ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis



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ѧѧĹϵ׶Σ档ߵĶ̸ƺǴӡҪterritorial imperativeвġͲ(Ian Barbour)ָͳ(neo-orthodoxy)Էٶͬڽ̺ͿѧȫġϷ(language games)ֻмٵغ򣨾Щطһ£ĵǷ⣬漰ѧľݡƺΪҪֶΡ

ѧڽȫ໥ߵijͻͿԱ⡣һԶԻ໥ĿҲųˡDzܰΪȻֿijᡣΪ໥ϵܷչѧƣԱоIJͬ档Ͳ˵гֵġʥʹţϵȫȻˣǶڽˡϵͳһȻĿѧǿҵĻУڽҲһؼ1)

ЩΪѧѧ֮ijǿܵġϷʽȻѧnatural theologyУݳƣϵ۵ĴڿԴȻƵ֤ƵȻ֤ǿѧʹʶġȻѧ(theology of nature)УѧҪԴڿѧΧ֮⣬ǿѧҲӰ쵽ijЩ塢رǹڴ±ϵͳۺϵУǿѧڽ̣ƶζѧѧķչͼֱȻѧȻѧԼߵĹϵɴ˲ѧȻй

Ȼѧŷѧͳֲͬĺ壺һ棬Ӣ֤ͬϵһȻĸӶʹƵ䴴£ȻѧԾΪѧʾʥƵȨԴһ棬ڵ¹ָʷʵͽṹ壩Ϊѧ෴ȻѧָѧΪݶȻķ˼ѧȦȻѧȻѧϾͱΪȷġˣʥӿѧ֪ʶܶʥĻԸȻѧеģʽ档ѧѧͨǵĿѧ֪ʶѰʱȻѧķ㹫ֳJohn PolkinghorneҲԼ˵ǸȻѧΪȻѧѰҶڷ¼̵ĿܵĽͣѰһֶԾȫеĽ͡ʱĿԻѧɺʱǴӿѧ֤ϵ۵۶ϣʥۺͶȻа۸ȻѧĴͳ ȻѧĿԼԡ˵ǿӵģһ֤ͲСȻѧҪﵽĽͬʵ۵ģϵǿ͹۵ġȻĴڡǵ֪ʶDzƵģͼȴѧеʵۡ ޳ɿѧѧʵ۵˶ͼӿѧ֤ѧͼѿѧļʶͬѧۺһ㷺ļܹУ磬Ȼѧѹʵڵ֪ʶijʽĿѧʵۣͬϵ۵Ĺȡѧʵ۵ʽȻزȡѧʵ۵·ߣһһۺܻӭģΪѧѧ֪ʶѧſԽһһϵУѧѧ߲һµĹ۵ͻһġۺϵķʽЩտѧʶΧǴڽ̹۵㡣ʹѧ֪ʶݺѧ֪ʶݲܱһѧԾɶԿѧʵ۸Ȥ Ȼܶ༣ѧֵ¹עٶʹѧ˼⡣µ΢ѧͺѧԼѧ̬ѧͨ˿ЩͬĻƵĿԣͬͨΪȾĻΣйء̬ѧΪһԻ⣬Ϊ±־ҲܳΪƶѧѧĸгɹģʽ

һ0µգEarth Dayʹѧ˫սһƶһֶȻѧϸһֹȻѧܴ߼˵ǰȡںߣǣƶijѧٴ⣬ѧǾûϾݲȵؽѧ˼ Ȼ죬ڽ뻷ѧ¶ԻӰĺȴѧ⡣²(Aldo Leopold)ٽ(land ethics)̬(ecological conscience)˵ѧѧĹУ򣬾ͲĻ

ҪѧȫĵعעȻļֵս׶˹(Richard Means)ġ˵ǶȻúã뵥һľÿǵıᶨظֵǡ2)

