ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
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ſˡ ¬ƽ

鱾սֵĿʼ


ոף˲д
--

οһ⣬""Ͳ򵥵ڶеһ֡ Ҳδ뵽󲿷̬о֮УԼʵĻ ֮СҲ˵򡢷ʶֵ̬̬ʡ" "һʱıֵУ֮ʱ¶ɢĴǣ ۵ջ󣬶ʱеıӣԼȷʶ仰˵Ҳ֪Ч ֤""ŵͣڷűͣһ־Եͣ ͱijһӰԣȻǷţһΣҲ һסܱˣƺijһʷ-ζѧʱڣձȻ ԵȫΪЩԹܵ뷨 շȻ֮УΪͬһɣԱ в޶ȵǰֵùԮ沨ƺ ʧʱԽָݺͱ֤ʲôʱֱص ״̬

Ҫ

һֻ˶ԾȻԣټͺ󣬲ڣ ͳһ֮£ɴˣֶʼԼתɣͳ һ¡һּ֪ıȻԣֵĸ ָһϵ⡢ʽɽʡϵ ָ壬˼ĹʽȵȣҲָԼҪָɷֵ޹ Ҫغָָɴ˲ųԽԵķΧһʵ ԣְԡ˵""ʲָָָ˵ ֵǣ"ָָ"ڽ綨żȻغϣԼȶ֮Ķԣ "ָָ"Ե˶Կ϶ԭʼ̬ԣȷʵˡ ǶԴѾʾĻɣṹԱ"ָָ"ԭʼ״̬ ɵĹУڸǺԼôָΪָá ԹֵĶԱһӰ쵽ȫָһ ɫʱѾʩӰ졣ûһָӱܣ»²񣬹 ָܡֵĵͬģֹܵ١죬Ĺ õϡɴΪܵڷŵ̵ָֽޡͬʱ ȫεָбݣмȴ Χϡϸ񽲣൱ƻ""һ߼ԡɣ żȻǣԸģ˽ʱϯһ֮ơǽ ϯ֮ƺģ֮٣ͬ壬ͬһƺǣ ۣڽ죬ΪԭʼֵαװΡԽԣԽԽ ĶԣȷʵˡҲʻIJ̣ ԡء ʶ֮תʶ֮ǰΪ"ͷʻļ򵥵"¬ Ĺ۵㣬ԵøıʡִͲǼ򵥵""Ҳûб ҪϾͽһйһ""µ߼ԣһ Ƕ¬

ЩαװǻеźʷżȻԡǵı䶯DZ ȻģȻԲͨκоiiƲȡʲô ԻرܵѡӦھõʱ˵"ʷ""""ҹ" ͨ壬"⣩Լ˵"һϵȻʱ ֧ʷۣҲԴ˵ סⲿڲǹԡձձԡ뾭ȵ֮ 졣2屾ΪⲿͨģǷǾ顢ż Ȼָ

ijֲϿסijɹ˶Ŀԣ ڽ־ڴҪĹϣȫ֣Լָ֣֣ һ֣һ״ͨƪԵߡԷļʦ ˡԭߣڷ롣

ԷϵļҲһļ֪ģ һⷶΧխʷȷ˵ĵֹۡ෴ţ йֵԴɣڣٸйؼԴɣ һΪʲô޷򵥵ָԭڡ

ˣƺǣdzԵĶԴ㶼һ˲䣬һ ȷķʽһһ棬һ֡ɹʹ գðձԣĹһ㣬ԻǡӸ˵ һ൱ݵðաʷںһһʷǧ Ϊĵζѧϵӽ˥ߣ ˥ı֮¡ⲻڶ֮һԴкܶͨ ͼݵľŶֳġϿ෴鼮һ˥ ijϣѾνԼʷ ҲΪֵʷ±仯Ǿ༸֮ңһġ DZij߶й㣬ͬʱҪע⣬൱ʵʷ еԣٹˣȷԵҲˡˣڸĽ ϸʱǿܻ᷸ͬĴ""ﵱȻһ ˵̸ijֶʧǰDZ뿼ǵ״Ҳijһ ṹĴλǾߡ

