ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

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Ϊʮΰ˼ңйΪԼǡἰˡⱾУᡱthe Open SocietyһKΪؼҮ˽ͬΪԼġԷ򡱣Լǵ˹ܵġᡱthe Great Society[1]ΪʦԲƪƣ硶ἰˡҲڴ˲СֻǶһƪС¡ԭ򡷼ۣԴΪҵһƪѧϰɣ һ

ƪµĵһһɵġ⣨1ΪһֱҪĶ񡣡Ȼ˼ADZҪģBһֶ֤Aʱղͳ˼Դ˹homo-homini-lu-pus[˶]ԹۣһľԭԵݣʹĹ֮ǿֵ֮ġһ̬DzģˣҪ˵ȨߵȨBʱռ̳˼ʷԴԶĶȨij׵ĻɡֶԹȨĻɣԼϣʱڵȻ˼롣ڶʮ͵˼ʷϳһ£ʵ֤巨˼Ĺ㷺˼ǿڹҵκͷӡ翭ɭΪҺͷͬһģҾһַ[2]ڶʮΪȨ塢˹ṩ˼֧Ԯ˼ΪصĺҮΰġ֡[3]һֱһɵ˼룬ڶಿ硶ɡɡһж̵[4]Ʋ⣬ڴеĵһǿһֶ⣬ġܶʱȷĶǿʢСΪ硰ӱȻҵԡһҲȻ!

⣬⣨1ҲһκͷǻۡһЭǻۡDzûйңⲢζּ֧ȨĹ;ƹǶģҲ˵Ӧʵ塣ӦˡȨ塪֮Эһ£ѡҵͬʱչһϵзֽ⣨ƺ⹫Ȩƶȣ֤ܹ֮棬ֱܹ֮˼ʷϣһų״þɵΪƳһ硱[5]˼롣һʵŵĵӡʷ֤DzܳɹģǺõģȴɾ޴ĻͿ̿ʿһԷΪĵС˵ΪˡΪĿΪĵáʥij嶯׷ij嶯ͼͻԵ޶ȣ׵طͳ󽨹һ硱ѪɺӣˣԱΪеʥ嶯ͷųģĴ󱯾硣[6]⣬йҲʵ1949Ժ󣬹ͳʱڵһƶȣڷɷ棬ȫ飩ãɨɾȻһŰֽϣƻл񹲺͹ͼǣ30ʱȴ˶ϣ˵ԵȻ޴棬ͷټƻõд棬յĸĸ龫ǣʱȻѾԶˣֱԵԣְܵת䣬гĸ֪ʶɳֵؾŻԴá

ߣҪþ򣬽ţѧԨԴϣİͼͼʵĶֹ۵һ˼룺ʵDzģֻģǣһϵĵ³嶯DZҪȱʵ磬һõġʱգӦԽԽ˵Ե޶ˡҲֻжԵ޶ȣܿΣյĵ³嶯ʶЭҪԡ

ƪе⣨123塣⣨2Ϊ£ԲѪƷһΪҪҮҲָΪֵֹܹԺƽʽΨһˣDzͨһֹϵijԷעֻ֣֮ǻˡ[7]ݹʷˣйʷũDzϣĸҲũٳɡΪũܷ֤࣬ר֮֮֮⣬ܱ˵йʷũ׼νܸߡ[8]ʵϣκڱƵͶ·ʱΪԴȣҸͶǽΪϺԵѡ񡣶ͨѪʽ֡ע֮֡Ԫ谴ũתΪ̫棬ƸǹοΪйΰѼǧֵһһҵġʷɡ[9]Ŀƣ춨ȶĻʯ