ʱȻ(nature-ethic)ڽ̳ʩΤ(Albert Schweitzer)ġѧΪǰľ޴ǽԣʩΤҪһĶȻǰһѧеijԡȻľԣһʩΤԼҰ⼸ȫв׼ŷ˵⣬̬ѧҲɵģġѧڶԪ۵ѧУǿȻ־ԵĶĺصĸ塣(Henry Clark)ͬоʩΤ塷ʿ٣1962нͨϣ(Paul Tillich)ͻغ(Alfred North Whitehead)ӰЩȱݡϣǽʶȻѧ֮һȻԵϣоߺע˼һ档

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ȻѧָDzʾƾ뾭ϵ۵Ľ塣һƴʼо(M.Terentius Varro)ʫѧѧȻѧУȻѧָǶԵѧ˼ѧҹȻʵڵĽ͵һ֡Ȼѧʾѧڻ˼ʷϣȴȻѧһʼص㣺һ֤ϵ۵ĴڣΨ壬Իз˼ۣȻѧ۵㿴ǿƣԭ˵пܻĹϵ۵֪ʶǣȻ׹˰ܻˣʾDZزٵġڽ̸ĸǵĹ۵㡣ҲƣԿ֤ʥڵĴʴȣijЩȻԭ˵ȷġ̵Ĺ۵㡣

ȻѧУйϵ۴ڵ֤ȫԵĻ֮ϣǽʷʾʾѧڽ̾飨ȻѧĻ֮ϡ˹ǣThomas Apuinas֤Ͱ֤ļʽһ֤ԣÿһ¼ԭDZϵһ(First Cause)ܱ׷ݡһ֤˵ܲڣDZȻڵĴڡЩⶼ˵Ľ(boundary questions)ΪǽָĴڼһص㡣Ŀ֤ͬǴΪȻһԺͿԳǣȻдƵľ֤Ҳᱻáһ֤ʽǴӿѧеóġ

ѧĵdzֳȻĺгĹľ⣬Ϊϵ۵Ľţ˵뿪˹ѧܣ۾ͲܱƳ(Robert Boyle)ȫȻʴƵ֤ݡ˵ţٵһƵӱôȻ۵ߡʮڣ(W.Paley)˵ڻԭзһֱͿɵóۣ˵һǵĴƳġĿУิӵһԶĿϵһͬԵóṹһߡิӲĺijֵһܣ۾еӾ֤֤һߡ

(David Hume)ѶĿ֤Ȼеģʽ֯ԭܾлڲлⲿΪһֻ֤DZһ޵ϵۻֵĴڣ֤Ψһ۵ȫܵĴߡϴаͻϰѵҲ԰һв̫ʴȵͼĴȻǴĶһ֤ĴΪ֤ӦԿżȻıȻѡ͡һԶĺͷ˸Ĺ̿ԽȻеƣںԾɳϽɱǴƵIJ

½ͽһִӶΪڽʾΪȻΪġһЩ޳ɶһ֤ԸĽ˵ǺԵģڵлṹУʵԺȻС̽ԺȻɲЩл塣ϵ۵ǻڶ̵вܱʮ(F.K.Tennant)ţȻ໥ֵ֧Ľṹͳһϵл壬Ϊµġѧĺǵ׼3)Ŀ֤±˼˾ռߵġͳ˼ΪȻѧʾѧ׼ء4)

ִ(Karl Barth)Ͳɶ(Emil Brunner)йۡؾܾȻѧĸɶȻѧĹһ۾ζΪţ̻֮Ļִǣ̻ѵӦԺΨҮջϵʾصĹ۵㹹ɸɽ̻ġԡ(Barmen Declaration)ĻصġԻΪġûбĸѧ᲼(Reinhold Niebuhr)ԼϣܡϣΪȻѧϵͳزϵ۵Ļ⣬ṩϵ۴ڵ֤ݻ֤ѧ֤ЩǰʶԺʹڱǽʾ̵Щ˻ش

