ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

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ߣ¶˺ ڣ2006-1-3

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ӱ¿ʼ¬һת䣬Ȩѧ֤ɡתȨʵ֡νȨʵҲǹʵ֣ôα֤ԶأҪǣαΪʶǷɺ⡣

¬˷ɵıҪԡ֤Ϊ档һɶľԱҪԡԼ֮Ϊ񣬻γɵ⣬жжҪ¬ڡָ塷˵ΨһֻڷɶжΪ֪ûзɣѾγɵĹҾֻһûǣȻڵжΪÿ˶˳ӹ⣬⻹Ϊѭ⣬ͱʶ⡣DZ˷ɵıҪԡڶ衣¬ıŷϵһĸԴǣ˼ȲͬȻ򵥷ȻĹɣҲʹȻѭϵ۵塣ϵ˹娛ڡ۷ľпƪ˵㷺˵ʲıȻϵһдﶼǵķϵķķġǡǵķǵķǵķɴ˿ɼһԴŵġԺ͸ִ֮ĹϵͬʱҲǴ˴֮Ĺϵ¬ҲϿɴһȫԵձ壬ǣ˵ҪʹΪϣͱ໥ġңڲȻƲãDZʲô취ܱ֤˶ѭķ򡣴죬ǾͱԼͷȨһƺ¬ƪ˵ģ˵ʵ taking men as they are˽һ⣬Ȳ̧ߣҲ˱ͣʵʴڵ״̬ԹɾάֶΣ¬ԼĻ˵ɲϵ

¬Լķɸʾ˷ɵıʡձԡؼһλ£ȫȫ涨ʱDZֻǿԼˣʱγijֶԱȹϵĻҲֻijֹ۵֮µһֹ۵֮µ֮Ĺϵȫȴûκεķѡʱ涨ǹģ涨־ǹһΪҾͳ֮Ϊɡ

ȫȫ涨ʱ򡱣˫ձԣ־ձԺݵձԡһȫ˵壬ڶȫ˵Ƕ¬ر˵ֻԼ涨ʱ־ǹ־涨Ҳǹġعһµڶ¹ڹ𣬿ʹǸ̵¬ΪʲôҪͻȫˡ

ûԭquan tout le people statue sur tout le peopleӢwhen the whole people decrees for the whole peopleΪ뱾Ӣ뱾׼ȷӢ뱾˸оĿģ뱾˸оĶȫҲǿǵȫ¬Ҫǰ˼룬бҪعһǰ棬رڵ¬ڹ⡢ȨΪ˵ȫȫ塣⡰ȫ ԭpartir de tousӢ뱾come from all or issue from all뱾ȫ 뱾ķ롪 ȫ Ϊ¬ͼ͹Թ۵ձԣԴӸġضĿ ʹε˵ȫǺϡ

ڱ£¬ǿձԡڶձԣ¬˵ָǡֻdzĹͬԼΪǸԼΪ ǿԽǰ¹ΣԵǷɶĵΡҪע⣬¬󷴸ǿһ㡣ע⵽һܿȨͲȨںϵ𣬲˵ı־Ȩ¬ҪôȨҪôȨʹȨͬʱҲܿ¬ķɣϸ޶

ȻϸĵĶ߲Ҫʣձһʽôα֤ɵʵʹأҪѶߵǣ¬ʽıһʵʵĹ涨ԡ棬塪ȫ񡪡ʽͬʱҲһʵʹ涨ԡһAlthusserΪȫȫ仰ʽձԺݵձԣȫһʽǹ־ȫ塱һϵǹ档Щ򵥻¬󽲵ĵһȫ͵ڶȫ塱濴ʽʵʹ涨ԡ ڵ¬ȨΪ綨ΪͬĸԱ֮ԼԼʵDZҲ˵ȫȫͬʱҲȫÿԱ֮ԼǿÿһԱȨΪеIJƽȨӶʹӷɺͷԼͬѵ¹ȨΪĺϷԡƽԡԡȹԽǾͻóۣɵձʽձԺʵձԵĽϣ˵ʽʵĽϡΪˣ¬˵ʵзεĹҡʽΡҾͳ֮Ϊ͹ΪΨǹͳţġһкϷǹƵġһСҪ˵ʵзεĹң¬õtout Etat regi par des loisӢ뱾зevery state governed by lawҲзevery legitimate stateģ뱾Ӧ׼ȷš

ͬAlthusserĽۡɵͳһԵڣ־=档Ӧľǣ־=档¬˼ȫѾڣ־ձԺձͬһձԣ˵֮ΪܻȺţ⣬Ժۡ

ҿʼָģ¬ǴȨѧ֤תȨʵ֣һĵľǴԼĽǷɵıҪԺͱһؼĻڵ˼ȥ룬ǾǣƶģɲһԶʵֵļ򵥹̡˵ǹ֣ôӦ񡣿ǿʲôǻۣͨʲôأ¬󲻵òʵĹ۲˾ɥͱ۵ģDz֪ԼҪЩʲôäĿȺڡΪʲôԼã֪̫ˡôִϵһ׮شѵҵأܰ빦ͳһƽȵģʽ־ͬǻ۽ܱʵΪǻϰƺûĿܡʲôأ漣¬Ľ취ڴˡһصߡ ¬·һìܣȻһ취ԢһìܡǰȨӹʵı֮·ȫ˶ԣַDzܵһҵɽˮ֮ʱһ塣Ȼߵij֣Ȼµȴµɻ ڿЩɻ֮ȣͷɺߵĽɫ¬ķָճķɻǽҵܷ߰ߣ˵ϵǿΪɼȰܷҲճ˵Ϊһƣ˵һְ˹͹˵Ҫʹһѭĸ׼ЩҪ˵ܡʮ˻Ͱճܵ˵¬ҪѹϿܵĹ֮αʵԵǣһ֮ûξ顢ϰߺǻ۵ʱνε򣿺ʣȻҪ쵼¬쵼ͬʷϵǿߴӶع鵽רƵ·ȥ֮Ϊߡ¬߲ͬһ쵼ȲʵȨʹҲʹȨߣһͬȨ˵еֲʵʲһǷһʽĽɫһȻǻ µĵ˼ǣ߳е˼Ѿ޴񣨵һΣֲʹκȨ4-8ΣҲʹ˵9Σ˵ڽ̣10-12Σ¬ѷչΪıԣɰܵı׼ǿ뵽ǹȥ˺ڻڲǿۺϹҪе˾޴񣬿ֱ볬ȻСԸΪһ߽֮УͲܾйƷͱȻԼָı󻯡Ҳнû棬ߴ˽Ŀںš¬˵߲ʹκʵȨʹ뵽ִܻʡرᵽŴߵ¬ҲйΪԼ͹ݹܷңת͹ҲùģʽΪʹܷɣ߲òΪһЩǵķɾ滮һЩͼµҪΪʹߣ¬˵ڽ̣أ

Ķһ£ǽһ˹οܵġڵڶ£¬˵γʱ˵ĸ־ʣµIJ֣ѧħǿܵģҲϵĿԡDzſʼף¬ʵäĿȺڵǻɵģҪγɹ⣬ص߾Dzٵġ¬ϵУûдأҲûĻһ˼жϵ֮⣬ʲôİ취أ¬ڵǿ˵ƽȣòϲƽȵʵòƽƽȵĹеȱݣϵһų»ˡһ鷳ȥѰأߵ˼·ǿųģΪǰƵһ齨͸νķǷˡ߾ֻDZڵˡʲô취֤أʲô֤ߵǻأºijɾأڸȻأ

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