ԣָҰԸȻ̺йԺֵ 塣Dz֤һ㣬ôͻڸոᵽ˶ ""һʣżȻġʵϣһʱڣƣ εıҪ˵ʱԴ˱Ϊ˶˼롢˼ ʶʶ顢ȵȡ˻˵¶Դ˵ ⵽ǵ𱸡ڣ̸""ʱڱϴ˸ݣ ָϵλֵָ̬ʹ֮ң Խָ棬ָָһ汾ˣ˵""ʱָһ γɵȫҪأǷ塣ڿռķֲ ԵĹԸ룬ҲˡӰ裬ȻͼΡ֡ ""iiiǿ˵֣Ըаյ˵» ֣Ȼǿǵ֧ЩļɶԵġЩ ЩصĶעϵͳҰЩʵʺݡҲ ڵѧϵϸϢ̸ֺ̣ͳ һ㣬ûлĽޣŴ򣬽 Ŵѧ۱Ҫζѧô뱣֡ۼַ īηĸֱʷζѧص㱩¶Ϊֹ˵ ζѧйꡢֵĹֱЩǻ Էֿı־ȷΪ˻֮ǰַη˳ν Ҫأһֲܼ򵥻һҪء""ָй˵ ָ̺ϵͳý飬DzɻԭԭӣԪ ضһҪۺϵĶǸԼҪʽѧĶϵͳ ֮ڼԽ綨ijɷ֣˲Ӧһ㾭Ҳ˵һ ϵԴ

״ѾȷΪʲôȻڱ⣬ʵ ģĽ׶أһᵼ޾ķǼ򵥵ѡɳ 㣬һЩ޵ۡҽоڴˡᵽѧִ ûкԲƷоԵϵֲɿɸеͼΣдķʽ ѾԤʽijͬһԣҲijֹԣʹ׵õϵ "ɸָ"ԭϱûָۺϣһƽ ӡ˵ǷɴһƽһƽĹɣ ǹۡʵνıֵĻѧһɵءһ 㣬оֵʷѧҶἰͬʱǵĸֵIJ걸 ־ʱ֮Ϊ㣬"ǻ"4֡ ػһطѧʵڵأԽԽ̵ս ֵ룬䰵ָζѧζѧǣй"֪ʶ"v" ʷ"viѧһϵĸǹͬչij һ׶ΣϵDZ˴ʷ֪ʶDZȷɣ ڴԴϻѧϣΪ¶ػ·ߡ

ǣѧ鱨"ʵ÷"ķչؿ"Ϣ" ĿԣԵ""룬ijֿرڿͷ ֲָռԼͷԵֶء ˵ֶΣָû˵ֵ£ҲܷӹܵЩֶΡ ַչѧʷķչϡǣ֣ ζѧѧԼ漣ΰý壬Ҳڿռʱܵ ޡǽǿڱְܿ취ĻʱҲֳ ľޡǣֵ"Ŀѧ"ֲżȻĽϣһ Ϊ̵ı

ָ

""һʣڱĩβҪɣӦ֧֣ ˿򼫶ˣѲٷԴ߸˹֮˶ Դ߸˹ָʽƳDz迣رй ָʽζѧ۶ϣ¸ע ֳԽζѧ۵۶ϣ߸˹ʵ˵߸˹ϵڵ ˼άڲ̶ͬвɷָϽ⣬ ǰո׻ѧϣڶϵ۵һϣ˵ѧ ϣǰڸڸϡ

߸˹ڲԭϵûжϹһ֤ ҲҪ֤ٺȷı ˼ڲľءҪΪ߸˹"�"أҲ ܡ˵""塣ʿ"˵Ĵķ ţдĴ˵Ĵʵķ"ۡ116a3ôΪ һַŵߣ֮һֱָӵڽԡ

һָ򵥵ָеһָ֡ν""" "ֽȻԣȥӳӳڴ֮ 䣬ܴijתϵȻָνʽһֹ淶Ȼձ ֱָأΪͷԶġԻȷЩ淶 ͬʱǺ淶

Ȼе˲ʹ֣ͬеҲӵͬ Ϊţsemeiaprotoʾ飬е˶һġ ǵľ䵱Ӱۡ116aغϵӣ ȻȻرһձԣ ʻĽ׶Σʿ²ŽյʡԵ5ÿһ£ ӽָϸȷΪ壨˼ȽϿȷ ΪָȻָ漰ܵϵһ ˵漰ָ˼룬ȷʵҲ漰ﱾ ЩԵġǸղᵽʿ·ʽѧ ʽҲ"res"ȷΪԴ"eidos"ô߸˹й ˼ϵ۵viiʶָǼԺʹ Եġûκζϵ塣һָԴڡŵ ڲָָ̺𣬼ŵģDZ 򵥵Ϊͬһҳֽ档ֹȻ߸˹Ĵͳ֮ڡ ߸˹Ҳһ壺ڣڵ壬 Ĺ֮žԵڽԡڸȷ֤ˣ ̡IJԼҳʱֵơ