һκλشûбձܡѧܵѧѧʹӰ죬ͼµķʽһ⡣ Ӣѧ˹²Richard Swinburneȫ溴Ȼѧۿѧѧе֤ʵ(confirmation theory)ʼڿѧչУµ֤ݲʹ۱ȷʵ෴һкԣ֮Ϊĸʻ֤ݵӶӻ٣˹˹²Ϊϵ۵ĴкԣΪмԣΪߵĶ˸Ľ͡һ֤ۼĿԡҲſѧܽϵʶĴڡΪ˽ʶԴҪ֮ijڽ̾ṩҪ֤ݡ˹²óۣǵȫ֤ݿ۸Ϊܡ5)

µ֤ıѧԭ(Anthropic principle)ѧҷ֣ijЩͬйֵвͬĻе㲻ܳ֡ƺŵʺĿԡ磬(Stephen Hawking)˵ڴը֮һ͵ٶС1/20ﵽڵĹģǰٴ̮6)ɭ(Freeman Dyson)ɴ˵óۣѧѧЩżȻ¼ĴУǿԵóۣһʺﰲҵ֮ءΪһܹʮͶʮ˼ϰѬյĿѧңҲΪ潨֤ϵ۵Ĵڡֻ潨ͬ˵һµģ˶źĵá7)

¦(John Barrow)(Frank Tipler)֤Щ֤еĶмҪļֵ8)ѧ˹(John Lesile)ѧԭָ֤һֿѡĽӦļٶһ񶯵ѭУͬʱĶСЩ˴˿ܲͬһֵĿɱص֮ڡ9)⣬ȻеijЩ֮ԱȻΪѧƶĸͳһۡ

ظ(Hugh Montefiore)ƣдƵ֤ѧԭͽķԡ(J.Lovelock)ġǼ衱л׿(R.Sheldrake)ġ̬(morphogenetic fields)ڿѧͬкܴ顣ظЩ֤֤ϵ۵Ĵڣ߱͸Ϊܡ10)

Щ֤ЧԵڼһڽ̶ԪȻѧԾмΪӿѧϿʼǿԿѧΪڴĻڽ̵һԶDzԡЩ֤Կ˷谭ϰ֤ߵĹĽͼ˵һǣʹЩ֤Ҳᵼһʥ˸񻯵ϵֻۡܵһԶǻ۵ߡ⣬ʵǴЩ֤дﵽǵڽġȻѧԱϵ۵ĴǺļ裬һڽ̹ͬʵ̫Զ̫ԶҪǣȻѧִͬѧ̬ĹϵԶ ѧͨϵ֮;
ѧȻϵ˼̥ԴšڻʱͣɽǵѧѧҾͰͨϵ֮;ͨѧ֮;ѶԱĿѧʶϵ۵ѧʶһ˼ԪǰһͣЩѧҾͨͼʿº˹ɵ(a priori)ʽʶ硣ǹ̽ʵ֤ƶ˼ʵ顱(thought experiments)ԱʾоʵڵʡЩȻѧܵѧ԰(New Academy)ĹdzΪѧ(dogmatics)ΪѧϸȻΪĿǽʾ۵κʵڵʵʡⱻʽѧ(dogmatic science)

ڽĿѧУѧ˼ʵطijıĿԼҪྫͬǸʵһ£Ϊʵʾ˼αǶ⡣

£ȻʵͬʡֻҪڶضʼ֪ʶԼƶʵʽϸĿѧ̽Ϳκοѧ֪ʶɽǣйضϵ۵ʺͻĿѧѧ̽־Ŵ̻ΰѧҷչѧǺͿѧ໥Ӱ죻ͨϵ۵ʾʶϵۣӰ쵽ȻѧʶѧѧԴʶҲӰ쵽Ȼѧϵ۵ʶ ɽǣѧѧͳʼѧѧӸϡʶϺѧ໥áǰעеʹĽϣеʱռеĵĽϣԣ֪ʶĻ۷㷢˼仯ѧѧʼͬһһռʱноӦעΪϵۣϵ֮ά֡ɽǵѧѧҷŵ(John Philoponos)Ϊϵ۵֪ʶ͹֪ʶศɡȫۿѧһΪռһ㣬˹(Thomas F.Torrance)Ϊб˵ͨϵ۵;ͨѧ;һһģʶϵʶѧһµģѧͨϵ۵;