⣨3Ϊ屾ܸκ棻ֻṩһֹܣһ̶֯ĺһķʽжҲ˵һֳԼֵṩһжĿܡڷζԣdzһҪ⣨4ƣѡΪȷģΪͳ֪ıײٵĴͳһȻԶġ

⣨678ǿ˴ͳҪԡ⣨6ΪĴͳDzܱʵеġһ˶ڴͳĿɹӣΪҪᵽִƴļŵġ[10]ڴͳʷкܶΪӦشͳڴͳĿ½нĸĸ[⣨7Ϊһֽĸһָĸ죨רȨǴ]˼ҿгܶ࣬簣ɡؿˡӡ˶ٹпάҮ˵ȵȡһ˼룬ôǿҲΪҮ˱ǣһΪʲôʱ򶼻ԲɵķʽΪܣڶǶijضǷɣΪձܵĹϵͳмԽķʽǿǷݺϡ[11]⣬ҮչйҼϵʱʮǿֲƶȵʱע֧һƶȵĺܿδֵӦͳ[12]ߣҮ˵ĵعĶйͳĴתţȻҲһ˼ΪǰġҲǴһ˼⣨8ָûбȻٵ¹һҪĴͳΪΣյˣ[13]

µڶΪ۵ۡȣ֤˼ɺ̽áָ̽Ҫ(2Դ3ͨ12ۣ𽥵طǵƫɵۣܹʹеIJ˼Уij̶ֳϸıԭе뷨˼Դ;עΪȽǵ˷ֻȥ̣ͨ˵ȷȴʹ⣬Ϊ۵ļֵҪྺ۵ĶԡȻȫһµˣDzҪ۵ġֻй۵ȷ໥ۣУȷĹ۵ʤΪΪ˽ܺ͹ͬʱߡֻϣ˴˷ḻ⣬Ӷ˼뷢չˣȷĹ۵ʤ۵սᣬǡǡ෴һ۵Ľ̡ţ֪ʶͨϱС֤αԷչġ

Ϊ˼һԤǣ˵޵ģյ֪ʶǷɢġȫģȫ֪ȫܵDzڵġΪˣ˼˼ɡɲбҪйԽļ˼ţҲ۴ٳɵġ2070ĩ׼ĴۣӰͬҲҪɵԴͳĩָ۵ĴͳͨҵĴͳ۵ϰߣеǿԼЭ׼ϣ,ܵ۵ӰӦս仯ͷչŵĴͳܹȡͨƵġۡɹеְܡ

յƪ½ʾľ衣ϣʷϵܵ˼Ϊ֧ţںϣֺͬ˼ҵĹ۵ӡ֤෢ܽ˼ҡҮˡĶܿð£

*ģӱ⣬Բաԭһġ

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[1] Үˡɡɡһض룬йٿȫ磬2000꣬ۡҳ4

[2] ǺĬѧѧ뷨ɷ룬йѧ磬1999꣬ҳ125

[3] Ӣ֡롤Үˡӱѧ磬2001꣬ҳ1-31

[4] Үˡɡɡڶض룬йٿȫ磬2000꣬ҳ65-93

[5] ׫Сۡϸ룩ĺӰС˵硷ġ1984Ǿġǡһ𹹳ɷа

[6] ڷԲμѧڵľĸ𡪡¬޲˹ӶϺ꣬1994ꡣ

[7] Үˡɡɡڶض룬йٿȫ磬2000꣬ҳ471

[8] Ȼܾݴ϶޳ʱµһ۵йũйũ岻߱ʵǿйʷϵũġ򡱲ȱĽ׼ײߡʵϣʱ㼫ԡ⣬۵Ϸĩ2003220A3֮йѡ״桷 [9] ʷɣɲΣ֮ģ߳ʷɡĽضࡶë˼룺׵Ϻ磬2000ꡣ

[10] 䡶ѧĻʡй磬1998꣩еĶƪּŵ¡

[11] Үˡ塷ءҮļѡ룬׶ó״ѧ磬2001ꡣ

[12] ڹҮעҳ60أҮļѡ룬׶ó״ѧ磬2001ꡣ

[13] ع侲Ϻճ磬1998꣬ҳ25-41