ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

йŴδͳ

ժ ҪйŴδͳһҪͳ߼עַӵ¸лáӶڵĵ½̻"ΪԵ"̸ǰߺӳ˱ԣ¾뻯˵αͷϡ""˼üϵе½ֵýҪ񱾺ĽޣƳ£µ»ɵΣաΣι˹ԼֵĿԼֵ㺬塣κ͵ֻڹԼֵศɡ໥ٽ
ؼʣԵι йŴδͳ


һйŴδͳ
1Ҫͳ߼ע"Ե""Ե·"ַӵ¸лá
йͳĻ"졢ءסʦ"ijݺ;أӳŹ˶򻯼̩񰲵׷й˴ͳߡе֡ͳߴп"ҷɱ޹"ѵΪ߳"ҳ"Ӱ"Ե"˼룬ͨ""""ȡ""ʸ罫ͳȨȡõĺϷϵ
Ҿȷ"Ϊ""ҡιƽ�"θ,ȷԽΪʵεĻʯʼ˼롣ά""ᳫ""""ǡѧƣ"," ԨԻ"ߣҲ˧Ҳ" ·ΪȨ"У""Ϊ""˴٣Ϣ"Ҫ˼Ϊڵĵ䷶,ʼйŴͳ߼ιһ
ڡ˯ĹΪ֮УعͳҪ "�","ǿ","ңТ""" "ž","","""ϲΪ",""ΪΪ׼,
ѵʼԪ(Ԫǰ81),, Ӫͬʱ,θ˼룺ȣǿιáɹ֮,ܹ̻ͨʵַԤ, ۡ꺫Ի"˶ʹ,ɱ˶ʹʡ,δ,ʹ֮Ϊ,ǹ֮ɱ֮Ҳ"ΣΨͲгЧ, ̸ۡν:"ɶ,μ·϶�"ٴΣǿ߼ıá߹ٷ,ΪǷ渺شְ, ۡȨƣ"ʳ֮,,͡һʧְ,һٲ,Թ֮Ҳ"߹ٸǷ,бȻ֮ȡ̰ۡΪ"Ӱ߶,̰֮ʲ,ѵҲ"
ڡҪٵߡУκ"""а"֮,ν""ʥҳdz과ֱν"а"߳ij鳼̫֮ھ峯ĽѵԼٹҪաԣ "Ωھ""˽ѭ,"ץסıԣԱ̰,Сʧȡ"֮,вɵȸ,ο֮أԲа?ȺֱܱپԲԴ˵,Ǯ߻߼¶,,ʵΪЦ""Ʒ,»ź,һ,Զࡣ˲ƻ,,һ¶,»,ǽⰮ?СöʧҲΪ̰"ڡҪ̰ɵڶʮָ߹δҷȴ°¶ܾĥһ·,ɥ³裺"ɷṵ̀Ժ,ʹÿҮ"
γԪ(Ԫ1008)䲼ˡͰٹٴǡġԱIJͬص㣬ֱ涨""""""ǣ"һԻġԻԻ޵¡ԻʵԻ졣ԻȰΡԻס"""ǣ"һԻԻְԻƽԻѵϰԻġԻԻϡ"볯͢ǿԹԱӦһЩԱ׷׫д𣬴ӹԱĴƷºͼ棬ԹԱȰ롣
Ԫ(Ԫ1301)뼯ġѧָϡһ,һɽ̲,СԱС߶ȼ˹Ŵĵξ,""""""˼롣
ʷʷ̨ةְ䡶Ҹ桷һֵýĵ˼룺ȣ׻׻"ͥ"ڡεڶ桷У"ӹԲ,ɼϲݺóʹȻҲһ·,Ϊ֮ıȡ,"檡,ԲҾҲ,ְΪ֮ΪҲ"ΣӦ񡣹ǻʵͳε˸񻯹ߣǽھ֮ҪһʵͨӴĹŻʵʩͳΣҼʵ۵ǶԹβǶڵ˵ȾйŴط˾һ˾ȨִȨһλӦнϴȨͬʱе֮ӦΡٴΣΪܷطԵĹؼȡڹ˵ƷУ塤ǿ�"ǿ֮ԸҺ,֮ҲҲ?֮˽Ҳ˽,ɲɫʹ䵨䡣µġϡΪΪֻɼܱó,"ηĪ,䲻ΪĪ䰸ҲνߣɫҲŶӡν䰸,ǴëҲ,"ģԲ̶ø߼Ҫ֮¡Ҹ桤һƣ"Ω,ܵ٣,"ν""",,Դ,ʰ,,۹,,,ɵҲ"ν"":"˽,̰޼ͼ,串,˼,,ڻٹ,,,಻ΪҲ"
ͬӶԴ󳼽, ڡ̫ʵ¼УԪ谾Ȱʹ,˱,,,ͽӵλ,ٹ˽,Ӧڡ"˴,,ݣ鲻,,Σ֮"Ϊ,ΪҪ""Ϊ,Ӧ,ֽ*,"" ں,һ־,޷dzߣܹٽȡΪҡΪµĻᡣΪIJ,ȫѡũ̵ְҵپӦųһĶ[ ](P163) ڡʥʵ¼УʵҪ:"ΪС֮,Ϊ֮͡С,Դ,˴֮󳼹ܾ,񷨼ְͣҵ,˽,Сйη,"
Ҫָǣӳ˶еܺıԣ¾뻯ƶȽϣйŴǿαԷΪУ뷨ʵʲϷãӡ¦ϡԻ"ͽƲΪ"ӡڡƣ"ΪԳɴߣδ֮Ҳ"ڹŴ̰УصһᴩʼյҪԹķɳͷڳˡֻҪ̰ܻߵΪ͹ɷĶٺ񡣹κηʽþνôΪֹϣּ˾ͼҪݶΪ˽Σ�""""[ ]
2ӶȺڵĵ½̻"ΪԵ"̸
ᳫ"""""Т"""غ壬""""ĺݣʩ̷ӦѷΪߣ("мΩ")аҪԳΪ׼("澴")̷ʧɽ֮"" """"ĺġν̣Ҫ˾УӦ򣬾ͻ޹""غ
