˷ѵӾ硣̬۵ǶԴƻ˷ѣþ۹̬۵ǽڼĴʩþ۹ǹֵļ٣δܳԴ ʱĿ߼׷󻯺;Ч󻯣Ծܸߵ󻯵ЧܶƷۡ־ЧԴ̬󻯣ڸҵˮƽ϶󻯵׷Ӿ˷ѣҪѵ󻯣Ӷٽҵ֮ĻྺӿƷĸ£˵ѣΪԴ˷Ѻƻˣʱ徭̬໥ìܵġ

ȽҪ󾭼Է̬

ȳϾԵıҪԣҪ÷ΧšһΨͶΪһʱ˵תۣһĻȾøҪԡ(11) Ϊ̬ѡȽ塣ڿ˷ʱ׷̬ìܵĻϲģʹáᡢ̬չЭ־ЧʣҪʹԷ̬ԣڱ֤뷢չͬʱʵ̬ԵĿ꣬þٵͶʱԴϸʹüֵIJƷ(ʵõĺͲ𻵵ƷɳʹõĻڲʱķε)Ƕù㷺ļ干еķʩʱ𻵵ġĺ˷ԴƷ󽫻ʧΪ̬ܽͳһ׷󻯵ʱ徭̬ƻ컯Ͷϵջķ棬ʱ徭õIJΪ˱ıʱ徭ã̬ԭΪ淶ָûĻԭСʱ徭ÿƵķΧӲΪ÷Ͷʣʱ۵ij嶯ͨԼѣǵľôӲƷƵѺʵѭ̬ѧؽԴũҵ̬ѧؽϵķ̬ѧؽԻһͶʣʹͶʱΪܣǴ컯Ͷнų

֤ʱ塢̬ѧĹϵʱϵ˶δ̬Ļָ̬ؽִ̬ķչ·ȴʷչĽǶΣǰ;ָսеʤ˵ʱʤʱԵġֵijĶԺ͸졢ԼʱҲϲµijͻûиϣ̬ؽ̬ؽҪ󾭼Է̬ԡָڹҵ£һǰִ͵һԪĹDzܵģֺӸˡƷϵгǰᲢڡƻǰִȱ㣬йҵʱëֲ߱ߵijǰеҲǾԣ̬ԡֻҪھԣüƻгеڣ塣ִ塯ļƻᵱһܼлĹҵҪܻǵȫԻšҵǿ֯عܻԿֹܻǴΪСʲ׼͵ͼĸ塭ǶʱĻ񶨡(12) Ϊ̬Ŀչ˵ĻǿʵֵĿԡ̬һ־µԵִ̬ȫ淢չᣬµĿijʵʽĸ£̬ԵĻϱ֤ԣ徭ž˷ѡ̬ƻͶ컯ִ̬Ѿ̬Ժ϶Ϊһг߼پԺҵõķΧʹ֮ڷǶĻĿԼ˵ɷչøٵͶʱͶʣ˴컯ͶнųչþߵʹɻԼڼ̬ϿɳѡδʹͶΪΪԽ֮գҲʵ֮ʱδĸּҪԽŷԽԽáľԣ׷塣ͶͶƷĹϵ˶ȷĿĵ׷󡱣˵ͶɴͶԼ֯ġ˵ͶҪﵽǴͶĸ˵ĿġǻõȨͶȨδ׷ʿɶֹѣƽȣؽ֮ϵὫй˾кֵ֪ԭ򡱣Ὣṩһµʽٵõ