ŵ˸ԵȻѧ˹ڵѧŵйʥѧʹżȻʼ˸ʵʶͬʱѧĶ̬ҲӰ쵽ѧĶ̬ʶۻӽǵ˽⡣δ뵽ݳΪǽٶ֮һ߼ϵϵΪϵ۳ɶģвͬϵ۳ԵżȻʽԽָ˵ĻѧʹӽѧĿѧʹӽϵۡ˵ϵ۵ķ֮֮ѧʮҪ żȻ(contingence)ĸżȻʵڡżȻǼҪĸǵȫѧرǴ˹(Clerk Maxwell)Ͱ˹̹ĽѧԴΪDZѧ򼫶˵ġʥд족 (Creatio ex nihilo)ĸʹѧϳΪܲڵżȻָϺʽɵϵ۵ɴ첢еԣԸͬϵ۵ijԣȴڻںߡ

żȻָĿ϶棬ҽ(self-explicable)dzָijΪһмȴռɡżȻԲȻѧԽͽ͵ġȻȫȻѧͼƶȻɣ϶ͬżȻʼԵżȻʽйءζţȻѧܽûа취ӿѧֵ̽żȻʻϵۣΪ⽫趨粻żȻģDZȻġDz˵Ȼѧ̽ͼʶȻʵϿṩͨϵ۵;Ȼ˹ΪΪżȻģ䱾ԶԣԽԼĬĬԵҪһȻѧǽӽϵ۵;ֻǴͨԽȥʶϵ۵;ŻھżȻԣȻѧƶȻʱǴڵĽޣĬĬԵָijʽġĹɡ(law beyond law)ָһռġΪʲô(why)ɵij(transcendent reason)ھżȻʣԣ뿪ͬϵ۵Ĺϵձ㲻⡣

ѧʶȻܵռġԳΪ򣬾ͲҵȻɵռɡҾ仰˵ĸܱѧ֤ǿѧģӶҲһ˼ıҪǰᡣôνȻѧأΪ˿ѧػش⣬Ӧǵ㣺һӦ濼ڻʱѧҺѧĽʽѧʣӦʱ۶ʶ۵塣

ϸĿѧУǶκ̽ʺͶʾʶ˼ƶ֪ʶ֤һ֪ʶȻѧҲѧÿһֿѧУǶƶ˷϶ʵʽʵڵʽͬʶʽҲͬʶ˵ʽǴӷ˸ʽ˸ʽת䡣Dzܰ˵ơǣת̽ϵ۲ͼıԣNatureʶʱǾͬʽ廯Ϊʶϵۣǵʶϵ㷢ʶ۵ĵߵڰϵ۵ռʥʶϵʱ˹ΪֻͨʾͶʶֻڳݡ羴жϵʥԡǫ˳ӵӦʹԼΪ;ʶϵαʶʵαʶģͨʾʽ˺ܴԱӦϵ۵ijʵǿҪǿѧѧʽѧ漰ģϸϵ۵ıԼʵʶϵۡϸϣȻѧǷϵ۵ıԵѧ

죬۾ܳԪۣȻǶȻʶĸϣǻϵʶǿԴͳȻѧӰܴ󡣰˹̹Ϊݾܾţٵľѧռʱ˶ĶԪۣܾ뾭ĶԪۣܾѧʶ뾭ҪصĶԪ֡˵ӦѼѧֿͬ뻯ʹ֮ΪĸϵͳΪú֪֯ʶⲿܡΪѧӦŵѧ֮ڣΪͬѧɷȻѧһʽⲢ˵ѧ̲ʧˣ˵ѧѧĺеʶ۽ṹûѧѧ㲻ס

