ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 


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͵6070ڷչѧԿǺṹڲһͼͼ϶\"ı\"--[1]̸һ\"Էѧı仯\"--ĶԴͳṹѧһ룺ѧʹ֮㻯ҪһĶҪij嶯ѹ֡۵Լ֮ѧιԵʢеұأ϶һԷִĿй⼴19685¼ǣDZڵĸıըĸﲢ5췴սΨһʽ5췴սΪһϵͳϵͳۣϵͳ60ڵĽṹ -- ṹij߼չȡںͷȨļϵ˵ȨΪ\"ָ߼ά\"[2]DZ˴˻వָ͵Ƚ˵ҡʶ֮ԲΪǶȶơһֽҪһǿʩƵȨۣΪûЩǵ˼뷢չģͱѹ֣еĻᱻ𺦣[3]Ӧأһ־мͼȨۣҪȨƻѹֽнͣΪûһֽͣȨϵͲ˷ԵˡЪ70ڼ60ļΪķ۹עתˣʼչһṹѷҪȨۡȻ70ڼȨĹע򵥵ΪȺչѧǴġȷʵͨ´йȨձۣǣķʽͬѧҵ£˼ֲڸ߶ȸ˻ʷҰҰרעڴͳִҵı仯ʱִе֯ʽ֪ʶʽйȨʵ۲ֻҪҰᄈоͿɱ⡣ȷʵ˵³֮Ժϸ²ִʷһԣԼԱ̵ִ̬ȵԢԺԣʱֲͨDzۺѧŹġˣԸʷ۵˼ͼȨͶԣһԵԤ򡣸¶ִԵʷ͸´ӿʼ֮ʣЩʱ֮ʱΪԣ͹עĿƻƺ͹ԤƵij֡ź͹̡ЩƻΪ\"ʦȨ\"[4]һڡ\"\"һб䷽ʽΪºڵڶ۶˵ӡһУ17ŷ޵ǿͶҽԺƵij֡±ЩƱ־ŹҺ͹Ĺϵʵı仯񲡢ƶʧҵɥʧͶһαǹڵ⡣ûзϽյľάȣͨͺʧҵʱڼѹһִʩǣĵΪܲƸıߺߵµĹҸЧĵֹҸԺַʽͶڵͬʻ͵»ཻ֯»עµ\"Ͷʶ\"֮䷢ìܵľýɫΪʲ׼ΰ͹ŵʱΰרעҷɺ鷨ͬһġ[5]ԴյֽΪ18ĩڳֵĶԴӵ\"ʴ\"̬ṩģʽͼ˵ԺĿźƤڶԱضķӵĽŶ\"޴ĵ¼\"[6];֮ǰпĽոΪѹ֣ΪǶǶӰ졣°ʾ˵ ִĹʩ͸ʽͬǰι̵ʽܲɷ֡

رʷʽһڽһձԵʷ۶ŨΪһضij֡ڸ½ʷУ һøΪԣĿٴҽѧĵͱֳȻͬʱ¶ԷʱйǡҽѧʽҽѧλıķԼ֮ߵرִԽв͵Ĺ㷺ٴҽѧĵһ˼۵һģڵʱ£ʲ׼ҽɫԵά˽˷򣬺߱ûṩӦһֹ֤۵㣬ʱΪгĹѷϵӸԤȻǣһʼ𣬸Ԥƾִҵ˵屾ӦҪҽѧһȫǹԵĶɵλǣ־巨򱻼彡ҪܣһҪڴ֮ǰڽʼҽѧʱѱʶˣҽѧĹ\"Ϊһ֪ʶĵ㣬Ǽ¼ҽѧȨ\"[7]۵㿴\"ٴҽѧĵ\"ԽͳijҽѧƵҪҽѧʹȫ񽡿Ĺ۲ԿܣһЭҽѧ\"һķ򣬶ּȲŴļṹֲʹʱڵĹҿʽС\"[8]Ȿĸᵽ\"ҽѧ\"DZһ͵ġϰĹ۲ʽγɵģֹ۲ʽʹסԺԱߵҽпͬڹҲϽͽϵཻ֯ˣܸڴ˹עʧǵ»ңٴҽѧĵˡѾĹ۵㣬Ϳнļල͸Ԥֱ֮ӵ֧ϵнųľöԣִΪ ڸ½顶򡷺֪͡ʶѧУִʽγɣµһע㼸ûг֡µעȫתѧڽṹ\"Ŀѧ\"ţЩԴͬЩʽ໥ơⷽ棬˵60ͬΪһĽṹ屣һ¡ƫеηʽڡٴҽѧĵǰԣ¾ \"дΪһҽѧʽһҽѧʽҲǷҽѧƫһҽѧȱʧͬҵƷһһֽṹооִܼĻʷ\"[9]ƻƵ685·籩һµֱԺ͸¶Լܺͽճijڹע֮һԵصˣܸͬṹصԺһδⳡ籩ֱãԣʮڵת۵ϵԼһҪۼһԼ򵥵⡣[10]70ڣ»Ծڼɵıۺ͸ԤУӰǣ1971걻Ѻɿʼʳ֮󣬸²봴˼ϢС飨GIP1975꣬ǰһζԡѵͷʽ۹ʵִγɵʷ

