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ĺԷĸĿάԼԱԼܷһĿʱвܷʶͦͨ㷺ʵ壬ʵ˶ܷά

ǶʩӺϷԼΤ˵ҲΪܷΪ""ܷữ뱩Ӧνܷʶ"ܷĹʽ"

ѧ˹ٷ.L.Ϊʷϵ˼ҪһЩƶȨʹƶȱΪһЩıȡһЩ˵ƵֶΡǣƶȵõʵİʱǾֹܹͼΪרסˣŵ˼봫ͳϹע޶�"Ա˴˲˺ͬʱֺĻήС̶ȡ"[1]Ĺ۵ǼߴԵġ

Ϊŵ˼ѧߣF.A.Ү˵"ߵĹ̲ӦЩԷĹҲʶֻк߲DzԶڸǻܴﵽĹ۵ԴȪ�"[2]˼Ҳڹ˽֮һԵķֽ硣ֽζųڸзΧУһַʵһԭ򣬵ijһܹʱĽ롣Ȩĸ档Ҳֹר׵ı

ԭֱҮгΪ"һԭ"[general principles]Ϊһԭϵʵģȫ廹ҪߣȻĪȨΪɺ;ԭͬھĸ˺Ϊ�""Ҫȫ淶ڹϵ[the rule of men]Ϊ[the rule of law]νΣΪôʷʵľʵҼͺȷԭͳˡʵУֱҮгΪ˺͹ѡ"һԭ"ͽ"ܷ"

ϿԿ˼ĿĶ൱ؼеġǼͳһһ֮ͬ£ǾܷͨıһеĻ򰵵ıĶҪڷֹƻܷƻһͬȽϼеڱⱩУάܷƶȱӸάܷҵ֮Ȩĺʱܷ׵塣ƻĶչˡΪܷDzЩġ ڷɵЧϣܷǸص ӶؽƣҲܹͶƱijԼԳΪ˽֮һԵķֽ硣ܷȻزܱԼִУҲ޷ԶԼͳˣܷԿϵ"Ӷ"""вܷʱ˭ܷŵһ"Եֽල䱾ܱ֤ר"ͬ1עͣΪҲҪලάҮ˵ĵľˡ

ȻѰζʷϾΪԵΪһƾõʷĹңڵܷʶٹ̣𵽵÷ͬһ㡣˵ȹΣѡ͵ܷͨ˾Ϊܷලصܷලƶȡ"˾Ȩ"[judicial review]京Ƕͨķִķ߷ԺܷԭԺΥܵķƷֵעܷάĸܷ涨ں�"ѷ"İЪ󷨹ȷġ˾ܷҲܷʶĹȺ--ʦ뷨һҪı֡һͻ"ѧҾ"[3]ǿҵάܷʶ

ôʲôܷʶһΪһ͹ܷ֪к־ܺ͡

֮ǰ.˹ڡ--һһ߶ʵ¼[1973]ڵڶսУ˹ܷһͨ˹ľеķӳܷʶڹתеάáм�".ʷ˹ΪӦðܷ֮߸ֱΣȥΪֹܿȻĺһ߰ɣ"һܷΪʱκһҰļֻҪͿöô˹ǿӵֻҪΣʵ˹ҲйȨ͵ͷȻûȡĺĻᡣ"ѭȷ""ľѾ뵽Ѫ裬ʹԾѡԼԼĹ֮�"[4]

ڸΪ"ͳԶι̵һ֮˼룬ȴΪԽһĸڣάһԴػ"ڶںѾΪѪŴһسȨߵľ˼СԱѻ߳׵رѡܷʶܷ֮⡣

󣬵쵼ҲȨʱǹվˡ1937˹ͼ߷Ժܷƻ߷ԺܷڳȻڵ֮ϵĴͳҡȨĸŭһԷĿ˳ԺĶҲվ˷ԺһȥǹһܷʶݵľܷDzκͳƻͷеĹеܷ

һȽϺ˵ܷʶƾʱԡһٶʱҡһʼȷʲ׼Ϊĸijܷ˼ܷʶǸʱʼֲС͸˶ܷʶ̬ۡ

⿴ȥƺ⣬ֻҪһ£ܷΪĵĹһȷܷͿʼ˼ʶԼΪ͸ԼԼȨߵľٶӰ칫˼άͨĽʱǿ񣬰쵼Ȩߣ˾ԵȨ¡֮ǾѡȻҡӶʵϹ᳹˶ܷĹܷලԱҮ˵ӦһʵʵĴ𰸡ܷʶһܷලܷලܷʵʩܷʵֵҪڡҲҪڡ֮Ӧܷʶ[ܷ]ҪܷʵֵĻڣܷĹҪ[5]֪Ҫԡܷʶ̵ֲ˼뵱УڳзɣƶܷάӶֹͼΪר׵ֺȨ

ʶԴڹҷεĺܷܷʶһʶʶضһַ--ܷܷҪȫ淶ȫԾкάĹ۲ܷܷ᳹ʶͬڶʩӺϷԼϣʵʵܷලʵĸĿꡣܷȻܱԼִУмһķε--ˡͨҪḻܷʶԷεķʽصԼߡܷ˱

עͣ
[1]ۡ˹ٷ.L.ȣ꣬1997һ棬27ҳ
[2]ԭҮˣ꣬1997126ҳ
[3]ӡݣ1991320-311ҳ
[4]˹񡷣ѩģ顷꣬1999ڶڣ84ҳ
[5]ܷѧйѧ磬࣬1999һ޶棬82-83ҳ



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