һ˶ͨòƼ򵥵ԣ ꣬ŵԱ۾֪״ɫҲһ ķʽϽܶɴתΪԱѧ3 ı16ҳ෴䣬ڸ֪ʵڲ񶯵Ľ˱ ԼںͿʵʹϵ֮С岻ǰŵʽ ֳ걾Ҫ͸Ļ296ҳһ phonЧͨҲǣͨ⣩Լ˵һ ֲ׷ϵͳſӰڸԵijɷԼϵ

ѾһԤУʷںϣҲӴ Ϊһֳ֡ͬʱͨķʽڲܹϵӶγ ʷеλۣҲһΪ"eidos"Ӿ Ϊ/ʴڶ֣Ϊڻ˿̵ʱʱϳ֡˼ ڣʶԵҳ֣Ĺͬ֡ҵ ԡ˵ȵȡˣ߸˹֤˽ʵĴȷΪֵĹ 㡣߸˹壬ں¸˼ȫ硣ʹ˳̶ ԣڱѧʱڳֵѧڲҲ˵ѧķΧڣ Ȼ˼롣ζţDzδ뿪ֵǸʱ ǶԣҪȷежϣڣҲһʱ˶Եù ΢ⷽĻþҲԵ̫ˡ

߸˹ʱ˽񣬰нн飬ΪıԵ ָָ־һʱֽ"ƽ"뿪У ̶ܳᣬһһԣҲһʱڡһ ʷϽģָָּ̡֮ܵ ʽζѧʱͬʱԸȷϵͳı ʽڻʼ˵ͻʢеʱڡЩѧ˵ϣϵ ԴΪʱԱֵĸǻģɻԭġ ζѧѧԴǾ޷˹ѧɵı" ѧ"Լ˺йָsignansָsignatumviii ѭһԴģǿɸкͿ֪֮һѳ˵ ͬʱзԼϵijɷ֣ζѧѧҺͷ ѧңһձΪ֤ЩĿѧԵ ζѧ֮ʱˣҲΪ

磬ִṹ˼ȷʶģһַϵͳѧ ڷſѧѧsemiotics˵smiologieһز ֡йطŵĶ--"aliquidstatproaliquo"--ֱΪ ȻЧܲĶġˣһŵĹԼ ѧŵı־е˫ԣÿԷŶԶ֣Ұ 棬ɸкͿ֪ģ߻仰˵"ָ"signans ˵signifiant"ָ"signatum˵signifiԷ ԼһţֳɷֱȻ໥Ԥ͹涨

ǣవصĻҲζѧ-ѧԴѧ ߸רŵؽ"Կѧ"ǵɸ֪֮IJ죬Ͳɴ ָָķẒ́ۡͬӺؽͬ һǣֶָIJգ޷άϵָָָ" "֮ǰڷ˵Ŀɸ֮ǰ""ԵķΧ ΪԵ漰ֱӹľ߸˹־Ե߸˹ ͵ѧΪ޵ĴԣŵĿ֪Ȼʣ 沿