˹ţΪȵ(praeambula fidei)Ϊڹϵ۵ʵ֪ʶĶĸϵȻѧӦԾܳ⣬ΪΪʶͺͲϵ۵Ļʵʵľ֪ʶʹ֮Ť˼ʽųȻѧϸĿѧҪģΪϸĿѧҪǵȫǰÿԤĿܶҪ̽ʾ顣Ȼ˹ȫȻܾȻѧΪӦȻѧתѧʵݣԱ仯˵ʽǹϵ۵֪ʶʶ۽ṹȻѧ㲻ⲿIJ(parameter)Ҳǹϵ֪ʶʵĶ߼ṹͬʥɪ(St.Anselm)Ѱ(⣬Fides Quaerens Intellectum)Ľһ£ҲͬȻѧȷʶһ£Ϊڻ̹żȻĺĽӰ²ġ11)

˹ţʱϸĿѧѧĽͣǿ˹һżȻĺɵĿԵڴһijĻⲢ˵ѧƾͨϵ۵;˵ͨϵ۵;;ϵ۽Үϵĵ (Word)͹(Light)ǵġȻѧȻѧ㲻ڣδȫʧȻѧС

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ȻѧijЩȻѧӿѧʼ෴ӻڽ̾ʷʾڽ̴ͳʼΪݵǰĿѧijЩͳ¼ƶѧڽ̱㱻ΪԶĹԴȪͬʱǵĹȴвغ򡣾˵⡢˵ıԵĽ嶼ܵѧֵӰ졣ڽҪͬѧ֪ʶЭһ£ҪijЩ޸ġѧǽϣչϵĿѧص㣬Ӧн޵ġ˼ۡѧͬѧ֤һ£ܿѧ֤ݲDZز١ ǶȻһصʶӰǹϵͬȻĹϵģʽʶ죬ȻѱdzͻȻֵɵʷĶ̬̣صǻȻԺ͹ԡȻǺϺ̬ġ໥ĺͶεġЩ޸Ƕϵۺͬ˵ȻĹϵ棬ҲӰǶȻ̬ȣ̬ʵ塣аҲڽжǷڽֹ¼Կǡ ﻯѧҺѧƤˣArthur PeacockeΪѧ˼ijһڽ̹ͬĹȥ͵µڽ̾ԼĽʹͳڽɹͬͬԡȫԺЧԵı׼ġƤݵǰĿѧ²ͳϸۡѧǾѧлȻԺ͹áлǵĶεȼṹнϸ߸ӲϵĶػʽij֡ڶвϵDZܵ̽УȻԾлáϵͨȻԵ̽д죬ͨһ̵жϽиԤ졣ȻĴ¼ϵϵ۵ĴԻ12)ϵͨѧʾȻĹ̽д졣

Ƥôı̸һȻԺ͹Եеϵ۵Ļ˵Ȼϵ۵״ɨȻϵĶֶDZܡҵĻĿԺͿ໥ͬʱڡƤ˰Ĺ۵˵(Panentheism)Ƿ(pantheism)ϵУҲϵУΪϵ۲硣һطƤ˰ϵ۵壬ϵͷԻꡣƤıϵͬѧʾȻĹϵ

Үջѧҵս(Teihard de Chardin)ȻѧһijЩΪ˵һȻѧһʽǴӽ֤ϵ۵ĴڡͲΪⲿӦǶԿѧʹӻͳ뾭вڽ̹ۺϡսرڽ̴ͳԼڽӰ졣ϵ۸ҲܵӰ죬ܲǴӶԽķвġս̸ĴϵһδɵСŷ٤(Omega Point)ͬǽķԵ˼죬ҲǶԻĩ۵Ķؽ͡13)