ھ2070ʱ±仯ر90Ĵ֮󣬸رע̬ĹϵȻĹϵĽǶ°ںӾ̬ԡ塣ڵȫͻԵĴ󱳾£ȵ̬ѧ˼ķ¼ȻĹϵ˼˼룬߶Ƚ̬ΣʵȻ໥Լ͸ͳһָʱƶ̬ΣĸԴ̬ΣʱĹ߼Ӧһ߼֮壬ʱij·壬ȻгչᡣɵʵֺȻʷͳһǸȵ̬ѧ档ָſƼչƼʱãص̬Σ·ǸıʽѣʹԴΪԴΪ̬Σȿ԰巽ֿ԰նʱ巽ؼʹԴúԴ漰̬⣬Ҳ漰⡣ȰִΪ֣һʱ߼Ϊ־ĸ߶ȼеĺ˼¾ȨڶȻĿƣжúͼǿʱž޴İȫΣ(Աƻ͵ԷԭϣֲϮ)ΣһǺҵȨɢļڸ֮ԼȻĺϣ˺ȻĹɣչ⡢ϫȿԴڴڵĿƶ̬DZڵķʱˣDZ֮ѡһǽڶõļϵᡪǿ˶˺ȻͳΣһǽļϵᡪٽ˸ԼȻЭ(13) ѡǺߣΪҵᡱźҵ̬ӦǽչġֿԴ벻ԴžʹǰߣȫȷġѺ˼ͬڶãӦÿԴļͬƬԡ

ҵ塱ǸȽúҵ̬ѧ۶һֺҵۻа巽ΪΪ˱̬ѣֹͣڼʹúѭʹȻԴɵĴϵʹѸٵصκεطȥɴ˽ĿȾһļΪܹȫ˷ʱʽۺ֢ٽԼȻЭչᡣһ˫Ԫᡱ롪طɡȻĶԣΪ֧иȵλ֧֤˺ıƷٵԴʵߵЧʣ֤г֮ػɺԼȤȥDZƷ·ʵķ޶ȵطӸ˵Ժʹԡ˲ԹߣǻIJߣʵԼĴԵͬʱҲǰδеɡ⣬ȻѹΪ˶Ŀꡣ

ȡ͹ս

ȡ͹սԣսԲԶȡȨΪֱĿ꣬Ŵӹ˵ĹʼͨϷĶ𲽲̵ĹͿƣʵֹ˵ҹﵽε塣ȸݵڶս󷨹ͽ׼ṹ±仯ԡ¹˽׼Ϊ˼׼۵ͻƵ㣬Ϯ˽׼Ļ·һǿ˽׼ijɷֱ˼Ǹʱ˺ܴչ˼ԭ˵޲׼ʧˣ¹˽׼ѾһΪܰѿƼͶҲ빤˽׼УΪƼͶĿѧʱŲɷָϵǿƼͶͶߵڡʱ塱ҪѲǾðͶдԵ컯ڵʱ塱֯ʱ塱£żķչԶ̶ȵߡʱṹı仯а칤˵λͻԣһרҡԱʦʦѧѧߡżߡƲԱɵмײײΪ¹˽׼족ײ㶼¹˽׼ȦӣΪͶı仯Դ¸߼ְҵרҵԱΪġв׼¹˽׼¹˽׼ʵʩ͹սԵȷӺҪڡ¹˽׼ܹнҪĵIJн𣬲ͳĹ˹ĵǹʡԽƶĻϣһһڣҲ֮ʧ¹˽׼Ķѷǿ˷컯룬׷Ͷʹԡ¹˽׼п˷컯ҪͨҵṹĸԼĿ֮£ȨʷתƵԼУԡв׼Ϊġ˶Ծغ;عʱľԵͳΡڸȿʵ塱ʧܲɱ⣬Σ֧ʷĹ˽׼ѾʧԴڶԣͶڶͶ϶Ѿǵ㣬֧нġԵĹӶͶֻռǵٲʱ䣬֧нġΪǷԵķǹӶͶӣеͶݺͽ׼ԵĸԴרҵԱͬǹߣͬʱɵԼܱͬ컯ˡ·籩󣬸Ϊ206070ŮȨ˶ӦںҵзȷãרҵԱѲٱ˽׼µĹ˽׼ֳ칤˸Ϊͳġְҵϵļȵ漯ŵԽУܷȷáʶѧԽԽٵͶԽԽIJƸƼڱ컯ͬʱȴ컯ƼΪʱ߼Ĵٽߺʱʶ̬㡰족ʱ壬ǵʶ̬ʱģǼȲ޲׼ҲΪ޲׼Ϊ˷ֹԼ޲׼췴ǷԵȨIJֻȫɥʧǵĶʶǷ¢϶Ƿʱ塱(14)ͻ˾оԣȷе˵ԾЧʹصľΪҪ(15) Ϊ˿˷컯Ӧѹ(Ȩķɢ͹)涨ΪεĿꡣ