ȻⲻҪЩ""⣺ЩDZҪġ ڣûЩκζ޷ȿ֤˼άĹ̬ ֳϵͳʷһԡdzſ԰ָϲԵ ĵصʱͬŵļѧġԶֹ ʷѾ

ΪЩڽ⿪ĴͳɻȱDzӦڷ ǡ׶ΣͨӡΣյ˶Щʱðյ˻֮ бҪΧЩԵĸһЩĻԱЧԵ ý鼰ޣӶϸָν֮йϵĽ壬 ġͬһָνһѿڣɴԽ׶Σ޷ ״΢֮⡣ŵĸǵ͵ġǸոձζѧԡ ֪йطѧ˵Լһ֮ãһִͳʹ Ҫ塢֡ڵȵȴָνĻгȥ ղģΪָָ֮𣬻һķŹֵûɣô ȷ˵ڡڣǸڷţⶼǸ ȥ⣻ҲǸͿĨIJ⡣ȫ෴DZ ʵŪʴӡڷŵĸֳɵѧʷ֮⣬ڻ򷢻 õȻһʷϵͳϵĽǶҲ У⹹ƷҲ""Ȼ⣬òϿɡ ָԣһֵԡҪǰ κԷšixûԣŵĸͻ˥Ϊ Ի֮һҲΪ֤ݺͼֵһ׶Σά ϵŲɷֽһԣ˵ijһʱڶбҪ"ɵ" ţһ͸Եöô޲ɼҪʵ ״̬Ǿͱոµķʽ"ʱ""ʱս" ʷϵѧ"֮˵ұе塣ˣһ ʱڣĶдŵ⣬ҲǣͨΪű֯ı ԼڴҪĵȼΪȵ˵ڲ߸˹ Ҫγɵ壬Ѿλǰ档�"ָ"ϵ۵ ߸˹ֱӹʱָκγ̶ϣһ˵߸˹ ޣֱأָҲǣֵԼءָ ˵/˼۵ġһչʱΪijн Ľһϵģֱԡ˹278ax νӵ֣ճϵ֣Ҳ"ռ"Ŀɸ֣ رᵽ͵Ȼ֮ϵ۵֡ЩЩ䵱 ɷ֣֤ʵ߸˹ԣ˵춨ֵ""壺ָָ űͬʱҲָһҲڽӽµ߸˹ʱԶ עìǣȻձ֣ͷʱ֣ ǽġɸС޵ֱ˵ϵ֡Ϊ Ļա񹤹IJ档ΪijżֵĹƣ˵ ޵֮ʩеIJԡȻһȻ⣬ֵ ""屻һ""壬ѧ˵ļûпǵ ġ˵ⲻǰͱߵ⣬ǽ�"" ȷΪ⡣

ڡŷѧ͡һľ½"鼮"֮УER ˹ôӣ˴ӷѶ˹¡ķչ仯̣ "鼮»õĵλ"뱾347ҳµ"ȫ෴"372ҳ ǣʵԵҪȴڸһ ԡ練ӳͼйͣҲڱ ֣Ҳ˵һȻ㡢ձ֡Ϊ ָϵ϶õϡڷѶ˹һ˥һֱ ˶ֱʷддֱһȻ֣Ϊ ޡ˹֣ϵͳضԱȻ Ҫһʷ̵ĸ׶ϸıͬʱҪͨ ѭϵ֮⣨ȻȷжԣȻ֮

ȡ˵"еĴ󺣶ʢīˮеij«έ պʹضƤֽе˶ʵдҲ յ'Ħ'ڴպһʣֻŪһˮ ʹĦʲô7ԣ"Ȼ֮飩ѧдɵġ"

ӵġۡһȻڽ̵壬˵" һйȻŴ޷֮գԶԶ֤˼硣"

"Լٶϵ۸ǵһ֡ԶԶ ǵƷĶǿϵ۳ǻ۵ĸ Ŀ⿴ѧζ"

GH롤沮أ"ͼκֹɵԡϵ ֮ʾʱʹõԡʫĴҲԷ֡΢ 걸ķ棬˵Ǵߵɢģ˵Ǹε˵Dzף ǷߵԣҲΪԼ ŵʱǷǧij˯ٿ˵Ƿ֮ ǽо֮Եļģĵʣһ˯ˣԼе Χ̸"

˹˹"ָ壬޷ձĽֻдڱ 롣"

ȣӣйͬһ֮䣬εIJ졣 Χһչ۵ʷϣ߾õķˮʱ ȻѧͬԵijֱҳ֣ԡ17ΰΨ ʢ֮ʱʱ𣬶˥䡢޵ֵǴ𣬲ȡһʽ ʽܵķҳ֡ˣ"¬ʱ"ĵԣ ʼ˽ͣһĻҪۼ¬ᵽһֳģʽظ ˰ͼڶϣڿԸ֪˼ڵ״̬ҳ ʾͬʱϻűⷨġһ棬дԵģ˥ģ Ҫģ趨õ֣ϸ֣ڡԵԴһ ⵽ѡ"ĥ"鱾"ж""ʬ ġﻭ"ȵȡxiһϵĸ壬 һ棬ͬһһ棬Ҳϵ֣Ȼģ ģ֣ܵǵ𾴡߹صͬڼֵԴΪ ֮൱顢Уȵȡ

ʥ鼮ߣϾһ顣ǵļҳ Ǿͻҵϵ۵ķ򣬶ҵ֮ дʿ򡷣

Ȼд֮Уô޷ָǵĶж ͿĨֵ˵顣˺ս ״Ȼֱֺϵһ䱾ʲдѧ ʥģdzӽ׵ʥ֮ҲǷʱ ȫʵǵڸо"ԽǷңԽ ԼѯԽܶдеЩʡǺģҲ ɴ˾ˡҲǴӸߵѧԭƵЩ ЩʵġȻдģûκζͿĨ" ֵһԤȹ涨ģԴˣкܶ໰Ҫ˵Ҫ֣ ԭһַһȻҳֵıڹϵĴʱ ͽɡ