κȻѧΪӦм⣺ǷӦ²ϵȫܵĹŵѧΪϵ۵ȫܡȫ֪ͬɺаѵĴЭ۲ݡǣڸſѧУȻԵ⡣ǻάʥȫܵĴͳΪڿѧ˵ĻȻ¼ϵƵ𣿻ߣɣȻеĻȻԣӳϵ۶ԤȨƣһĴ ӦϵежͳԵһʹҪֱ˿ѧоĴҪͳһϵ۲ԤҪ෴ȴͨҪжҪֶ¼賹׽͡ȻۣDeism,Ϊϵ۴һʼΪⶨ˼ƻͨԼĽṹۻ߻ȻʣչʾԱﵽĿġʥʥĶǷᱻϵȻԭͬʱõһأǻԽ̸ϵ۵һж̸ʷЩȻѧӦشġ

죬ȻѧΪΣϵĻṩȷΪۣƬǿʥijԣϽ񻮷Ȼ͡жȻͳεĹʱΪ޽ƵͳȻ绤ﱻΪֶΡҪָʥǿֻ֧˶⡣ ǰºȻѧǴӻѧʼġһ^šԻ(Dialog)˹ڡꡱרģ˹ն(Joseph Sittler)¹עȻ¡ڡ͡Ϸˡһֹעѧ19649£37/3ɭ(Harold Ditmanson)ڡһִѧ˵·¶ȻѧĿ£һ֡ѧ(a theology of creation)ʾʼǴȻʼǴȻ֤ϵۣȻѧǰϵ۵ʾȻϵһ

һֹעȻѧķչҪ½̶ȻѧķУҪеĿѧڽ̼ľЭ飺ڽ̺Ϳѧ໥ϷͲԶߵķΪƽͣעǻغĹѧйⷽӦע³˹(Eric Rust)ġѧŦԼţ1956͡ѧ뵱ѧѳǣ£1969ԼĴѧҲ(L.Charles Birch)ġȻϵۡѳǣ£1965ᷨ(Conrad Bonifazi)ڡѧѳǣ1967й㷺˻̴ͳף֤ڻ̹е塣

ƶȻѧĻа(Frederick Elder)ġ԰Σ뻷ڽо1970ţ̬Σ֮ԷΪԼǶһ޶ġڰ(inclusive)ų(exclusive)֮ȡм˹(Loren Eiseley)Ϊһϵ̬ѧҺͽߵĴˣʷ̬ѧ˿Ȼ֮ٵлɲֹ֣۵Ϊۡ(biocentric)෴ǿĻųԵ۵˼봫ͳͬȻֿ̧˵ĵλΪųĽ֤ǵս˹Harvey CoxɭHerbert Richardson

һѧڽʾ྿ӦԼͬȻ̬һ𣬻ǿԴԼ̬ϵͳһ⡣һִѣܰ۵㱻̵ѡ࣬²δ֤ӦԽȾؾ(numinous experience)Ľ۵Ȼ塣ңѵս㵽˹ɭųӪҲ⡣ʣսڡ˵СΪ㡱ԼڡȻ˻ (hominization of nature)Կͬ˹ġ֮ǡɭϵͳѧƵģ֮׷ߣΪлذŵ֮СδĶʫԵġǾȷġͼͨȫ˵ġ̽һְȻڵĸΧҰдڿ顣սܿӦͺ(Julian Huxley)һġֱߡ(verticalist)ǰ˿ڽͻֵģֳеµĿԡ µѧ᲼(H.Richard Niebuhr)ѧdzơ᲼뻷һµĸˡŦԼ1963ڱ̬۵ġ򿪴ţԱԱȴ˵ķʽķʽ⡰ơ롰񡱡᲼ļһ(monotheism)ԼֵΪĵĹϵ(relationism)ļֵϵԽۺۣʹпܰϵۡȻĸӹϵΪģһĻŦԼ1960