ѵͷһʷηʼڡ͡ٴҽѧԺĵ60ڽṹڼ䱻ֵطˡͬǰļһⱾҲ֯IJ۽һضƵij֡ȻҲⱾУ˲ʼIJȨۣҲͺ60˾롣ȨʹΪֹΪϵͳزĹ۵㣬֯ʽͳιϵתһֹ۵㡣ת˹Ŵ19͵ĺıǨһ̵ּĹʽתΪ\"˻ĵĵߵ\"[11]±ڷ⽨Ͷ£Ķ㣬˻ҪġȨԵڹϣȻУγ\"һֶѶɢϵͳϵͳУûʲôܵϸ΢\"[12]£ĹԾûȫͬʥĹֿԳͷȡʽʽͼ\"\"ˣDZͻָƻķɵʥԡѵͷһʼ߱ߴװ̵¡صرһԭ򡣸±һֳͷʽʾݻ޺޿ɱȨȻִУͷֶγΪԵġǸԵļܺ͸ϵͳһ֣ϵͳעԣҪע\"\"ΪҪͼ˳ͷ֮⽨ȨĺģġִУȨЧӦ\"һϸ΢ִͨ˸˱ִǵ塢ǵ̬ǵȫճΪ\"[13] Ŀ󣬸ص۹⡣ڶԻμУ\"Ȩ\"ı仯μDZڽӽ18ĩʱƵĽǸʵΧεزŵ˼Щ˼ᴩŽȣʹΨһڴҵĹ¿Ա׽һʹмڵһΨһ۲ߵԼලڶ෸ˣЩ˱жͬ˵ĺϵңΪЩӾܲͬʱȫع۲ÿһܴⱻһġڵļЧ͵õˡΪûһܹȷǷڱۿΪ־ЩֻܵþԼΪ μʹһµġӸ϶ԸΪЧȨʵʩԿܣ\"ֻͨͼζκε\"[14]縣ڡѵͷᵽ\"ڻμʽ ޴ڵĿ\"[15]ʱģμͼǽijȨʵʽŨˡѵͷ۶ϣһɿǶƵִʽַܽǸԡһֱĻȨIJЧʵͬ»ȡһϵִеȨΪǶԱƵġĺҼܵĶºͷ˸ѧɡ

縣±ᵽģͬʷѧijЩdzӽĿڷ˸ѧҵ[16]û񸣿ֱע⵽ִĹϵͳע⵽ضƵIJǣ۵Ի˺ĬͰŵ˼Ϊ\"\"ʱڣ䵱δڶ˹УصΪִʱԵƿܵϵתˣΤӰ£ʱ徭ýͳֶ-ĿĺԵԷʽⲻʹͶȻ֧ǰδеһǰδе˶˵ĿƣͨݣӦơΤ\"Ի\"۹У֪ṹпִܵƲʽʱҵϵͳԵ׷֪ṹ𽥵شֲDzdz\"½\"ͷų淶ԡ塢ֹ㶼תһ\"\"Ϊ汻ӦΪϵڻ˺ĬͰŵ˼УЩݱתΪһ硡ʷԵﻯ̡УơҪŬȻѹȨлöԣҲҪԷıӦѹ֡ﻯ̵ĽһնġӦԣΪȻɥʧԡ

ѾֵĶȨʵijͬ¶ԴͳִıǨĻǾͿԵõõ⡣ͬΤ-˸ѧһȽϾڿ϶һ㣬Ϊʾ˸¸ʷضȨԡ70ǿԷԵȨУ֤˵\"Ӧ׷÷񶨴ȨЧӦ磬\'ų\'\'ѹ\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\'ȡ\'ʵϣȨʵʽ\"[17]ۼǺָܿģһ۲˵ڶԵȨʵЩǸ±ڱijᵽġ[18]Ȼ²Ǽ򵥵ȨΤִƲƺʱͶ̵֯ЩĿԵЧʣôµ۶ϾǿԽܵġͬһٷȨǼ˵۵㣬ΤԴ\"˹\"ʹͳ\"Ρ\"ͳʽתIJͣҲͿˣִᣬȨ˵Ӣºͨݳķ˸񻯵ĹʵġڡѵͷĿʼ½һ׳۵Ĺͷ\"그\"ʱӶǿֱ仯ִʽԵĹעҲڽ͸¶Խ׼ͳεĺӣԼȨȨ\"һУ˶ˣЩȨʵʩߺȨ߶\"[19]Τԣͬضھ䷨˸ѧɶԣԺĿµʽԼǶԸŦĮԸԺԷԵļѹ֮ʱеĽ׼ѹȶԣ̵رֳɵв