ˣһּȺֻ֣дĺģ Ȼ͹ܵķǼɣⲿڰͼģʽ һõܺõּģģڲģڵģ ֪ģǼġԭڣһҲһ "֪֮֮"DZ뾭"Ȼ֮"" Ȼʥ֮"ĺ͹淶ںһһ ԼڷŵڲչԻֽϽͻشԼ

·ǣȻѾǰչʾ׳ۣΪṩ˼ı Ұе鶼ϡֻһǰ򿪡Ȼ֮顣Ȿ ΰֳߵѧӭϺͳߡ

õǿġ֮Ա⣬ΪòȻ ȻDzǴijб˼ġ˿ ˵ǴĽǶģҲһһ֮ڡĹ йԵĹָɵָͳϽдʽ ͷţڹγϱֳԣָԾͲԡ ĸһζָԣֵĺţ༰ѧ߸˹ ʩеİٿȫʽıĿڷֹϵĻңʽ У׼綨ģΪһϵIJ졣ı ֿĻô˵ľǣĿǰڸ 壬ȥıı㡣ֱȻıУӦڼͬԵñȻĹ֮١

дĴڵд

γͳʹ֮ȥŷ֤ݣ¡ָ ָͲͬһʱһֱ¶ϸ΢淴 ƽе״̬˵IJ죬ʱǶݵġűضʵͳһ壬 Ϊָ9оֱʵָǺۼΣͺ һʵԣָͨDZڵĺۼϵγɵ״ָ "ʾ"нӽΪphon߸˹һƣ һʾơʵ"ʲô"ʱDzɱķӦ Ҳ˵ɷŵıʱַӦŵ""ֻи ʾȷƲַӦǶʽսʼ ΪǷ׵󣬵ҲΨһܻرѧϵһѾõ "ʲô"8

ɽ͡ӵ㡢֮ۡĸ򼫶ˣʷһֱ ѧ""ѧ⣬ҲͬĴΪ ЩزѧֵһЩɱ㡣ԶԶǼ򵥵أ ¸ڸһͣζѧڲǽָ Իų߸˹صԵģ ںĻָĶдйı "ԭʼ"IJҰһʷdzĽֵɣDz תдʲôһԣܳˣDz ߸˹ԭʼҪغͳʽйָΪtoposnoetos ԣȻıȻṹΪ˰ɴӺ¸ʽĶȳ ûбҪһζָЩвɵ"" ˵""εıֱɵġһԭ ھ壬ζѧıеĻԣһ¡˼ ̫֮ࡣ෴DZǿijʵϵ"" Խζѧһ¹Ҳ޷ӸζѧҲ˵ ijַʽıһͻϣ⣺Ƿѧ ֮Ķģ仰˵ɵδڻǽ "֮"DZij־ԸķԷšˣ ¸ʽĶƾ⣬ޱϿ ⡣һķʽij̶ϣʽۣڷ ɥʧʱʽ»þԵԡҲı ڲͬ͵Ķ⣬Ҳʵд͵Ķ⡣ддĶ д֣Լ֡Щ߸ ˹dzDZ⹹ʱڡһϣ¸˼ ָܻǷ߸˹ֶǵ͵"ָ" ҲֻһϣڲͬĶ⣬ɵųһ֮٣Եϣң ෴ҪƷζѧõķ²" "ָһϵ""͵ijɷensunumverum bonumxii˵"ָ"еķȶָƷʽ̺ ҲеĴʻ;䷨ɷ̺ģ˿ɿеѧָ ֮УȻܰһָֻͬͨÿһָɷ֣ ͬʱܽ仹ԭΪ˹淶лʱľˣ ˵߸˹ʷȴֻͨ߸˹ŵԳҲ˵ ߸˹֮ǰ֮⣬ʲôҲǡڵ߸˹"Ӵ֮˼" ǷҲֶΣӳָsignansָsignatum ֮IJ졣Ӧһֳָȥʾָָ֮IJ졣ֲij ֳϣǾԺͲɻԭġڴڵ˼ΪԳָ˼ ֮УһżȻġģ ģdzĵأĨָӽҡ ȻñȻʱʽ֮⣬ӿ͹"ʵ"У κθָҲκԷԵıʵ塣ָڲԷ ΪָĸڹԻձԵҪأһֶһ޶ľ顣 ʵַγһԡĨָľ飬 þеһ֣ʵйĹܷڡ طԲЩԵˡֻþΪ ʷʧ־սᴦʣmotΪָ ͸ıʵγɵĻԼɷֽͳһڵġ ޶ȵĴԶԣͬʱԵۣ־Ϊ"ڵľ" ""ʣκγ̶ϣָͬʾĵʣһ 𣬶""UrwortҲ˵DZ֤Ĵ еʵijʡģҲǡǡǡʱ 䡷һĿԡֻȵ⣬ſܳԽоֲıۺ ζѧӶһйشδ״̬ѧ 磬ڡѧɡxiiiõѧܵ⡣¸ζ ѧʷһ⣬¸ǣڵĺ Ȳ�""һʣҲڴһһ岻ԣ ȷе˵֮ʲô˵ijһضĴʻ ϵͳһ𣬵ҲһϵDZ仰˵벻 ԭļܵ״ϵ˿Ϊֻֿ֮ Ȩ⡣1ִѧָʽĿѧܴ˴ʻͳһԣ νIJɻԭѣȻܹ""𣿺¸Դ˴Ŵ ǡ2෴ѵЩɷ֣Ϊ˼άϷн 𣿻˵йشʻоĴͳѧ˹ڴڵ⣬ Ȼ֮ĬĬţΪһѧԷ ģϵͳԵģбҪζѧǰᡣֶͬһ