·ߣͽпΪͬ价Ĺϵȷѧ뻯 ̬ͨȻѧ
ѧ۵ʷϣȻͬĽ׶Ρڵһ׶Σʥͳ͹ŴͼںΪһڽۡںУķأұŵ˹أų⡣ͬĴĹϵϵijԽԵѧʱϺͿռ޵ġżȻĺڵڵڶ׶Σѧ۵ѧҲʹĴ۴г׷Ѵ۹Ϊ˶Դѧѧڻ˴˵Ľޡ죬ѧѧѽ׶ΡڣȻϾҪϴȥĻô̬ѹѰѧѧȴΪ֮ܶ·ѹ£ѧѧ˻еĻ顣ѧǷ֣DzŬѧѧ֮仮ޣDzҪģΪԭȶӹɵѲڡѧҲ֣ѧά¸ۣ෴򣬶ʵ򣬶ֵԿǵĻ顣ȫ֡Ҫôһ磬Ҫôû硱״£ѧѧûһһʵڼʷ֡෴ѧͿѧͬʵֶ̬ʶ˼Ȼѧ׶Ρ 죬ǰʵڻΪȻ۴ӿѧǴѧ˵ٵġҪ̬ȻѧĿIJҪʶ̬һַյ۵ҪĿӦΪ̬Σṩյ㡣˵ѧѧ֮ĹϵУĬнȻҲԼķʽΪ顣ѧѧķֻ΢ˡҪ̬ʹѧѧͬȻӦ

ѧ֪ʶѸӡͨһɲۣDzǵġʶ̬֧ЩۣͨȨǣҲû洦֪ʶıѸӣµۼܵķҲǰӶݣױ档ԽԽʱͼص㡣DZǿԱ仯ģǴԵġˣһйȻѧ۽ǿɱģҲʱġ ̬׶ΣǿʼϵͳĻʶϵͳﲻٽ˵ĶͬʱҲԼĻṹԼĻСΪʶҲʼĻУĻʶ͹ζſ廯˼άʽյۺԵ˼άʽСһĿķۺϵķ֪ͬϵʶԵʶ档ڵڶ׶Σռλķǰѿ͹۹ڵ׶ΣҪǰѿڻǻС ɴ˶ȻѧʲôأѧҵDZΰѴΪȻڣѧӦȻΪϵ۵Ĵ졣Ȼϵ۵Ĵ죬ζżȲʥģҲаģǰ硱ϵ۴ģͲDZĴڣֻżȻġżȻģͲܴϵ۵Ĺֻͨ۲챻ʶǽⲢʶϸ򣬱żȻġʱĺױġȻҲˡ УܹΪѧ֪ʶĶһУӦǡǣĸֹˣΪɶʵDZģһʵڵ˵ԣԼ˵޵ľҲDZġִѧÿһֻУDZĹͬ塪DZѵĹͬ塣ϾûбĴ칲ͬ塣Ժ־ɵͬȻԵԣҲDZġżȻģԶɾԵġ ǣĸ˷ΧʶȻ֮ijʷݻ̵ϵ͵صĴߣǡһпɼͲɼĴߡˣɼġġÿѧʶʵڣֻǴһ֡ǿʹ֮ΪʶͳζǸȻѧ˵ֻDZĿɼһ֡ȻΪϵ۵Ĵ죬ζŰѾʶһʵںδʶһʵڷŵһıУӶ֪IJֿԵġָڣָ⡣ Ϊ˰ȻΪϵ۵Ĵ죬ѧΪǰ״Ǵʥġ족ϵԭжϣһĶá޳ϱġȴڱĵǰ״֮£ԼԸ⣬ǽ˵ģ819-21޳ūɵǿƺͶϵҫδĿĿԣĵǰ״˵Ҳκڵǰ״п족ˣͱһܿ࣬ҲΪ״£ȻģȲǴԭʼ״̬ҲսᡣDZӵˣ̣ĹѣһδĽŶĿԡѡȻ죬ζŰѡȻǿŵıū۵ıȥѧٿȻѺȹɵʷУѧҲʹ˽ָҲһԭ򣬡Ȼϵ۵Ĵ족ķžʵ塣 ̵Ľ
ȻѧȻѧͼۺϿѧѧŬȻѧǶԸ̬ΣIJԻ̶ԣȻѧͨȻʶϵۣͨϵ۾ȶĴȻѧֻʾ˶ϵ۵ʶжˣȻѧʹ˵þȣֻǽȻĽбôΪѧȻϵ۵ǰҪһµȻѧĿIJΪʶϵۣΪʶȻȻϣȻȻѧֵ̽ǹȻ֪ʶƶϵ۵֪ʶҲ෴Ȼѧֵ̽ǹϵ۵֪ʶƶȻ֪ʶ˫򻥶Ӧۺһ