Ҹŵ½̻"̶ɱ"ר̷ΪԻ"̣֮֮޳ܣ֮Ե£֮гҸ"Ҫ"ΪԵ"
ĩսϴ񣬺ͳͳξ졣"ټң"һˣ"֮"֮ԶΪһǿѪԵΪڷΪҪݵص㡣ұȷҸԣкǿ׺Ӧָǣѧѧкܴ졣�"ѧ˼Ϊ˻˼롢˼롢˼룬һڸߵĽ׶ں˸˼ķչ˵˼ϵ˷ǿΡΪʦҪĽ̵εƬԣļȨרƺע̷˼룻˻Ϊ˵ܶԵƬԣȻ(֮Ԫѧ˵)̵˼롣ȫܽʷľѵ'֮'۸⣬˵ʱܸӦ׼ҪĴ𰸣Ϊ׼ȫȷһͳͳԺһռͳελӴȫ˼ϵ"[ ](P209)
ӶȺڵĵ½̻"ΪԵ"ᴩ˼롣
""ʶйͳĻ֮һν񱾾"Ϊ֮Ϊ""ߣҲߣˮҲˮۣˮ"˼ǿھ໥ϵжԾԼͳҪλá״̬һĹУֹʣ档ӶʽͳβԹҪĻ˼ĻԨԻ"㣬벻㣻ղ㣬㣿"˼Ҫͳ̬ϲ񣬡鹫ƣ"ڶ֮زɣں֮ز"ľʿ""֮ʹ̡Ȳӣأν""""̷ָǿƣ""ȡ֮ʶȡӽ̻档ҼԾ񣬷ļ̷̻ĸĿʹ"̣֮֮Т֮"κϱķһ˶顷ȷ"Ϊ̷֮Ϊ֮"ĵ̸ιԣΪԺ硣
⽨ͳ߽üϵ,е½,ʵгЧйŴԼΪλڸ;ڼڲ"Т"άϵ±֮ϵҪĻ,ĸŮнȨΥӦܷƲáҹŴü̻ͥӡ⽨е"һ,һپ"ص㣬ڼǿ⽨ϵžáԱ()ԼеĹȰ,ϰڵļĸ档ҹŴ涨нƶȡϵķ񶨺ϵ𣬶ʱ塣˽ڸˡŴͳ˼Աϵʹ½뵽ÿͥڲüͥʵְֶЧԤ
йŴδͳĽ
1߹ְԱ˼ʣַӹҹԱȫĵ¸á
쵼ɲڹΪۡǹҹԱڹйֵ׷
2йͳ߶"Ω"ʶԵǰоã˼Ҫͳ߼Ͻ£ĮڵҪڱƺΪ񵱼һµġ񱾺ò롣Ϊר໥ģ񱾺ר໥棬໥ġ�""""񻯾ȨͬӲҵ棬һҪ쾴°һҪѱԷӣ""ʥԱ֮ԽʥҲͰ֮Խ[ ]70-72˼ǰ""Σ˼ǰǷΡ
ִĻ־ȫϵιԣĸںѧӸֽǶȳи˵һԣָһιԵǰιԻĹڵ״̬ʿ�"Ӧ㺬壬ѳķɻձķӣӵķӦñƶõķɡ"[ ]199ΪȺмʥܣǻ۳ȺƷ³ڣӦЩϵȨȫ˵жҺ񡣷Խ֮ڣһɾһ˾ߣܸӰ졣ڶֹܹרϺ͸ܡĻʯûƶȻɻûбϡ
3ιΣ˹ԼֵĿԼֵ㺬塣˵ǰۼ뷨ιϵʱĿԼֵӦǿϣƳ£ɵ»յεΣաκ͵ֻڹԼֵศɡ໥ٽ
ѳķɻձķӣձطǷεĹԼֵҪطձԵ淶εĹԼֵɷĹġʷдλϵķƶȣƲȻų磬ҹŴν""ʵǴӹϽģ൱ִνƵںӡ
ǶԷεĿԼֵҪ󣬼ַɡȨƽ塢򡢷չȼֵء˴ӷεĿҪϵȨϾָɵĹ淶áǿDzġȨͷʱȨӦλڷɣ¡߹涨ͷʱӦԷɹ淶Ϊ׼Ĺ涨ʱΥɣĹ涨ʱΥϽҪѧ򣬳ֵµļֵȡִɵĻ񣬽һȫṹϽڲг걸ķϵִϽҪȨܼල˾ϽҪ֤˾ȷ˾ӷĻϽҪȽķѧۣҪõķʶεıƹȨá
ǰۼ뷨ιϵʱĿԼֵӦǿϣƳ£ɵ»յεΣաν»ָһϵͳڹ淶ѡԵΪλ¹淶ϵͳейŴ뷨ɹϵǵ»ɣ񷨹ϵ񻯷һᷨ¹ϵǡǡ෴Ƿɻ¡[ ]156ĿԼֵǿԷΪ׼һֺͷξӦĵ¡гôйıȻĽšĻĶԪ졢ε֮Ӧ淶ֻԷΪλϵȨԪữơйҪڵƽȵĴ񣬲ȫ򻯵ľ޳ʧȥ""ܻرȨԪữ༫ʷӦ󲽸Ρ˾ãӦȫ򻯵ơִḺ́Ǵͳ¼ֵḶ́ΪԷƶ¼ֵؽÿʱʱҪĵ·ɻ磬ǰгضĵҪ߽йгʵõȣְҵ͹µݷɻ
ĿԼֵǿԷΪ׼ӻӵµáʵû˷Ϸаŵ¼ֵ׷󡣷ԵΪֵȡûе»ķƱػɱΪߵר⡣ǰַ̽κ͵ιϵǴӷ¶Ϊϵ淶ǰ½еģκ͵ֻڹԼֵศɡ໥ٽκ͵Ϊѧѧеĺĸж㺬壬ڹԼֵ棬"Էι""Եι"ಢУ"Էι"rule by lawҪǹϵιrule of lawιԵιͬһεģʵвᲢֻɲҪĻҡ
[ο] ] .ʮ[].꣬1997.
[ ] йŴصۣʣݣٹѧԺѧ19973
[ ] 𴺷.˼ʷ[].йѧ磬1997.
[ ] ˲Ļйɳ磬1997
[ ] [ϣ]ʿ£ѧۣͣݣӡݣ1965
[ ] лͣ淶ѡֵؽйִ˼ۣͣݣϣɽ磬 1998

The Chinese Ancient Tradition of ruling by Virtue and Its Reference
CHU Chen-ge

[Abstract]: The Chinese ancient tradition of dezhi is composed of two aspects. One is that it requires the Regiment set itself an example and pay attention to cultivate their morality and be industrious to administration, called " yidefuren", which fully exerts its function of moral reforming. The other is to attach importance to the moral cultivation to the folk,"wei zheng yi de" and virtue subjecting to punishment. The former neglect the human nature and it is too ideal that it attempt to achieve honest government and industrious government by moral consciousness solely, thus the combination of ruling by virtue and legal system is needed. While the latter owns the folk-based thought and the way of moral cultivation with family-ethic tie, which is worth to use for reference. However, we should distinguish the folk-base from democracy lest canonize morality excessively to moralize the law. Rule of law consists of double meaning of instrumental value and teleological value. So ruling of law and ruling by virtue supplement and promote each other at the instrumental virtue level.
[key words]: Ruling by virtue; China; Ancient tradition of Ruling by virtue; reference; ruling of law
ڡƶѧ2002ڶ