ܲɵǣͼʹʷչҲΤͷ˸ѧɵĹעġۻǣ·Ŀܣ70ֿɵ\"ϵѧ\"ųһʮֲͬѧ빹ɵġЩ켯ȫͬϣΪִѧУĹܺ͵λ۵ȷɺͳιݡھ䷨˸ѧ˼УһԷ嶯ܰԹƶµͬһ壬һ¼һұ汾ܵıȻвʽֵIJȻҪȻʱ£ԵһĿģдﵽ˸߷壺\"ɰȫϵеĵͣн飬һαΪԭԵĶ Ǹ֣ͬǿļб˴˸롣\"[20]Ȼıֱ֤֤У\"ҪرΧΪǿϵҲǿ͹۵\"[21]ۻϸܾһۣԱΪһͳԭӦѹƺͶЩ£ͬһԵγ˿϶ʹͬһԾǿԣȻЩֲͨ򵥵طͬһԱ˷ڼijƪУŵĶߣ\"幹ǰ޲ĹηäĿȻ֮֮\"\"屻Ըߵʽõôǵˡ\"[22]԰ŵԣҪҪԽͬһԵıһģʽԱŷ˼Ե壬ʽٶԻҶij嶯е⡣ȻŵĻѧ˼ʹ޷ϲת䣺һгδûͳεIJԹңûͬһԵ׺͹ֻͨ\"ͬһ˼\"Ķ̽ſܱ

ڹ˹ĵУ ䷨˸ѧɵıֲ֤ٱΪDzɱġֹֽڻ˺ĬͰŵûȫִͬʶѧԤѡ˹ ӵѿ·չĻʶ۸ûгĹȻڴ˹ŵɳȵлֺͺڸĿ͹ΨУ ֹ۵ֻһݳ޵ʽ[23]˹ͬڷ˸ѧɵľһִ۵㣺Ϳ͹۵֪͹߹ϵԼ֮ʽЩִѧĹע㣬ӦǶ뵽㷺ĽеĶֽڶԻĻԣӦԱ໥ЭжԲܱʵõػԭұȦеһҪأ֪ΪЧԵĺֻͨԵıۺͼܵȷ[24]⣬˹ʶѧΪ㷺Խѧתʹܹ֤֪֮߹ϵĿ֮⣬һЩʽͬԵ֪άأһάȱԸΪƵǰ̨ÿΪҲһĺһά˵֮佨һֹϵʾ˵ߵͼЩ\"ģʽ\"\"涨\"\"Ե\"ΪҲͻֳγ˹˹֮\"ʵ\"\"ѧʵ\"͵ĻԸʾпǡĹ淶ijʵЩҪЩҪ֪ͬҪһܽ⻯ں˹ϽԵжϲֻͨͨԳĻΪĹ۲ȡá[25]

ۣ˹ԹԵҪԽгϵУ ͬʱҪ˺ĬͰŵΪԺͳβһͬԲת硡ʷﻯ̵ĶﻯԴӦʱִ֮ǰǰʷȥѰҡ˹ָ˺ĬͰŵʧûԻʱִԽ̵ⲡʽֲʽûн׼ջӦֲڶ̬Ľ׼ͻС[26]˹\"Ի\"һ̣֪ǡ淶ʵԵҪڽ̵ĺζѧ۵Ľṹб˴˽֯ڲϵطֳԵļֵ򣺿ѧºǶȳ˺ĬͰŵǴΪԵķͳܼ򵥵عһʵִʱڣ֪ԺЧΪٺ͵¡ѧǽ֯˺ĬͰŵ\"ԵĿ\"ú͹ƸõΪԻ\"ֳ\"ú͹ƱĹֻԻĻϳ֣谭ĽDZܵչͬŵԺгҵȼ\"гطĿ϶\"[27]Ĺ۵˹ָұͼԵҾĿԣЩԲĹٻǵĻִС

˹Ȼذһͬ˺ĬͰŵȻͬйִ̬ȡھ䷨˸ѧ˼Уʱڽ׶α򿪵ĸκͳռҲرˡҵʱ\"Թζѧɶɸۺ\"[28]ô׷˽Ϊ߼͵˶߼ĸԵļȨȻԹ˹ԣĿԴӴͳ׼ᄈнųԼ\"׼\"геı֣Ǻͳ֪ṹұһάȡ˹תΪһ壬\"ɫͬһ\"תΪ\"ͬһ\"˹ͬһһָͬһʽָͬһԲȡڴĻͳǷ˼Եؼ̳ݣ Ǹݶмۻijȷģֳڻȡº֪ʱùŵ۶ͬѧ۶·𼴣ͬһԵʽŶԷ\"ڱ\"ѹ֣ͿܵµĵԻ󣬿µĵֳһɵĵǷǸ˻ңһԵĵɵҡ ŵһֿԣĻĽǶȶҪԤȾĽ͡±׼ԴΪֵͨ׼Ľ޶ַʽĻͳݲΪһǿҪģʽãǿΪҪѰǺʵ䷽ṩԴʲ׼ĻռݵıԵλ»顣ܹ˹ͬⰢŵĹ۵㣬\"Ȼɢԡijңegoңself\"[29]ΪֲִͬһԵʽſʹݸΪḻȷпһѹֵͬһԵʽ\"ʽ͸\"[30]Ե֪¡άһָΪƽȵij߶ͬʱǽƵĻһֿܵʽϲҪ׼ĩ۵\"г\"Եػ𡣸幹˵˹֮һ˸ѧɶԴһת򣬼ִԵDZ˸ֹ۵Ĺۣôͬṹһķ෴ɵı֤ȫΪȨIJγɵġµѧ˼ģʽڡµϵڶз֣׷\"Դʷ\"۵ҵķ˼Թϵ Ϊڵ¿Ƶķ˼Թϵͨвͱ䡣Ϊʹ\"гŵȨĶ\"ķֳҲܱ֤Ϊһԡij֣ǿԵӦͨ\"ʹ˳Ϊйġͳһġƽȵġɹ\"ʽʵʩ[31]ͨԷֵıǿʩһϰɵģΪ\"вͷŵıܶתҲ֮˵ڻ˵һչ˺֮\'\'\"[32]ıתɶΪʶĻҵĵ⣬תɲǡ\"ȻĿֺʹ\"ȽϵĶĥ\"ɱڲǿе󳷡ѹֺͽգֻͨԼͷţ⣬ҲΩ⣬ھεԴ\"[33]