죬ѧҲԽڶһȻѧ·ִĹȺʹǰʶȻеϵ۲ϵеȻǾͻȻʶȻеϵۣȻѧ񣻶ʶȻеϵ۲ϵеȻѾȻѧˡǰ߲DZdzΪߵһ֡

Ȼѧһֻ֤ΪȻѧһ𵽸á۲ǶһĺĿĵϵ۵ԤڶѡȻԡаɵĴڣʹǶȫܵĹֻʣһңɼĺͲ̫Ծϵۣԡʥͬصܶϵ۵ԶȻѧеѧԭҲṩŷ֤ҪڻȻԺͱȻۡһԭȴͬȻѧһ¡

Ȼѧͬѧ֤Ҫĸһ¡Ȼѧϵ۲ֱظԤȻɻӦȻĻȻжѣνյϵۡϵ۵ȫͬȻڲ໥ӰáȻѧУĿѧֶѧ±Ҫġѧ⣬ȻѧҲѧķ֡

Ȼѧһ廤ۡȻѧǻۣDZ֤ϵ۵ĴڣΪѧ̬ʧ绤еȻΡص㲻ϵ۵ĴڣΪļ⣬Ȼ⡣

ȻѧȻߵĸ߶ȡϵ۵Ĵ죬ʹרע硣ǺģҲżȻġѧȻǴʷʾ͸˾ҲӦһȻѧѧӻȻͳȻϷδɾһ׶ΡԷ̸Ȼе̸ͬϵۣ޹֮ͬȻ䡢˽˽򡢹Ȼϵ۵֮ϵ޶ȡݶԡʥijЩ⣬ʥȻȡ϶̬ȡͽΪϵǶڽʥϵۼǾߣҲǴߡһʹ˶Ȼѧײͬ⡣


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*ѭϰߣԽnatural theologyΪȻѧtheology of natureΪȻѧΪ뷨Ӧnatural theologyΪȻĿѧȻѧϵȻԵѧӦtheology of natureΪȻѧȻѧͬscientific philosophyΪѧѧphilosophy of scienceΪѧѧԼphilosophy of natureΪȻѧһΪңϮ

1.Ian G.Barbour, Religion and ScienceڽѧNew York,1997,ҳ89
2.Richard Means, The Ethical Imperative,New York,1969ҳ135
3.F.R.Tennant,Philosophical Theologyѧѧ,Canbridge,1930
4.W.N.Clarke, Is Natural Theology Still Possible TodayԿȻѧ𣿡Physics, Philosophy, and Theology, Notre Dame,1988
5.Richard Swinburne, The Existence of Godϵ۵Ĵڡ,Oxford,1979,ҳ291
6.Stephen W.Hawking, A Brief History of Timeʱʷ,New York,1988,ҳ291
7.Freeman Dyson, Disturbing the Universe桷,New York,1979
8.John Barrow and Frank Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principleѧԭ,Oxford,1986
9.John Leslie, Universes桷,London,1989
10.Hugh Montefiore, The Probability of Godϵ۵ĸʡ,London,1985
11.Thomas F.Torrance, Science and Access to Godѧͨϵ֮;ءѧ,1998.7(11)
12.Arthur Pcacocke, Theology for a Scientific Ageѧʱѧ,Minneapolis,1993
13.Picrre Teihard de Chardin, The Phenomenon of Man˵,New York, Harper and Row

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