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ʱ:2007-11-1 17:00:00    ׺ɣ

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constitutionalismǽִҵĵԸܷѧҸϣΪ̵ֲϵ˼С֮£ǶӦconstitutionalismĻڸᣬӢѧΪᣬʹַʽڸ֮Ƶʹ֣ƣʱսӽϵйƵȻͬconstitutionalismֻܴϵƣ޷ȡʵϵƣʱշ棬йչᴬкȻ󣬵ϵʱںˣϵʱȴԶˣΪĵȫϵйԵˣעֻconstitutionalismĻתʽ໥ںϵIJѧĽǶȿconstitutionalismģconstitutionalismֳһϵϵһִ߼ʽģӦȻġɴ˿constitutionalismֻʽϵģʵϵģ˵constitutionalismģںconstitutionalismģ˵constitutionalismĿй˻ꡣĻĻIJصļֵᄈͻйûγضᄈͻϵͳûʵĸţֻйʼմһε״̬ƶҲƶ˥

 

ڡе߰ٿȫ顷УconstitutionalismҪأ(1)ϵȶԣ(2)ѡ(3)ƣ(4)Ȩ(5)ͽ¶(6)ԡľ京УconstitutionalismоҪؿɷΪ͹ƶȺۼֵжϡconstitutionalismۼֵУп͹ƶ֧ţʳֳľ̬ӶΪһֵԸһԽһʱ˵תͣ˵ںߵĵԻеõˣ٣졣ϣѲһԵģԶμʶ̬ͻΪ෴ͻijﱻԲòԶ꣬Ϊ֮䲻ɼԼ֮һۣжȨúͶȨսԵĴ죬ֱʻг֡ˣйĸDzѿеIJġ1940عейëӰٽΪⷢ˵ʲôأΣҪʲôأǾɵġʱŷʽġʲ׼רνΡԴԺë󶫾ҲûˡʮͰʮйתʱҹѧƽڽΪһҪأκȨĻҪȨĿġҹܷѧ½ҲΪӦʵʩܷΡΪܷΪǰᣬΪģԷΪԱȨΪĿĵ̬ι̡ͽΪʵκͷΪԭԱȨ͹ȨΪĿģܷ()ʵʩܷ()άܷ()չܷ(ܵΪ̡츣ΪΡλ˵ܷΡĻָܷ󷨵ʽõʵȷԱ㹮ʵչʵعʱڣתʱڣйĹҪҪ۵¼ֵҪɡΡȨȼֵȡΪӣʾĵ¼ֵжϡȻھ彨ƶȵȱ¼ֵжʧȥ֧ţйǾͳĸߴӰֵ޷ݡʶڴĦġݡУǼԻʵΪһ壬һٽ״̬ϲȥ²

 

ȻйܴһõƣйĴȴӹɵġconstitutionalismͬĸȻ֮Ȼʾ֮ͨԡѧ߰»˵ȣų㣬ƺһʼĻ˼Խ߽뻰֮ڡΣһԽľ룬һͨᄈ֮ѹͨ˼ӽһһʱͿռ䣬ӶһµҪԡһ֮Ϊܵˣǵֿչбزٵһֿ֣Կűֲۻ˼룬Ҳʹö˼ĬϳΪܣԵöôԶѾȫ߲֣ɣգ˼룬ij̶ֳϱµ÷µʱռеλı䡣ˣΡáĻIJͬconstitutionalismйٴйᄈиصǷȷе˵򱻸̫ζconstitutionalismȥԶˡйҲص뻯ɫʶ޷ʵߴΰĹʹҲ޷ʷԡعʱڣõĻǵĶ־ӶΪһֳɲµĹߣתʱڣͬǵ񾭣һõĹΪδʱεĿꡣˣй򲻾߱ʵĵֻƸΣӶΪһԸңҲšһdzţԽһֱԾйʷ̨ϣʼǿرһһ˵Ҹ׷ij־Ժ͹ԣӶţȱӦᄈע룬ӰֵرʵաˣʵãʱʱΪᷢչעһĻʵӦӵԼλá

 

ͬȣרһֵԸ19499£йٿйЭ̻һȫͨʱܷõġйЭ̻鹲ͬ졷ͬ졷ָйרй˽׼ũ׼Сʲ׼ʲ׼ӵͳһսߵȨԹũΪԹ˽׼Ϊ쵼ͬ졷1ȷ涨л񹲺͹Ϊ弴Ĺңʵй˽׼쵼ģԹũΪġŽ׼͹ڸרԵ۹塢⽨͹ʱ壬ΪйĶƽͳһ͸ǿܶ1954ܷڵ1涨л񹲺͹ǹ˽׼쵼ġԹũΪҡ2涨л񹲺͹һȨ񡣡1975ܷ1978ܷ涨й񹲺͹ǹ˽׼쵼ԹũΪ޲׼רҡ1982ܷڵ1涨л񹲺͹ǹ˽׼쵼ġԹũΪרҡϵܷظУר侭ۣ1975ܷ1978ܷΪ޲׼רʵʼûиı䣬ͨȷ׼ά򡪡һֵʹȻ

 

ܷΪҪԷɡºڽ̵ֳ̬̬ѡȡ̬ݡһȻķʽᣬʶܷطɣйһķʽᣬйܷص¡ڵļֵȡȶԹ淶ȻҲͲ⡣1949йĹ޷ʷϵģʷȻͨššִĹԲһԽǸݸ幫֮Эνƶȵγɡ͡ƵԷͬǡȫ塯ǡ塯乲ͬʽǡڶԡ񡯵Ľ綨Ϊƶȵһͣǽ׼ȫ棩ͨij׼ڵȨӶŹҵļֵȡɴ˲ĹȨܲ׵񣬶Ҳ縺žĵˣܷһľ꣬ëϯΪй쵼йھ˳ڵļ۵װʽĶԺƷ˵۹塢⽨͹ʱͳΣȡΰʤл񹲺͹й񽫼й쵼£˼塢ë˼롢Сƽۺ͡Ҫ˼ָ£ר·ָĸ↑ţĸƶȡ

 

ɴ˿ĸУרҲʷĻ϶עµĻվǵ̬µIJµconstitutionalismⲻ߼һٿ֤ǷdzġӦעǣ֤ڸļֵȡϣͺñľͰݻȡ͵һľ塣ֻ˵ҪôԷƱҪôΨҶļֵȡϣ˹ָеĴߣһ㶼ڰȫġġԤġϷĺ֯磻ģϵġԿƵġҵԼΣ鶼ᷢˣ׷Ŀꡣ˵γɼ̬չıȻҲdzߡһϣνǡ;ͬ顱ȻҲΡʷĻȵIJͬ׷ĹУûбҪҲܿʽһ£Ը໥ȡ̡ˣרûconstitutionalismʷḻҲû㽵ѤʣDZĬءʵʵ뵽ǵˡǿ˵רõģͬõġεĶ޷ʽȣרһʵʵڵʽ

 

塪ڽ֮άJϣ ֥ ƽУ1997档ѧ֮άɭ࣬ï֣룬2001档