ڸµĵһҪУھԺõijĽͱһƵĶԷԵѹƹ̺ʹ嶯򻯵Ĺ̵ijⱾУ ĹDZߵ˺͵͵˵һںϣδѱıЩ˺ĬͰŵڡɱ֤жЩʧıҲʾɵijԶŵƽʽĽ״ֽ̬޾ıܱ֤˵ֱոʱڣֻǶڹŵʱʶԵ\"һı\"Ļô\"ʾһֹĶʽֵĿ\"[34]һ¶ԴһıͲ̹ĵ״ת˷ܸ˵̲δΪһĹȥУעֻǵ͵ִԺԼͷԺ滻һߵйתĹ߳\"\"۵㡣\"Ժĵ\"һµּǣŵʱֱƺ;ѺԽ֮ڸıʶִƷ˸Ȩɡ\"ڹŴĽ\"˵\"ӱڹ۲죬ֹ۲ûؾֻΧĹı棬Ŀɼԣٰһ໥ԵʽΪ־ȫھһڷ￴ԼٵĿ\"[35]ͨԱȣͼ˺ƤڶҽԺѺͲҪĿֶΣ\"\"\"Ļ˾\"ǰ\"ɿֲ\"ĵط\"Ϣʹ\"[36]µĽ͵ѧرĻĿ겢ضִԺƣִҷ˼屾\"ʹΪ۲Ķнųȴ۵ɥʧɱʣʼ֪ΣԼһ޵ָĹ۲УݵΪԼĶijС\"[37]

ܸ·ɶھεоԺ\"һУûнȴһĻں޵ķʽ¿ʼ\"[38]һʵʱбɣҵķ˼Թϵܼ򵥵ͨƺڻܶ򵥵ıģڸ˵񲡣±DZ¶ߵ²ſܲӦҼʱӽضɡڶԷԺвʱ·ǿֳϵĹ۲вγĵµ\"\"д\"Ƶľֲѹһһ֣еĻҪعһơڴˣIJˡߵµIJ˵ɲϵܵв\"[39]һ˲ʱƽڰ뱣Եĺڰ\"δ\"ķԺκ޷ļӼӵԽԶӾԽΪʵ֮˶ԱֶԱȹᴩУ\"Ժ׽ԣûмҲûϰŵԣ֤һ໥Եԣֻһֹ۲ٽԣֹ۲ڼӡ̽Ϊ˿øϸϵؿȴ벡ԽԽԶΪܺͳϵֻİ˵ļֵ\"[40

ڡٴҽѧĵУ»̲δ֣Ϊڴ˹עɶǾƣȻڸ\"ҽѧӵĿѧ\"ԣԾɴڱĽṹġûʧȥļ壬ڴӵҪ֪ʽġ¿һµҽѧ֪ʶģʽγɺ͹񽡿ļߵǰĻϣµҽѧ֪ʶִٴҽѧ 񽡿ĵʽµĽѧҽԺΪҽѧ֪ʶ֧ŵĴ۲\"ѧ\"\"ռ\"һɽĿռ䣬ڴˣֺĹϵǿԻĺתģ[41]һڹϵ֤˵߻϶ǻþĻģΪӵԵĴԺ͸ʵֻµƽṹڽЩƽṹͬЩ֮ǰĽṹ˵ʲôĻǾиơ\"ҽѧ\"˵\"ٴҽѧ֯еõļṹ\"[42]\"ΰҵĹ\"\"һб߽ĺڰ֪ʶ\"սˣҲǵ˶Ը˵ĸŵĿơ[43]

ֲڸУڡʮġѵͷһ\"ȫ\"Уһ¸֡ⱾУ½ӵֹܼ¡֪ι֮ܽԣøΪʽͻִγɵĹע\"ִϵѧ\"Ĺעͬһָ\"顢ԡ˸ʶ\"\"ͷලѺʽ\"Ľ[44]ȫϵͳȾԺҽԺе䷶ԣһֵӣҼܵ壺\"ȨЧԣĿij˵תƵһߣתƵʵʩı档ڿɱijеˣ˽һ˾ͳеȨƵΣʹȨԶʩԼϣԼдȨϵ֮УȨϵУͬʱɫΪԼĸԴ\"[45]ѵͷڵΪǿӵ֪ܺ»ܵĽ֯ʽȫȨʵи͸˻Ŀɿ֪ܵ\"˵Ŀѧʼγɵʱ\"±\"һµȨһµνʱʵʩʱ̡\"[46]գȫȨΪ˶ִеܵϵṹв͡ڵһĹ۲ߺͶԵı۲֮佨ĵϵĻִȨṩһ