Ȱʵʩ͹սԳΪṹĸսԣΪʲ׼רԵ(ΡáĻѸ)ʱרڶԲƸͷʵУͬȵʽģԼͶ˼άĻʽʵУҲӦԵĸ(ʽģԼͶ˼άʽ)ʲ׼Եר˵ʵʱ컯нųֱӾʶƶDZʱƶȸƶȣʱƶڲнṹĸ¹˽׼ɸҵеĸɣûҵְҵĽޣȡڹؼźİչʽӰȫ֣ȫȤԹҵͶΪĻء˵Ķĵطʼӿ˷е컯֣ʹ̵ҪӺӦ˵ҪƾӪרȨķΧһĹ˷ȨԱܶҵʱľƶγսͻ⡣ΪҵͶֱͨ쵼ȨĵطЩطֱӵؾʲ׼רӵϴλֱӾ飻˲ΪһšһļڡͨͶȡĶֱ鵽ݺ壬γʶȻжѡ壬ҹʱĵȼơǿͶ̵һȨѹ˵ĹҪ󡢿ҪԼͶҾҪ󲻿ɷָͳһȷھͶ͹ʹģȷȨʹܶҵ(չ)ʱҵȨսлĿ⣬ʹҵ(Ͷֹ֯)Ȩڹ˽׼ṹĸսڳʱƶȺϷԵĻϽУʱƶڲкϷЭ𲽸ĸġ־ýķʽԼȨȨеĻһ㡢һظʱƶȣ𲽴ﵽԼĿꡪµĺ塣

ȵĽṹĸսӸãΪĸԻ㣬ЩҪĸƣ쵼죬ֻȺڶʵĽѹʧģѹûᵽɵĻ֣ͻһµūƻר״̬֮С·籩󣬸ܽ˹˶ľѵһչ͹սۣóˡûһ˶ͲκθûһͲκγ־õĸ˶Ľۣͻ˸˶áΪ۽ʶ̬ۺϡ쵼ȡȨ͸ҵĹܡ˵ĸΪ޲׼ȷӵĹһȺԵĸһĸֻ֯б¶Ⱥ鵽֯Ҫ֮ܽ

ȵ͹սǸݵʱʵ״Թ˽׼嶷սԽл̽вء͹սԵڳԽִᣬʵ˵ǰһŬ͹սԵͶԶΣʵκܽΪȺڵλֱӶƬεľ飻͹սԱȱֶζȡȨʺڵᣬΪܡȵ͹սҲԵؾƬԺȱݣиʡ͹սԾͶ˽вƲ⣬ͿʡǿĽԺͲԣǿԺϷЭƽĸ񶨸ʱ䣬ҲƬԡǿȡȨץסҪȨڹҵͶľȨȨָĸTɹҲܴӸϸı͹ĵλˡǿãΪֻDZ֤ʲ׼ҵĶݻ͹ɫʡȶǰģʽȡȫ񶨵̬ȣûпǰȡõľͳɾͣΪִʱƵļȨ壬һֽ

οס

[1]Gorz, Andre, 1989, Critique of Economic Reason, London and New York: Verso.

[2]Gorz, Andre, 1980, Ecology as Politics, Boston: South End Press.

[3]Gorz, Andre, 1994, Capitalism, Socialism Ecology, London and New York: Verso.

[4]Gorz, Ander, 1978, Critique of the Labor Division, London and New York: Verso.

[5]Gorz, Ander, 1967, Le Socialisme Difficile, Seuil.

עͣ

Gorz, Andre, 1989, pp. 111112.

Gorz, Andre, 1989, pp. 109110.

ͬϣpp. 1920

ͬϣp. 116

Gorz, Andre, 1980, p. 5.

Gorz, Andre, 1989, pp. 2027.

Gorz, Andre, 1980, p. 6.

Gorz, Andre, 1989, p. 113.

ͬϣp. 1

Gorz, Andre, 1994, pp. 3233.

(11)Gorz, Andre, 1989, p. 183.

(12)Gorz Andre, 1994, pp. 3839.

(13)Gorz, Andre, 1980, p. 120.

(14)Gorz, Andre, 1978, pp. 178179.

(15)Gorz, Andre, 1989, pp. 23.

ԭءѧ2007.2