׸ԣȨⲻ˼򵥡

һ棬ִѧȻȫڹŵ۵ķΧ֮ڣ˵ ɵʹôһʣԤȫ壬ôһѧ һ˵ĴʻͳһԵأͲܽ綨Ϊۿѧֲıۡ պ¸ģʽӡʱ䡷Ŀͷ𣬾ͷǿ áйشڵйشһʵԤ⣬ɷָϵһ𣬲 ǰ߲ܻԭΪߡһ㣬ڷֽôͳһԵѧʵ ԭϣֻҪйشڵ⣬Խ綨е

򲻸򵥵DZ۵ģҶӦڴˣ۵ĽҲ ֲԵġѧһЩ۵㣬ٶѧڲչĹ һЩһѧƣоѵǹ ˵dzɣϸµ壻ѧջرڽ ڱףҲڴڵĻʡѧ֮⣬Ҳ оͻƣĿǰпܵõƹ㡣

һͻϸ޶ĿռڣЩ"ѧ"ɳѧ ֧䡣ſ˵ݡʱ䡷һĴ򣬰Ѻ ѧ򼫶ˣôͻƲڿѧͬʱڱ 򣬻ֲڲĶؽҲЩ෴᷵ йشڵⱾ

¸ζѧйشڵ⡣ͬʱй 弰߸˹⡣һIJ˼δָš෴ת˶ ȵġΪйشڵ⣬һȳŵĸѡ йشڵȫһ״ʱƳ˱۵İȫ ʱ˼ͬ󲿷ֵѧڴҴͳһԣ Ҳʻͳһԡ

ˣڻ"֮"󣬺¸ǼĬг͡ ɴʵģԭDzģdieGewahtderIautlosenStimmeverborgemQuellem xivԭʼġйشڵԭ֮䣬֮䣬 "֮"""֮䣬"ڵź"ͷֽȷ֮䣬 ijֶѡһֶѣͬʱ֤ʵһͨԵ 磬ʹ֮ÿɡڹ˺¸ֺ߸˹ζѧ ģʶȰ棬ֳ䷶Χܽ߷ָ Χ֮٣ڲ޶ȶηǰ෴ס Ժ¸йشڵĺͲ򵥺ϸ"ָ"һδ ʹãҲżȻζţڱܿ˷ŵ˶һΪŵ䴫 ͳظõֵͬ⣬ΪרŵĻζѧָ۵ľ 档һ棬ھԺѧɡ£Ǻڸ˵ϣйشڵ 壬ϣȲ"ԭ"Ҳ"""" ڻԭΪ""ʵ巶룬˻ۣⲻDZȻʱƬ ̡ӡζѧۡʼ¸Զ˱ۼƻһʡ ԴڵıȻԭͲɼ򻯵Σ""ʢڼ䣬Ե ޴֮ʷȻ˵Ĵڵʷǵصص ʷʹڵʷ¸ǿĴڣֻͨ߸˹ܲ߸ ˹֮ʲôҲǣУںʵ֮IJ--Щ˵û κζָܱܿ˶˵ףָָ֮IJʲôҲǡйس Χ֮һ⣬ûۺϵܵ棬ðŲη֮ٱ աˣDZйشڵ£纣¸ָ ͬʱҪ㲢ԽѧԱֵν״̬Ͻ ˼Ӷ׼ȷĶλ¸żǣѧѧʷ ϣһľ䷨ʹʻʽȷ""ǻ;Բɼ򻯵 ָȻֲϵͳʷȷ"ָʽ"ص Ϊ¶ε˫Ʒԡ˼һ"ֱʽĵ ˳""ʽ"""ʱˡζѧڰйش ڵĺΪʽ֧ġ12һ֧ Դڽijֳָ󻯣൱ڣԹǵʷ ɡ¸ڡ۴ڡxvһ һ⡣ͬɣΪ""һֻдϲŲܽ KreuzweiseDurchstreichungɾ"DZʾ񶨵ķ"31 ҳһɾDZ־һʱս֡ıʻijֳָ ״̬ĨˣȻɶͿĨȻɶȻɼģ йطŵĹ綨˱ѧй״̬߸˹ ζѧԣҲ֡