͡ѵͷ֮ʱϵĹ֡ij̶ֳϹעҵĵʵϵγɹ˹˿ִԵάȣ֪ԭԵλĻ[47]ôµһ顶ʷԿǶԹ˹ĵάȵγɵĹעļͳ嶯ϵڡʷУע⵽ͳеļͬһԵĽɢȡһͬһʽϵȡڸ˶˽˾ķ˼ͱ±ת\"̹\"ı仯ϣ\"ͨ˵Ĺϵͨ͹ͥҳϡϵŦ֤ʵģȽԼйصȷ֤\"[48]½ֱ仯ͬʷʫִʡѧתϵͬʶѧͬ\"漰һѧγɵĿԡʡЧԡΪʶĴ֤ݵ\"ϵ[49]Ȼͬڽ͵ʶγʱһϵѧʽǵִĿ;ڵȻ綼ȻбDZȴǿƽ\"̹׻̹߱סԷĻij嶯ʱܵвıȡеشʹߴȡ\"[50]԰̹ͬеĵϵ¾ܹ֤˵\"̹е֮ͨIJͬ㱻ݣǵͷDzٽǿǵȨЧӦ෴ǿΪܵıҪı¶\"[51]Ҿ۵ĻþʣϵѧͼڸµġʷչԣҪɢ˼崫ͳӵ¹Ψ̳жʶҷ˼֮ѧϵҷɵκνԵDZܡ³Խ˻˺ĬͰŵԵԼϳԵ۵ǿͼ\"廯\"\"\"֮佨һֱӶȷĹϵ70\"ѵ\"\"\"ԭߵĹϵȷ˵۵κ塣ݸµĹ۵㣬Ըðʾһ룬Ȩڱƶʵʩɵ۹עӵĺϷɡָڴӷ⽨רƾִʲ׼ҵתУԸδ\"ͨõͬһ\"д\"¬ͬҲˡעһģʽĹɣͳԵĶר෴\"[52]Ȼֳֻ֤ΪڸȨʵ仯ֱ仯ʲ׼ҵֵģѵȨΪܵǿԵԼ\"Ϊ\"淶ЩõźǿǶڸˡ

ӦΪڴһ׼˼巽ʽ򵥵ָʲ׼Ժ˾ƽԭͬʲƽȺͽ׼ѹ֮IJ죬\"ȷƽΪԭȨƵձ˾ʽ\"\"dz֮ΪѵıǷƽȵĺͲԳƵ΢Ȩϵͳ\"IJ죬[53]ΪһǽֳɵԵľ޺ʹʹЩʧĸֵļҾ۽жԱȡǸµĹ۵ǣκԻҾ۶ӦΪЩ۵Ļ\"\"ӱ϶ɵģȨɵġڸ˵\"ʵѵ˾ɹƣǹǵĻ\"[54]ԡѵͷ˵־ΪþȨϿʵϵǿԵҪѭ׼򲢱֤\"\"֮зԱȡңͬ˸ѧȶԷ˸ѧɶԣõıū״̬֮ìܱ\"п͹ԵķأȴֹΪ塣\"[55]Ը¶ԣʾһ\"αдݻ\"[56]\"Ϊ\"д\"DZȥʹ֮ɵǸˣһ˸Ľˡ\"[57 ֿ⸣µִϵѧԶ׼һϵ⡣ģ70ںȨѹֺͷǿ϶ԵȨⲢǼǿΤķʽִʽľúͳ֯ЧʣǿһʵȨ˸壬ϵضԸ巢áָͨ巢áд\"岻ӦΪȨ֮пƻôijֻĺˡһԭԵԭӡһֶĺʹ͵ȨͼѹƷ˸ʵϣѾǽij塢ij̬ijֻijͬ͹ΪȨһЧӦ\"[58]ȻȨĸijԵκĻǾͿ϶Ȩ֮\"ѹ\"\"Ʒ\"ijԭʵ壬Ǵѹ½ųͱΪοġȨдĿ϶Խ;͸һȨֻͣǶƵĹн͡ںܶೡϣ¿ŲһǿܵȷʵԱΪ׼ĺȻijϣеʹȨ˾ͰDZڵһִֽͣȨԼȨ͵ҷ˼壬ѹԵġ ڡУ\"\"ɫܸ¿ʼѯպƵƣǿΪעЩһעִճоͬķģԺͷ໥ϵѵ㡢ֿʱ̣գһ浼ͬκγصľ޹صĶҵԿ϶һ棬һֱ޹ؽҪľ飬ԼΪۻơ[59]ĻΤϵ\"\"Ȿ鰧ķ߰صȴǼؽɵҵӪСڸ˵ҵΪĴֺܵǡǡǷΪʶγɶ\"Ȩ\"\"һɰͽ˵Դӷнų򵥵ķ񶨻Ӧʶ˱һֿ϶ƣֿ϶ڽ͵УڵʶС\"[60]ⲿɺͰֵҪԣ׷ѰִʶУʹڳĬΪۡ\"һθһֱһֹȨһֶĻĿƣЩеִȫִ\"[61]

´ûȫɢʶʹ60Ϊһṹʱ뷨һιʹ»üС[62]70ٴδ¶ԽṹʱصִʶתƵΪһȹ̵ұµĹɺͿƹ̡ڡѵͷ۹ѵȨijʱ±µ΢۷ָԴԾӵİʱ䡢ռ䡢̬ļ𽥵ת̡ת͵й˵Ϊ֪ʶľ֪ʶǵ\"\"ԣԱ\"ijֲȨ\"ʵϿԿ\"ļ\"[63]ȻôʼĸһʱڵĸµԾһ롣ܶڸ˵ŸױʱװڡµϵϷ߼DZҪģ¶ۻֵطζģʧȥɶ\"ϱ\" ʶijֱ֣ܾ̱\"ֲ֡\"κغ壬۱缤ھνСûһΪ岻ǿɶ\"װ\"һۣͼȲܲ\"ڻԾ΢Ȩ\"ǿӵļֵҲܲ\"ͶȨĸ˻Ƭ\"е׼[64]

ⷽĽԸͬ˴µĸΪ㷺ĶԽ\"ȶ\"أⲢζơԺȨ֮ĹϵŸΪֵۿܡȱ嶯ԾĵйеһȱݶǼֵΪ70Уתһ жĿǷ˼ȡʶԸ˵ ȻԵȨIJƷжĿľ޷ǿԡʵϣߵһԱ\"׼ᄈеζ\"Զ\"Ȩ־\"з廯\"ΪԻʶʲ׼һȨ\"[65]ʹDZﺬʱ򣬸µٻʾһĹ۵ļ˵Է ںëıУΪ\"˾\"ӦһֲҪͥҪֳͥͷʽ[66]ڶУ۵ûнȻֿصһǸ¼˵ζƺĿĺ治ɵ͵׼Ⱥ֮ľ һǣϼƵ\"ֿ\"ֿIJϽ˶ͬһԵȨʾŶκεĿĺսԹƵʶʽĵ⡣ֹ۵IJһԲܱӣΪ۱ߵĻμʱһصĶԻʵ\"ôȨĵƱԵ𣿶ݣбֳԸأ\"[67]һЩӱԵĽھܾشȨͿijϣϵľΪ68ս˳ˡѵͷȻǸΪɵ֤۶Ϊһַ߿߿һֶ췴Ļֵģ70ڣѾȥԷĽŽ忪ʼԵԽԽ̹ʣΣյĻڡѵͷ֮ӳʶı仯ʼͬԷ񲡢ͯꡢ桢Եʽر־룬һ˻صȻĿ͹ \"Ҫ뽫ѴЩĻенųҪɢһռһбҪתƵһ棬\'õһ\'⼴ʼĵطǽʷѧҵĹ\"[68]ڡʷж֮\"ѹּ\"˹һΪʲ׼Ŀ͹ҪԽѹ֣19ʹﵽ߳Ŭش߳²ûз񶨻һάʽ壬ʹijĬϸУǣһӦ\"ŵ\'תɻΰ\'ڲһƫ롢һ΢֡һβԵת\"[69]ⱾĻ۵ǣԲһȻʵһƵIJƷһʵͻƵIJƷǿ˶Ը˵ļܺͿƣ ҲǸµʷ⡣ΪһַΪһIJɻȱһֹ۵㣬͹˴˹ϣԽŵۻҲɱ\"Ȩ֯Բе˼ǡ롢ڵҪء\"[70]һԽŹūƵһ֡

ڡѵͷ֮仯70ϰڵ˼뷢չǰεȨۼң\"ѧ\"֮һ֮һԵƽйϵƷУ ִԹȫǸгõǵģȽԵĶгĹѷеĸԤ岹ΪձֽŵسΪʱҵʽ[71]ƷΪһìܵ˫̡ΪƷʽŲϵƷƳͳ񻰣һŵġ\"\"ЧӦ˵ͣϢִʵ֤ȷ䡣ȻʱͶҲĸ˳󻯣ȶսĮƷͨСʷͶһƽĻȨҲ۵ĻͿԽʲôѹˡڽйҵij󻯹гʲôIJ̬ûһֻۣñȷһƲ⣺ȫǿԵġһƪۻſˡĪУʼ֤ĻͶҪĶӻòҪУǿС[72]ȶྭѧ1974ʱڻķź֮䡢ڽֵʹüֵ֮䲻κγͻΪţǴʻƷѱͶȶࡣ񸣿ƶϵģһūʽΪǿȥ\"Ȼ\"ʵȨIJƷҲūһֽʽΪʹĮƷʽҲΪ\"ǿ\"ȶĵ塣