ں¸·ϣƽϣſ˵ڵ 岻һֳʱڵָȻڸйʱ һϣѾһּȶָۼʶһ㣬͵ڿ϶ڴ -۲һԵĸ棬û뵽ĶһӶʧˡ"ʵ ""ڵĺͱ""-۵"ԭķϣͲ ԣԵġҺ׼Ķһѧָ /ͷʽIJ̡-۲죬"Daseinij" ݣGrundVomWesendesGrundes16ҳxviԲԭԵġ챾 ܸ"ԭʼ"Dzٳ֮Ϊ"Դ"""Щ ѧʷʹĨ߲칦ܵϵͳֻһ£ ʱ򣬲ΪҲȡйؾ֮ǰһʼͽȷ Ϊ-۲졣ȡľҪԣʩֵĹƣҪԣ Dzܼ򻯵ġһûеõǿļ˼άڴܲij˼ 縺ȫظ⣬ʱ֮Ϊʷġ İǴ˺ͼѲϵ

Щ˼루ָɺͺ¸˼룩ijɲһ" "ҡڣкڸѧɵijԣԼʱ֮Ĺɡ ⹹˶ǴⲿݻٽṹܾЩṹĽ⹹˶ ܣҲЧȷеĿꡣ˵һʽܾӣΪ ܾӡ֮DzٻһʱȻڲ ӾɵĽṹеIJԺ;ϵĵ߸ֶΣӽṹϽǣ Ҳ˵ܰǵغԭӹΪˣ⹹ҵijֳ ϣܵͬһܾӴһͬ ָڽ죬ûʲôⷶΧӦÿԽ ʽ

ڸѾϷһ棬ɸ߸˹ѧ ȷΪһ־Ե߼ѧѹѧȫ綨£Ϊ֡ ʱĩۣԵҽӽΪĩۡͬɣ ò֣併񡣵ʽص㣬Եʽ ѧʱͬһ̬ԺǵijԣǴ ˹Ϊ֮ĶǶҵڻڼ ķ棬˵""Erinnerungxviiķ棬ƿ˾ʷһҳ Ϊһ㣬Ѷ˹˵ּǼͬʱҲ֮Ȼڸ ֵȻͣĸϡΪ֣ĸͬʱȱԣ мһˣԵôҪ"ĸֱǷŵ"ˣɷ֮ Źɣõ֣˼֮֡ǰʵйĨߣ ڴˣƳָԣЩأѿռӾɷ ЩųΪʷ֣Ϊ仰Ļ ص޾֣ˣѧĶд֣Ӧ޵Ļ һֶΣһ㲢ûеõֵ⡣һԼӾĿɸ 뿪Ͱעתʽصʱ̣Ĵ弰 ֣ӶӸڵ춨Ի

һϣ͵ֵAufhebungxviii֣ ǰͬһ̬ʽ֡Aufhebungٺأ ʷҪȻйʷĿ۵ĸ ʵϣڸд"ɵϰѹĸֵרԡһ ΪӾԵʣƺǴַʽһػ·ߣʹ֮ Ϊǵ֣ʱʶ˼"