˵ʱִԵIJרǿ\"׼\"гĸЧӦĻôµɵͬƬĹ۵㣬ҲǿԻƺ͹Ƶšˣ׾ٵؽִĹΪȨƵIJ ȷȨʱءΪѧûȷȶۡȻּ򵥻ĽǣȨѧҵһûȷķԶҲʧȥеIJݣ һڵζѧԭΪֻҪһʵȨȡ˻߱ѹֵʶˣȷı仯ôЩھϱӦáڡʷ\"\"һУųһַʵĿԣΪ̸һ\"ڵȨⲢΪȨһоۼս޲ʤ£Ϊÿʱÿ̡ÿ㡢֮κιϵжȨ޴ڣΪΧһУΪ˷\'Ȩ\'ظġġĶԣЩԵĻʾЧӦǸǽͼǹ̶\"[73]áҹƵԭԺԵ󣬿Ըݸµ\"Ȩ\"ȫһѧҵ档淵һȨ͸һԪʽ\"ָ߼һԪά\"ͻɢȨѹ֡ͽ֮ϵҲ˽ɢЩݡ Ȼȶྭѧʱڵȫһ۵㣬һЩļҵѧΪŻҳ嶯ֶεͬһԡͬһ²ȻУԽ\"\"۵Ŭģʷͼǽʾһֹ۵㣬\"һ̵ij嶯Ȩظ룬ԵزȨʹȨľȫȥƷֲͨȫ\"[74]±෴\"\"̬ĺӦһƻõIJƷ ʵͻϵõŵ㣬ʹԵؿ˷Ϊ𺦵Ȼ塣ʵϣ ɾͽDZϵģ³Ц\"һܵġΣյ\"[75]۵㣬ҪΪȻ壬ΪΪھִľʱݵĽɫȻΪʹܹɹؽݽͳǿԵģ²òԼ\"޷ܵġΣյ\"Աġˣ\"ѹּ\"ûбDZûˡһΪ֤ڡʷУ¹ᴩʼյ˼붼ûо۽\"弰\"ûо۽ڷԼԿѧİУ\"мȲΪֹͬľԷأҲͬʵñ׼أҪͬء\"[76]ڴԵָǾ飬ĿԵĹ͵˼dz⣬ҲڡȶྭѧȺ٤ڡ˹ġͬ\"ԹʽƵȶನ\"ĽͻȺ٤\"\"һµ۵ȡڶ۵DZھܾ\"Ƭ\"ֻһʽĻ룬һ־־ʧȥȡõͬһԵ󡣶ڸ¶ԣҲѧҶԣͬһֻͨƬǿԵӲγɡ\"ԵIJ\"¼˵ŵһֻþ\"һЩ塢١ľֲܡϵй١еĶ\"[77]ʷ۽ͲǾܾȻ壬ҲɢɻþͬһԵļ֮ĶߵѹֽлĺṹС

ṹ ʷ󣬸ںտ֡ͱĴǵĵ֤ʵֽ͡ڴˣҽѧȨķǰȡ˫\"ȴķͬһԳ\"ұִѾ\"ǿʹ\'\'Уǿܻһж弰еʵ\"[78]ȻΪҲʶκμȻΪȨĻʮѣôʹǹؽ\"弰еʵ\"ΪõıѹҲܱȫͨʷЩظѧģʽΪ\"\"ڱĵطÿԺ̬軭̬ʽһع顣Ȩɫ黯ˣԸΪʹĽΪһָȨ۷öҪĵƣһαɢˣ\"̬Ȩʼ塢۾Ħǡǿʹ沿˷յʱϷ绯ʹİΧСдȨȨճҷĿС\"[79]·ֵ\"ȨͿе\"ͿԺᲢۡijȻʽαȻԡ\"Ա׼Ϊձ龭õĿ\"[80]ĿαȻԺһʶʹ̬ƶӦһ\"Ϳеȷ\"[81]Ϊ֮˺š

ʷĶԿΪһĺṹڶ׶εܵĽ֣׶ָдԭΪһֳѧ۶ˣŲŻʽ͵Ȼ ָΪԣΪǵ\"\"޾ƵġȻ¼ʹΪʱҲԸijһܲ߻ȻºѧҵҵʽȻġ۶׼еĻ[82]ԭ˾Ҫˡ ͬһԱΪڵѹôκζµʽļ彨ֻһָѹֵʽ֡幹ȨκοƵԭôαڻͲٿܣҲûλκϵĺϷռ׵¡֮\"ʵԼĵ\"[83]ǣṹеǶִļĽᴩΪһĺṹͽṹ塣簢ŵͨǿģӸԵͬһнųӸ϶ԾͲһֽţΪһȥܾϰȤȺ٤صľѵȷ\"һܵͼ\"ͼ\"ĺǴ\"ֱͬӵֻͬ\"һƻֻǽ˹鲢ȻķС\"[84]ͬ¶ԻμԾʲ׼и˵к͹¶Ȼ廯ͳɵصͬͻĨȥ¶ߵԵı׼ϵͳıǿͶֳɵı׼ϵͳеķ˼ʶγɡˣ ִĹ70ѧеķ췴ӾӦʼʱִнѹصĻԶ֮ṹĶӵöࡣ

ע
[1] Jean-Francois Lyotard,Discours,Figure, Paris 1971,p.213.
[2] LyotardDerive a Partir de Marx et Freudһ.
[3] LyorardEconomie Libidinale,Paris 1974,ͬGilles DeleuzeFelix Guattari
Anti-Oedipus,London,1984.
[4] Michel Foucault\'Omnes et Singulatim: Towards a Criticism of\"Political Reason\",
S.M.McMurrin The Tanner Lectures on Human Values,ed,
[5] Michel FoucaltMadness and Civilization,New York 1973,p.61.
[6] Ibid.,p.278.
[7] Michel Foucault,The Birth offhe Clinic, London1973,p.28.Quotations from existing English
translations of foreign works shve sometimes been altered in the in terests of accuracy and
consistency.
[8] The Birth of the Clinic,p.79.
[9] Lbid.,p.xix.\"ṹ\"һķʡԵˡ
[10] ޶70ڵһη̸ ֣ڴˣд\"ͼ
ȥסЩDZڵƣЩƾΪǶԴһ֪
ͼǵԴǵγɡǿǵƣˣҾغ
־룬رӱǵġ\"\"J.k.Simon̸\"Partisan
Review,vol.38no.2,1971.
[11] Michel Foucalt,Discipline and Punish,Harmondsworth1977,p.192.
[12] Michel Foucault,Colin Gordon,ed,Power/ Knowledge,Brighton 1980,p.151.
[13] Ibid,.p.200.
[14] Discipline and Punish,Harmondsworth 1977,p.192.
[15] Ibid.p.301.
[16] \'Structuralism and Post-Structuralism: An Interview with Michel Foucault\',Telos
55,Spring1983,p.200.
[17] Discipline and Punish,p.174.
[18] 磬ʱ½\"\"\"˼\"\"ֲ\"
ȨʽΪ\"ѧ\"ǿʵʩļܺͿƲ19
ʲ׼չƵ󻯺ƻʽ
[19] Power/Knowledge,p.156.
[20] Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer,Dia lectic of Enlightenment,London1979,p.36.
[21] Theodor Adorno,Negative Dialectics,Lon don 1979,p.36.
[22] Theodor Adorno,\'Subject and Object\',inAndrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt,eds.The
Essential Frankfurt School Reader,Oxford 1978,p.499.
[23]Jurgen Habermas,Theorie Des Kommunikativen Handelns,Vol.1,Frankfurton-main
1981,p.519. [24] Ibid,p.27. [25] Jurgen Harbermas,\'What is UniversalPragmatics?\',in
Communcation and the Evolution of Society,London,1979.
[26] Theorie des Kommunikativen Handelns, Vol.2.pp.489-491.
[27] Negetive Dialectics,p.160.
[28] Max Horkheimer,Eclipse of Reason,New York 1974,p.138.
[29] Negative Dialectics,p.277. [30] Haberbas,\'Moral Developpment and EgoIdentity\',in
Communication and fhe Evolu- ation of Society.
[31] Friedrich Nietzsche,On the Genealogy of Morals,II,2.
[32] Ibid,II,16.
[33] Ibid,II,16.
[34] Madness and Civilization,pp.115,83.
[35] Ibid,p.248.
[36] Ibid,p.267,247.
[37] Ibid,p.265.
[38] Ibid,p.269.
[39] Ibid,p.250.
[40] Ibid,p.250.
[41] The Birth of the Clinic,p.38.
[42] Ibid,p.52.
[43] Ibid,p.39.
[44] Discipline and Punish,p.29.
[45] Ibid,pp.202-3.
[46] Ibid,p.193.
[47] Theorie des Kommunikativen Handelns,Vol.2,pp.115-7
[48] MichelFoucalt,The History of Sexuality,Harmondsworth, 1981,p.58.
[49] Ibid,p.64.
[50] Ibid,p.59.
[51] Ibid,p.60.
[52] power/Knowedge,p.103.
[53] Discipline and Punish,P.222
[54] Ibid,p.222.
[55] Negative Dialectics,p.103.
[56] Michel Foucault,Language,counter Memory,Practice,Oxford 1977,p.222.
[57] Discipline and Punish,p.30.
[58] Power/Knowledge,p.98.
[59] 1961ķİFolie et Deraisonдǰԡ
[60] Madness and Civilization,p.250.
[61] Ibid,p.281.
[62] Paolo Caruso,Conversatzione con LeviStrauss,Foucault,Lacan,Milan1969,pp.98-100. [63]
Discipline and Punish,pp.29,30.
[64] Ibid,pp.137,145.
[65] Language,Counter-Member,Practice,pp.222-208.
[66] Power/Knowledge,pp.89
[67] Ibid,p.155.
[68] \'Non au Sexe roi\',Le Nouvel Observateur,No.644,12-21 March 1977,p,113.
[69] The Hisory of Sexuality,pp.93.
[70] Ibid,p.155.
[71] Derive a Partir de Marx et Freud pp.145.
[72] Lyotard,\'Contribution des Tableauxde Jacques Monory\',in Figurations 1960-
1973,Pairs1973,pp.154-238.
[73] The History of Sexuality,p.93.
[74] Ibid,p.103.
[75] Ibid,p.53.
[76] Ibid,p.57.
[77] Ibid,pp.152-3. [78] ΪBarbinBeing the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a
Nineteenfh Century French HermaphroditeBrighon1980ppxiii,vii.
[79] The History of Sexuality,pp.4.
[80] Power/Knowledge,p.4
[81] Ibid,p.190.
[82] ֵעǣɵ\"Ȩ־\"Ȩۺϡ
ϵǣһ˵һ˵ѹ֣ʵϣɽֹϵȷΪ\"\"ġ
Ȼķ׷ͼرۣɸΪ֮Ժؽ
淶˼Ľ
[83] In\'The world as Will and RepresentationDeleuse and Guattari\'sCritique of Caplitalism as
Schizo Analysis and Schizo Discourse\',Telos57,Fall 1983,p.176.
[84] Negative Dialectics,pp.281,241. лPerry Anderson, Peter Osborne, Jonathan Ree,Ƕ
ĵijۡ


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