£ڸ޳ȶԷDZֵ ˵ȥд

ڸ˵ĸת֣ͨʵֻͨ ܱxixɴ˻õij츳һʵֵĽ ʽĶưʽдĻʱģӵĻռģÿһֶ ʵĻȾͬȵļֵĸֻһֻ ѭĹϵҲӵֻΪŲϵͨ ֱӡرԼͬϣֱڲʱ¶ ͬʱвԼ֮ھصʷЩ նˡ޶ȣԵ״̬ĸظУʹü٣˸ 򽩻˾Ĵԣۻעͷ棬ִٺСĿռ䣬Ϊ ڴڵγɹͲԭ֮й֮ ŷһ"ֻййĻڹ֮ѧ⣬ֻ ɼά֣Щ¢˾Ļ򡣡йĻһ Ҫѧڹ͡"ͬϣʱв ںʾľʷĻôΪвʵԣҲ ֺʹڣousiaxxһζѧơʵʵʽDZ ֽֿǹϵơʺʹʣҲ͸ͳ һԣڴﱻĨߵˡⷽ棬ȵѧ˵ŷһ 󲻰"״ֵıַʽڹͣʹ ѡ֣ĸ֣ͺһ˵ԵĹؼ֮ʣ ൱ìܡϵЩ죬ᵼһϵʵʡ"

֪ʶĵƽߣͿĨ߸˹ָ֣ڵĺۼӵв 죬Ӷʵڱ14ʶζѧĶ

ڸһҰ˼ȫݣĩͣ¶Ϊ ֵ˼ڸǵɼ򻯵IJ졣˼ָΪڷŵЧ䡣 ڱ˵ģѧոʽ˼Удۼ ҪԣԴˣΪûҲС鱾һλˣͬʱҲ ֵĵһλ˼ҡ

עͣ˵֣ﲻڿ϶ʵԡ ֪ŵԼ˺ؿԵģ"ڱ" 𣿣άٿȫ顷һĽۣ˺⵽˹ֵIJ⡣ һμV˹ֵ"Ժ"ѧ35ڣ60ҳһ ҲΧP۵γɵġйЩۣμղķ ˹ﰣֵʷ5ҳԺ½ڣһ۵ ǰԿɵԭ

Ҫڡ󡷣裬1967һֱӵһ⡣ ɭӢ뱾ѧ磬1973

磬ά"ѧ"ĶΪǹڴס һͬʱȻʹ"о"""֮˵ λйز

磬μ126ҳ148ҳ355ҳȡһǶȣ οſɲѷͨѧۼ³뱾裬1963 116ҳ

Ƥ±˲ģ˹еĴ⡷裬19 66106ҳԺ󣩡ijսԵķԴҺܸм±۵ "УԿ϶˹°Ժ֮Ĺϵ˵ɷš' Dzﱾǿȡ֮š' ɵн飬ܵѹ֣ٱӣѹǺϷģ ΪڹͬҲֱǡһ棬 β"107-108ҳſƲѷͨѧۼ 뱾162ҳһ⣬ҲڷŸĴͳԼһչ ĴԹףμɡݸ񡶻š±Ȱ磬 196254ҳ֮

ϵά˹ڡѵɡһã裬196344ҳ

ڱչһ۵㡣󡷣ͨ򵥵صߵһ ζָǻԭġָ"ԭ"""һվ סŵ˵ּ߼߼ؽٻĶָ ָ£ָ"ָƵ"ָҲӵ ָֺܵ޿ܵķ˼룬ûгɹؽߺУ ӦһַʽԳѷŵĹڿɵ״̬Ȼ "ڡ"Ҳ۵ˣٽ ˼ܻݻΧƷŵĸ֯ϵͳָָ ݵȵȣ

10ʲôζѧǣ˸196046ҳ Ӣ뱾"Ĵ"ŦԼ磬1977ļ ֧šʱ䡷һй""Gewissenһʵķ267ҳԺ󣩡

11μ"Եı"""ڡ֮ͨ·ָ1959 ءӢ뱾ŦԼպ磬1971

ζѧۡ뱾103ҳЩָڶйشڵϣ 鼰ʱٵڴڵĹ߳ͣô""һʾ ǴԵߵͳһԺȷл塣֮ͨ ʽʵ"Sein"ģ"is"Ķϵ жĶʽ"is"ֱʽ˳ƣ Ʒλ""Dz""thouartyouare""I am"ǿ"theywouldbeЩɷ֣ͬ"is" "tobe"Ķʽ֪أ·𲻿καĶ ǽͨ"is"ԼͲʽ"tobe"ġ

"ˣ''ָ壬ϣйشڱʵĹ 㣬Ҳ뵽ijȷԣǴijżȻϵģԹ ֧ǵʷڡ''һĽ綨ʹǵ׷Ѱһ ӱʻˣҲ˵ӳŵʷԴ"ȻӦ ۴ЩdemStatarischenŵʡΪֹǶ """ֹ"μá֡ڽѧ塷뱾 裬1959255-257ҳ

14""μ졷˹Ӣ뱾֥Ӹѧ 磬1978ԭhttp://www.yesho.com/wenxue/


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